The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Surrogate Mothers

Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Surrogate Mothers

  • Since the passage, in November 1995, of the ACT Substitute Parents Agreement Act, The Canberra Fertility Centre has added a true gestational carrier pregnancy programme to its established infertility and IVF services [1].

High impact information on Surrogate Mothers

  • Surviving male pups were treated with nicotine via suckling from surrogate mothers implanted subcutaneously with Alzet minipumps containing nicotine (0.2 mumol/kg per h) for four weeks [2].
  • At birth pups of both ethanol-exposed and pair-fed groups were fostered by surrogate mothers which received normal rat chow ad libitum [3].
  • Among the litters born to dams maintained on the 2.0 mg/kg/day dose of LAAM, there was a high incidence of stillbirths and infanticide by biological mothers or by surrogate mothers to which they were transferred within a few hours of birth [4].
  • RESULTS: In all 4 cases, NATP resulted from an incompatibility between the fetus and gestational carrier for the platelet-specific alloantigen HPA-1a [5].
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Successful ART cycle(s) in patient with PPH and successful gestational carrier pregnancy [6].

Anatomical context of Surrogate Mothers


Associations of Surrogate Mothers with chemical compounds


Gene context of Surrogate Mothers


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Surrogate Mothers


  1. Surrogacy in Australia: implantation rates have implications for embryo quality and uterine receptivity. Stafford-Bell, M.A., Copeland, C.M. Reprod. Fertil. Dev. (2001) [Pubmed]
  2. Nicotine treatment counteracts perinatal asphyxia-induced changes in the mesostriatal/limbic dopamine systems and in motor behaviour in the four-week-old male rat. Chen, Y., Ogren, S.O., Bjelke, B., Bolme, P., Eneroth, P., Gross, J., Loidl, F., Herrera-Marschitz, M., Andersson, K. Neuroscience (1995) [Pubmed]
  3. Altered Purkinje cell maturation in rats exposed prenatally to ethanol. I. Cytology. Mohamed, S.A., Nathaniel, E.J., Nathaniel, D.R., Snell, L. Exp. Neurol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  4. Outcome of pregnancy in rats chronically exposed to 1-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM). Lichtblau, L., Sparber, S.B. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1981) [Pubmed]
  5. Fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia in pregnancies involving in vitro fertilization: a report of four cases. Curtis, B.R., Bussel, J.B., Manco-Johnson, M.J., Aster, R.H., McFarland, J.G. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Use of assisted reproductive technologies and anesthesia in a patient with primary pulmonary hypertension. Metzler, E., Ginsburg, E., Tsen, L.C. Fertil. Steril. (2004) [Pubmed]
  7. Surrogate pregnancy in a patient who underwent radical hysterectomy and bilateral transposition of ovaries. Azem, F., Yovel, I., Wagman, I., Kapostiansky, R., Lessing, J.B., Amit, A. Fertil. Steril. (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. Protein alterations associated with N-methyl-N-nitrosourea exposure of preimplantation mouse embryos transferred to surrogate mothers. Bossert, N.L., Hitselberger, M.H., Iannaccone, P.M. Teratology (1990) [Pubmed]
  9. Effect of diclofenac on implantation and embryonic development in the rat. Carp, H.J., Fein, A., Nebel, L. Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  10. Birth of a piglet derived from an oocyte fertilized by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Kolbe, T., Holtz, W. Anim. Reprod. Sci. (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. French Supreme Court rules surrogate-mother agreements illegal. Greenhouse, S. The New York times. (1991) [Pubmed]
  12. Maternal environment affects endogenous virus induction in the offspring of type 1 diabetes model non-obese diabetic mice. Kagohashi, Y., Udagawa, J., Moriyama, K., Otani, H. Congenital anomalies. (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Effects of weaning by surrogate mothers (ACI) on tumor development in SD rats treated with methylnitrosourea (MNU) and/or N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). Shiraki, K., Lu, H., Ishimura, Y., Kashiwabara, S., Uesaka, T., Katoh, O., Watanabe, H. Hiroshima J. Med. Sci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  14. Successful pregnancy after 24 consecutive fetal losses: lessons learned from surrogacy. Raziel, A., Friedler, S., Schachter, M., Strassburger, D., Ron-El, R. Fertil. Steril. (2000) [Pubmed]
  15. The nurse as mother surrogate: oral histories of Nova Scotia nurses from the 1920s and 1930s. Keddy, B., LeDrew, M., Thompson, B., Nowaczek, L., Stewart, M., Englehart, R. Health care for women international. (1984) [Pubmed]
  16. Uterine transplantation. Brännström, M., Racho El-Akouri, R., Wranning, C.A. Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities