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Disease relevance of Thermoanaerobacterium


High impact information on Thermoanaerobacterium

  • The first crystal structures of a two-domain, prokaryotic glucoamylase were determined to high resolution from the clostridial species Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum with and without acarbose [3].
  • Xylose isomerase from the thermophile Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes strain 4B has been crystallized by vapour diffusion from Jeffamine ED 4000 as precipitant [4].
  • The genes encoding acetyl xylan esterase 1 (axe1) and a beta-xylosidase (xylB) have been cloned and sequenced from Thermoanaerobacterium sp. strain JW/SL YS485. axe1 is located 22 nucleotides 3' of the xylB sequence [5].
  • Isolation, analysis, and expression of two genes from Thermoanaerobacterium sp. strain JW/SL YS485: a beta-xylosidase and a novel acetyl xylan esterase with cephalosporin C deacetylase activity [5].
  • An unusual xylose isomerase produced by Thermoanaerobacterium strain JW/SL-YS 489 was purified 28-fold to gel electrophoretic homogeneity, and the biochemical properties were determined [6].

Chemical compound and disease context of Thermoanaerobacterium


Biological context of Thermoanaerobacterium

  • The utility of the developed CAK1-derived phagemid designated pYL102E was evaluated by using it to examine heterologous expression of: (1) the manA gene derived from Thermoanaerobacterium polysaccharolyticum in E. coli and C. beijerinckii NCIMB 8052 and (2) the sol operon derived from Clostridium acetobutylicum DSM 792 in C. beijerinckii SA-2 [12].

Gene context of Thermoanaerobacterium

  • A homology model for the IDUA enzyme was constructed based on the recently solved crystal structure of the beta-xylosidase from Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum (XyTS, EC, both of which belong to the same sequence-related family (CAZY family 39) [13].
  • Quaternary structure, Mg2+ interactions, and some kinetic properties of the beta-galactosidase from Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes EM1 [14].
  • The isolate, Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum KU001, from the microflora demonstrated approximately 2.4 mol/mol-glucose of hydrogen production with acetate/butyrate formation in an artificial medium [15].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Thermoanaerobacterium

  • The gene encoding L-lactate dehydrogenase from Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum JW/SL-YS485 was cloned, sequenced, and used to obtain an L-ldh deletion mutant strain (TD1) following a site-specific double-crossover event as confirmed by PCR and Southern blot [10].


  1. Advances in development of a genetic system for Thermoanaerobacterium spp.: expression of genes encoding hydrolytic enzymes, development of a second shuttle vector, and integration of genes into the chromosome. Mai, V., Wiegel, J. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  2. Molecular cloning, sequencing, and expression of a novel multidomain mannanase gene from Thermoanaerobacterium polysaccharolyticum. Cann, I.K., Kocherginskaya, S., King, M.R., White, B.A., Mackie, R.I. J. Bacteriol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  3. Crystal structure and evolution of a prokaryotic glucoamylase. Aleshin, A.E., Feng, P.H., Honzatko, R.B., Reilly, P.J. J. Mol. Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  4. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of xylose isomerase from Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes strain 4B. Lloyd, L.F., Gallay, O.S., Akins, J., Zeikus, J.G. J. Mol. Biol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  5. Isolation, analysis, and expression of two genes from Thermoanaerobacterium sp. strain JW/SL YS485: a beta-xylosidase and a novel acetyl xylan esterase with cephalosporin C deacetylase activity. Lorenz, W.W., Wiegel, J. J. Bacteriol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  6. Purification and cloning of a thermostable xylose (glucose) isomerase with an acidic pH optimum from Thermoanaerobacterium strain JW/SL-YS 489. Liu, S.Y., Wiegel, J., Gherardini, F.C. J. Bacteriol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. Molecular analysis of the amy gene locus of Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes EM1 encoding starch-degrading enzymes and a binding protein-dependent maltose transport system. Sahm, K., Matuschek, M., Müller, H., Mitchell, W.J., Bahl, H. J. Bacteriol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  8. Characterization of two novel saccharolytic, anaerobic thermophiles, Thermoanaerobacterium polysaccharolyticum sp. nov. and Thermoanaerobacterium zeae sp. nov., and emendation of the genus Thermoanaerobacterium. Cann, I.K., Stroot, P.G., Mackie, K.R., White, B.A., Mackie, R.I. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  9. A novel type of carbohydrate-protein linkage region in the tyrosine-bound S-layer glycan of Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum D120-70. Schäffer, C., Dietrich, K., Unger, B., Scheberl, A., Rainey, F.A., Kählig, H., Messner, P. Eur. J. Biochem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  10. Cloning of L-lactate dehydrogenase and elimination of lactic acid production via gene knockout in Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum JW/SL-YS485. Desai, S.G., Guerinot, M.L., Lynd, L.R. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. Conversion of sugars to 1,2-propanediol by Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum HG-8. Altaras, N.E., Etzel, M.R., Cameron, D.C. Biotechnol. Prog. (2001) [Pubmed]
  12. Molecular characterization and utilization of the CAK1 filamentous viruslike particle derived from Clostridium beijerinckii. Li, Y., Blaschek, H.P., Tan, D. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  13. A homology model for human alpha-l-iduronidase: insights into human disease. Rempel, B.P., Clarke, L.A., Withers, S.G. Mol. Genet. Metab. (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Quaternary structure, Mg2+ interactions, and some kinetic properties of the beta-galactosidase from Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes EM1. Huber, R.E., Roth, N.J., Bahl, H. J. Protein Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
  15. Characterization of a microorganism isolated from the effluent of hydrogen fermentation by microflora. Ueno, Y., Haruta, S., Ishii, M., Igarashi, Y. J. Biosci. Bioeng. (2001) [Pubmed]
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