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Psychiatry related information on Pulvinar


High impact information on Pulvinar

  • In the pulvinar region the left hemisphere is rich in norepinephrine, whereas in the somatosensory input area the right hemisphere has a higher concentration of this catecholamine [3].
  • Other CO-weak, parvalbumin-negative, calbindin-positive nuclei, including the posterior, ventral posterior inferior, and anterior pulvinar and the small-celled matrix of VPM are also associated with concentrations of spinothalamic and caudal trigeminothalamic terminations [4].
  • Analysis of the scans indicated that, averaged across the 2 sessions, the pulvinar showed greater glucose uptake when it was contralateral to the display of the selective attention task than when it was contralateral to the display of the nonattention task [5].
  • Gravistimulus failed to increase responsiveness of pulvinar tissue to IAA, whereas GA3 partially overcame gravistimulus-promoted incorporation into pulvinar cell wall, probably because of preferential movement of label into the rapidly elongating internode [6].
  • A dorsal subdivision, Pd, stains darkly for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and occupies the dorsoposterior one-third of the pulvinar complex [7].

Biological context of Pulvinar

  • These results indicate that phospholipase C-catalyzed hydrolysis of phosphoinositides, possibly activated by a G protein, is an early step in the signal-transduction pathway by which blue light and darkness close K+ channels in S. saman pulvinar cells [8].
  • Saccadic eye movements following kainic acid lesions of the pulvinar in monkeys [9].
  • Retrogradely labelled cells in the LGN and/or the pulvinar were arranged in coherent columns, volumes or slabs, but cell volumes resulting from neighbouring cortical injections overlapped at their border (for details of the thalamo-cortical topography see the companion paper Dick et al [10].

Anatomical context of Pulvinar


Associations of Pulvinar with chemical compounds

  • Thus kainic acid lesions should provide an effective tool for studying the functional significance of the pulvinar [12].
  • Injection of GABA-related drugs into this part of the pulvinar alters animals' performance on an attentional task [16].
  • The topography of thalamocortical neurons revealed in coronal sections through VA, MD, and pulvinar is circumferential [17].
  • After injections of H3 proline into area 17, both the small diameter (RS) and the large diameter (RL) terminals containing round vesicles and making asymmetric contacts are labeled in the two pulvinar subdivisions [18].
  • In an attempt to determine the possible origin of a cholinergic input to the pulvinar, horseradish peroxidase (HRP) injections and choline acetyltransferase immunohistochemistry were also done [19].

Gene context of Pulvinar

  • H1 receptor binding was mainly detected in the mediodorsal, ventroposterolateral nuclei, and the pulvinar [20].
  • Because the calbindin-rich and -poor regions of P(3) corresponded to differential patterns of cortical connectivity, the results suggest that CB may further delineate functional subdivisions in the pulvinar [21].
  • The pulvinar/lateralis posterior complex shows a particularly well-differentiated staining pattern which closely matches Updyke's [Updyke (1983) J. comp. Neurol. 219, 143-181] parcellation of this region [22].
  • The dl-frequency was the same in the various nuclei of the pulvinar and the LGN [10].
  • 5. The histochemical reaction to acetylcholinesterase was moderate in the pulvinar [23].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Pulvinar

  • We conclude that whereas thermocoagulation of the pulvinar severely damages the corticotectal tract, kainic acid lesions spare these fibers of passage [12].
  • The excitatory effects of subcortical (dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus and pulvinar nuclear complex) electrical stimulation on the activity of suprasylvian neurones were reduced substantially by the iontophoretic administration of atropine [24].
  • Visually driven units, isolated in the ventrolateral group -- Pv1g (109) and in subnucleus Pmu (33) of the pulvinar of the cebus monkey, were studied in acute and chronic preparations under nitrous oxide N2O/O2 anesthesia during periods of EEG arousal [25].


  1. Abnormal glucose metabolism in the mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus in schizophrenia. Hazlett, E.A., Buchsbaum, M.S., Kemether, E., Bloom, R., Platholi, J., Brickman, A.M., Shihabuddin, L., Tang, C., Byne, W. The American journal of psychiatry. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Lesions in the pulvinar in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Kuljis, R.O. J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  3. Lateralization of norepinephrine in human thalamus. Oke, A., Keller, R., Mefford, I., Adams, R.N. Science (1978) [Pubmed]
  4. Calbindin and parvalbumin cells in monkey VPL thalamic nucleus: distribution, laminar cortical projections, and relations to spinothalamic terminations. Rausell, E., Bae, C.S., Viñuela, A., Huntley, G.W., Jones, E.G. J. Neurosci. (1992) [Pubmed]
  5. Positron emission tomographic measurements of pulvinar activity during an attention task. LaBerge, D., Buchsbaum, M.S. J. Neurosci. (1990) [Pubmed]
  6. Hormonal and gravitropic specificity in the regulation of growth and cell wall synthesis in pulvini and internodes from shoots of Avena sativa L. (oat). Montague, M.J. Plant Physiol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  7. The visual pulvinar in tree shrews I. Multiple subdivisions revealed through acetylcholinesterase and Cat-301 chemoarchitecture. Lyon, D.C., Jain, N., Kaas, J.H. J. Comp. Neurol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate may mediate closure of K+ channels by light and darkness in Samanea saman motor cells. Kim, H.Y., Cote, G.G., Crain, R.C. Planta (1996) [Pubmed]
  9. Saccadic eye movements following kainic acid lesions of the pulvinar in monkeys. Bender, D.B., Baizer, J.S. Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale. (1990) [Pubmed]
  10. The local domain for divergence of subcortical afferents to the striate and extrastriate visual cortex in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus): a multiple labelling study. Kaske, A., Dick, A., Creutzfeldt, O.D. Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale. (1991) [Pubmed]
  11. Synaptic targets of cholinergic terminals in the cat lateral posterior nucleus. Patel, N.C., Carden, W.B., Bickford, M.E. J. Comp. Neurol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. Anterograde degeneration in the superior colliculus following kainic acid and radiofrequency lesions of the macaque pulvinar. Bender, D.B., Baizer, J.S. J. Comp. Neurol. (1984) [Pubmed]
  13. Interlaminar connections of the superior colliculus in the tree shrew. I. The superficial gray layer. Hall, W.C., Lee, P. J. Comp. Neurol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  14. Three-dimensional mapping of norepinephrine and serotonin in human thalamus. Oke, A.F., Carver, L.A., Gouvion, C.M., Adams, R.N. Brain Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  15. Serotonin modulation of cerebral blood flow measured with positron emission tomography (PET) in humans. Geday, J., Hermansen, F., Rosenberg, R., Smith, D.F. Synapse (2005) [Pubmed]
  16. Contributions of the pulvinar to visual spatial attention. Petersen, S.E., Robinson, D.L., Morris, J.D. Neuropsychologia. (1987) [Pubmed]
  17. The primate mediodorsal (MD) nucleus and its projection to the frontal lobe. Goldman-Rakic, P.S., Porrino, L.J. J. Comp. Neurol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  18. The morphology and distribution of striate cortex terminals in the inferior and lateral subdivisions of the Macaca monkey pulvinar. Ogren, M.P., Hendrickson, A.E. J. Comp. Neurol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  19. Histochemical and architectonic differentiation of zones of pretectal and collicular inputs to the pulvinar and dorsal lateral geniculate nuclei in the macaque. Lysakowski, A., Standage, G.P., Benevento, L.A. J. Comp. Neurol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  20. The histaminergic system in human thalamus: correlation of innervation to receptor expression. Jin, C.Y., Kalimo, H., Panula, P. Eur. J. Neurosci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  21. Visual cortical projections and chemoarchitecture of macaque monkey pulvinar. Adams, M.M., Hof, P.R., Gattass, R., Webster, M.J., Ungerleider, L.G. J. Comp. Neurol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  22. Gamma-aminobutyrate-like immunoreactivity in the thalamus of the cat. Rinvik, E., Ottersen, O.P., Storm-Mathisen, J. Neuroscience (1987) [Pubmed]
  23. Micro-electrophoretic studies in the cat pulvinar region: effect of acetylcholine. Godfraind, J.M. Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale. (1975) [Pubmed]
  24. Neuropharmacological properties of electrophysiologically identified, visually responsive neurones of the posterior lateral suprasylvian area. A microiontophoretic study. Hicks, T.P., Guedes, R.C. Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale. (1983) [Pubmed]
  25. Visual receptive fields of units in the pulvinar of cebus monkey. Gattass, R., Oswaldo-Cruz, E., Sousa, A.P. Brain Res. (1979) [Pubmed]
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