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MeSH Review

Posterior Thalamic Nuclei

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Disease relevance of Posterior Thalamic Nuclei


High impact information on Posterior Thalamic Nuclei


Anatomical context of Posterior Thalamic Nuclei


Associations of Posterior Thalamic Nuclei with chemical compounds

  • 2. During behavioral acquisition, neurons in posterior nucleus of thalamus were the first to show response increments to CS+ onset [11].
  • In a previous study on brain metabolism during the chronic period of the pilocarpine model it was possible to observe that, among several brain structures, the lateral posterior thalamic nuclei (LP) showed a strikingly increased metabolism [12].

Gene context of Posterior Thalamic Nuclei

  • At 2 days of monoarthritis the mGluR1 mRNA expression was decreased mainly in the ventrobasal complex (VB) and in the posterior thalamic nuclei (Po) contralateral to the inflamed joint [13].
  • At birth both alpha-type and beta-type CGRP messenger RNA were present in the parabrachial nucleus, inferior olive and motor nuclei (except for abducens nucleus), and only alpha-type CGRP messenger RNA in some posterior thalamic nuclei [14].
  • Most other structures, which show detectable binding by P0, exhibit higher levels at postnatal ages, including the red, deep, ventral cochlear, trapezoid, superior olivary, vestibular, ventral tegmental, and ventral posterior thalamic nuclei as well as the glomerular layer of the olfactory bulb [15].
  • Connections of some auditory-responsive posterior thalamic nuclei putatively involved in activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis in response to audiogenic stress in rats: an anterograde and retrograde tract tracing study combined with Fos expression [16].
  • It is concluded that the main source of NPY immunoreactive fibers is the posterior thalamic nucleus in the pretectal region, while the periventricular NPY immunopositive fibers may be of intrinsic origin [17].


  1. Familial myoclonic dementia masquerading as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Little, B.W., Brown, P.W., Rodgers-Johnson, P., Perl, D.P., Gajdusek, D.C. Ann. Neurol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  2. Plasma membrane transporters of serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine mediate serotonin accumulation in atypical locations in the developing brain of monoamine oxidase A knock-outs. Cases, O., Lebrand, C., Giros, B., Vitalis, T., De Maeyer, E., Caron, M.G., Price, D.J., Gaspar, P., Seif, I. J. Neurosci. (1998) [Pubmed]
  3. Vascular factors are critical in selective neuronal loss in an animal model of impaired oxidative metabolism. Calingasan, N.Y., Huang, P.L., Chun, H.S., Fabian, A., Gibson, G.E. J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  4. Dipole source analysis of laser-evoked subdural potentials recorded from parasylvian cortex in humans. Vogel, H., Port, J.D., Lenz, F.A., Solaiyappan, M., Krauss, G., Treede, R.D. J. Neurophysiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. Corticotropin-releasing hormone messenger RNA distribution and stress-induced activation in the thalamus. Hsu, D.T., Lombardo, K.A., Herringa, R.J., Bakshi, V.P., Roseboom, P.H., Kalin, N.H. Neuroscience (2001) [Pubmed]
  6. Differential synaptic distribution of AMPA receptor subunits in the ventral posterior and reticular thalamic nuclei of the rat. Mineff, E.M., Weinberg, R.J. Neuroscience (2000) [Pubmed]
  7. Development of catecholamine systems in the central nervous system of the newt Pleurodeles waltlii as revealed by tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry. González, A., Marín, O., Smeets, W.J. J. Comp. Neurol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  8. Thalamic retrograde degeneration following cortical injury: an excitotoxic process? Ross, D.T., Ebner, F.F. Neuroscience (1990) [Pubmed]
  9. Organization of the hamster intergeniculate leaflet: NPY and ENK projections to the suprachiasmatic nucleus, intergeniculate leaflet and posterior limitans nucleus. Morin, L.P., Blanchard, J. Vis. Neurosci. (1995) [Pubmed]
  10. VEP and SEP in non-specific thalamic nuclei and pulvinar during stereotaxic surgery. Choi, C.R., Hashizume, K., Umbach, W. Neurochirurgia. (1977) [Pubmed]
  11. Trial sequence of changed unit activity in auditory system of alert rat during conditioned response acquisition and extinction. Disterhoft, J.F., Stuart, D.K. J. Neurophysiol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  12. The contribution of the lateral posterior and anteroventral thalamic nuclei on spontaneous recurrent seizures in the pilocarpine model of epilepsy. Scorza, F.A., Arida, R.M., Priel, M., Calderazzo, L., Cavalheiro, E.A. Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria. (2002) [Pubmed]
  13. Expression of metabotropic glutamate receptors mRNA in the thalamus and brainstem of monoarthritic rats. Lourenço Neto, F., Schadrack, J., Platzer, S., Zieglgänsberger, W., Tölle, T.R., Castro-Lopes, J.M. Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
  14. Expression of the genes for alpha-type and beta-type calcitonin gene-related peptide during postnatal rat brain development. Terrado, J., Gerrikagoitia, I., Martinez-Millán, L., Pascual, F., Climent, S., Muniesa, P., Sarasa, M. Neuroscience (1997) [Pubmed]
  15. Distribution of cholinergic neuronal differentiation factor/leukemia inhibitory factor binding sites in the developing and adult rat nervous system in vivo. Qiu, L., Towle, M.F., Bernd, P., Fukada, K. J. Neurobiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  16. Connections of some auditory-responsive posterior thalamic nuclei putatively involved in activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis in response to audiogenic stress in rats: an anterograde and retrograde tract tracing study combined with Fos expression. Campeau, S., Watson, S.J. J. Comp. Neurol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  17. The origin of tectal NPY immunopositive fibers in the frog. Kozicz, T., Lázár, G. Brain Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
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