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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Chemotactic response toward chemokines and its regulation by transforming growth factor-beta1 of murine bone marrow hematopoietic progenitor cell-derived different subset of dendritic cells.

Dendritic cells (DCs) are highly specialized antigen-presenting cells that distribute widely in all organs. DCs initiate the primary immune response and activate naive T cells and B cells responsible for the acquired immunity. In this study, CCR7 mRNA was proved to be expressed in DCs and their precursors derived from murine bone marrow-derived hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs), whereas CCR1 mRNA was expressed in both CD11b-/dullCD11c+ and CD11b+hiCD11c+ DC precursors. CCR6 mRNA was not detected in any murine DC populations. In agreement with the chemokine receptor mRNA expression by each population in the DC differentiation pathway, SLC (also termed as MIP-3beta), one of the ligands for CCR7, strongly and selectively chemoattracted both CD11b-/dullCD11c+ and CD11b+hiCD11c+ DC precursors (days 6 to 7) and more mature DCs (days 13 to 14). We have recently found that transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), a cytokine that is essential for the appearance of Langerhans cells in the skin, polarizes murine HPCs to generate Langerhans-like cells through monocyte/macrophage differentiation pathway. We observed here that TGF-beta1 not only inhibited the expression of CCR7 in DCs and DC precursors derived from HPCs, but also inhibited the migration of these cells in response to SLC. This is the first report describing the chemokine and chemokine receptors responsible for murine DC migration and downregulation of DC migration by TGF-beta1.[1]


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