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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunophenotyping and functional analysis of purified human uterine mast cells.

Human mast cells have been purified from uterine tissues, and their surface marker profile and function have been evaluated as part of ongoing studies of mast cell heterogeneity. Using a panel of antibodies, purified uterine mast cells (UMC; 81% +/- 7% purity, n = 10) were analyzed by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry for surface expression of various antigens. Consistent with previous analyses of mast cells from other tissues, UMC expressed HLA class I, IgE, c-kit receptor, CD9, CD33, CD43, CD45, and CD54, while CD11a, CD11b, CD14, CD16, CD23, and CD64 were not detected. Unlike other mast cells, UMC expressed CD11c/CD18 (p150,95) and CD32 (Fc gamma RII). Additional antigens not previously studied on mast cells included the selectin LECAM-1 (Leu-8) and several beta 1 and beta 3 integrins; expression of very late activation antigen-4 (VLA-4) (CD49d/CD29), VLA-5 (CD49e/CD29), and the vitronectin receptor (CD51/CD61) was seen. Functional studies showed that treatment of human umbilical vein endothelial cells with interleukin-1 (5 ng/mL for 4 hours) resulted in a twofold to threefold increase in adhesiveness for UMC. Purification procedures did not alter histamine release responses to anti-IgE or the calcium ionophore A23187, and treatment of UMC with an anti-CD32 monoclonal antibody (IV.3) did not induce histamine release or alter anti-IgE-induced release. These data suggest that UMC may possess unique phenotypic characteristics, and support the concept of mast cell heterogeneity.[1]


  1. Immunophenotyping and functional analysis of purified human uterine mast cells. Guo, C.B., Kagey-Sobotka, A., Lichtenstein, L.M., Bochner, B.S. Blood (1992) [Pubmed]
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