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MeSH Review

X-Ray Film

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High impact information on X-Ray Film

  • Polymerase chain reaction products were electrophoresed on denaturing gels and exposed to radiographic film [1].
  • METHODS: To measure the joint space width in the finger and wrist joints of RA patients, hand and wrist radiographic films were scanned using a tabletop scanner and analyzed with programs written using the "macro" capabilities of NIH Image software [2].
  • The performance of these detector arrays was evaluated against IMRT dose distributions created and calculated with Konrad and the results obtained were compared with film measurements performed with radiographic films (EDR2, Kodak) [3].
  • Twenty minutes after intracavernosal (IC) injection of a mixture of 60 mg. papaverine and one mg. phentolamine (regitine), 100 ml. of diluted radiographic contrast medium are infused at the rate of one or two ml./sec. while pressure is recorded, and radiographic films are exposed at the rate of one every eight to 15 seconds [4].
  • After the titanium metal was subjected to anodic oxidation treatment, thin film X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy results showed the titanium metals surfaces were covered by porous titania of anatase and/or rutile [5].

Biological context of X-Ray Film


Associations of X-Ray Film with chemical compounds

  • Dose output and distribution of seven simple vane patterns with different switch times were measured with ionization chambers and radiographic films in polystyrene and anthropomorphic phantoms [8].
  • Three combinations of gadolinium oxysulfide intensifying screens and radiographic films were compared [9].
  • The diagnostic qualities of radiographic films were better using the new, low-osmolal contrast media than using either barium or sodium diatrizoate [10].
  • The method involves several steps including insertion of spheric tantalum markers, radiographic examinations, measurements of radiographic films, and calculations of three-dimensional movements [11].
  • Radiographic film cannot reliably document transverse and coronal plane pelvic, torso, and shoulder orientation resulting from the global effect of vertebral malalignment [12].

Gene context of X-Ray Film

  • Forty-one coded radiographic films from 16 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were read by 13 observers, using 4 different methods for scoring abnormalities [13].
  • To study this variation, measurements were performed using the following radiation detectors: silicon diode, diamond detector, radiographic film, radiochromic film, and TLD cubes [14].
  • This verification is unique to the IMRT treatment and has been done using radiographic film, electronic portal imaging device (EPID) or electronic imaging system (BIS) [15].
  • For clinical cases, the calculation time is typically 5 minutes for a 1 x 1 mm2 interpolated resolution on an 800 MHz Pentium 4 for a 14.1 x 15.2 cm2 radiographic film [16].
  • Rapid radiographic film calibration for IMRT verification using automated MLC fields [17].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of X-Ray Film


  1. A transforming growth factor beta 1 receptor type II mutation in ulcerative colitis-associated neoplasms. Souza, R.F., Lei, J., Yin, J., Appel, R., Zou, T.T., Zhou, X., Wang, S., Rhyu, M.G., Cymes, K., Chan, O., Park, W.S., Krasna, M.J., Greenwald, B.D., Cottrell, J., Abraham, J.M., Simms, L., Leggett, B., Young, J., Harpaz, N., Meltzer, S.J. Gastroenterology (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. Computer-based methods for measuring joint space and estimating erosion volume in the finger and wrist joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Sharp, J.T., Gardner, J.C., Bennett, E.M. Arthritis Rheum. (2000) [Pubmed]
  3. Dosimetric quality assurance for intensity-modulated radiotherapy feasibility study for a filmless approach. Wiezorek, T., Banz, N., Schwedas, M., Scheithauer, M., Salz, H., Georg, D., Wendt, T.G. Strahlentherapie und Onkologie : Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et al]. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Penile pharmacocavernosography and cavernosometry in the evaluation of impotence. Bookstein, J.J., Valji, K., Parsons, L., Kessler, W. J. Urol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  5. Preparation of bioactive titanium metal via anodic oxidation treatment. Yang, B., Uchida, M., Kim, H.M., Zhang, X., Kokubo, T. Biomaterials (2004) [Pubmed]
  6. Biotinylated and radioactive DNA probes for detection of varicella-zoster virus genome in infected human cells. Cuthbertson, G., Grose, C. Mol. Cell. Probes (1988) [Pubmed]
  7. Chairside disinfection of radiographs. Neaverth, E.J., Pantera, E.A. Oral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Pathol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  8. Dependence of linac output on the switch rate of an intensity-modulated tomotherapy collimator. Tsai, J.S., Rivard, M.J., Engler, M.J. Medical physics. (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. Radiation dose reduction in the neonatal intensive care unit. Comparison of three gadolinium oxysulfide screen-film combinations. Smathers, R.L., Alford, B.A., Messenger, J., Agarwal, S.K., Taylor, T.S. Investigative radiology. (1984) [Pubmed]
  10. Water-soluble contrast media compared with barium in enteric follow-through. Urinary excretion and radiographic efficacy in rats with intestinal ischemia. Stordahl, A., Laerum, F. Investigative radiology. (1988) [Pubmed]
  11. Radiostereometry of hip prostheses. Review of methodology and clinical results. Kärrholm, J., Herberts, P., Hultmark, P., Malchau, H., Nivbrant, B., Thanner, J. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  12. Quantifying changes in standing body segment alignment following spinal instrumentation and fusion in idiopathic scoliosis using an optoelectronic measurement system. Masso, P.D., Gorton, G.E. Spine. (2000) [Pubmed]
  13. Reproducibility of multiple-observer scoring of radiologic abnormalities in the hands and wrists of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Sharp, J.T., Bluhm, G.B., Brook, A., Brower, A.C., Corbett, M., Decker, J.L., Genant, H.K., Gofton, J.P., Goodman, N., Larsen, A. Arthritis Rheum. (1985) [Pubmed]
  14. Determination of the 4 mm Gamma Knife helmet relative output factor using a variety of detectors. Tsai, J.S., Rivard, M.J., Engler, M.J., Mignano, J.E., Wazer, D.E., Shucart, W.A. Medical physics. (2003) [Pubmed]
  15. Computer verification of fluence map for intensity modulated radiation therapy. Xing, L., Li, J.G. Medical physics. (2000) [Pubmed]
  16. Evaluation of the gamma dose distribution comparison method. Low, D.A., Dempsey, J.F. Medical physics. (2003) [Pubmed]
  17. Rapid radiographic film calibration for IMRT verification using automated MLC fields. Childress, N.L., Dong, L., Rosen, I.I. Medical physics. (2002) [Pubmed]
  18. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy: overlapping co-axial modulated fields. Metcalfe, P., Tangboonduangjit, P., White, P. Physics in medicine and biology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  19. Effects of niobium filtration and constant potential on the sensitometric responses of dental radiographic films. Price, C., McDonnell, D. Dento maxillo facial radiology. (1991) [Pubmed]
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