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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Excessive matrix accumulation in the kidneys of MRL/lpr lupus mice is dependent on complement activation.

Complement receptor 1-related gene/protein y (Crry) in rodents is a potent membrane complement regulator that inhibits complement C3 activation by both classical and alternative pathways. Complement inhibition with Crry as the recombinant protein Crry-Ig has been demonstrated to prevent MRL/MpJ-Tnfrsf6(lpr) (MRL/lpr) mice from developing proteinuria and renal failure. Crry-Ig-treated mice also showed less glomerulosclerosis compared with control MRL/lpr mice. To clarify how complement inhibition with Crry might affect renal scarring in lupus nephritis, gene transcript profiling was performed comparing Crry-Ig-treated MRL/lpr mice to control-treated MRL/lpr mice as well as to the MRL/+ strain control. Altered gene expression was confirmed by quantitative PCR, and protein quantity with either immunoblotting or immunofluorescence microscopy. Collagens I, III, IV, and VI were overexpressed in control MRL/lpr mice, whereas complement inhibition with Crry reduced the overexpression of these extracellular matrix components toward normal. Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, connective tissue growth factor, and TGF-beta1 were upregulated in MRL/lpr mice compared with MRL/+ mice and were normalized by Crry-Ig treatment, suggesting that the product of these genes may contribute to the progressive glomerulosclerosis in MRL/lpr mice in a complement-dependent fashion. Thus, complement inhibition with Crry has a prominent effect on matrix-related genes and proteins, which translates into improvement in functional renal disease.[1]


  1. Excessive matrix accumulation in the kidneys of MRL/lpr lupus mice is dependent on complement activation. Bao, L., Zhou, J., Holers, V.M., Quigg, R.J. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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