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Gene Review

CYTB  -  cytochrome b

Anopheles gambiae

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Disease relevance of CYTB


High impact information on CYTB


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of CYTB

  • PCR was performed on 123 blood or tissue samples from 55 avian, 13 mammalian, and one amphibian species by using end-labeled primers to amplify a 358-bp segment of cytb [3].
  • Previous studies have shown that polymerase chain reaction (PCR) heteroduplex analysis (HDA) of the cytochrome B (cytb) gene is useful in identifying mosquito bloodmeals derived from avian hosts [3].


  1. Identification of avian- and mammalian-derived bloodmeals in Aedes vexans and Culiseta melanura (Diptera: Culicidae) and its implication for West Nile virus transmission in Connecticut, U.S.A. Molaei, G., Andreadis, T.G. J. Med. Entomol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  2. Patterns of mitochondrial variation within and between African malaria vectors, Anopheles gambiae and An. arabiensis, suggest extensive gene flow. Besansky, N.J., Lehmann, T., Fahey, G.T., Fontenille, D., Braack, L.E., Hawley, W.A., Collins, F.H. Genetics (1997) [Pubmed]
  3. Identification of mosquito bloodmeal source by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism profile analysis of the cytochrome B gene. Meece, J.K., Reynolds, C.E., Stockwell, P.J., Jenson, T.A., Christensen, J.E., Reed, K.D. J. Med. Entomol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Anopheles (Cellia) epiroticus (Diptera: Culicidae), a new malaria vector species in the Southeast Asian Sundaicus Complex. Linton, Y.M., Dusfour, I., Howard, T.M., Ruiz L, F., Duc Manh, N., Ho Dinh, T., Sochanta, T., Coosemans, M., Harbach, R.E. Bull. Entomol. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
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