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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antiglaucoma eye drop pulses--increased interleukin-6 secretion by Tenon's capsule fibroblast cultures.

PURPOSE: Long-term antiglaucoma eye drop therapy prior to trabeculectomy is a risk factor for surgical failure resulting from Tenon's capsule fibrosis at the fistula site. The study tested the hypothesis that secretion of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-6 by wounded Tenon's capsule-fibroblasts is elevated by prior long-term antiglaucoma eye drop treatment. METHODS: Fibroblast cultures were established from Tenon's capsule biopsies during trabeculectomy. Twice daily and for four and a half days, confluent secondary (2-4 passages) cultures were treated (30 minutes at 37 degrees C) with the following drugs (diluted at 1:400-1:100): 0.2% brimonidine-tartrate (Alphagan), 2.0% dorzolamide-HCl (Trusopt), 0.5% timolol-maleate (Timoptic), 2.0% dorzolamide-HCl/0.5% timolol-maleate (Cosopt), 2 and 4% pilocarpine-HCl (Akarpine and Pilocar), 0.005% latanoprost (Xalatan), placebos for Trusopt and Timoptic, and 0.01% benzalkonium chloride. Subsequently, cultures were wounded by removing cells grown on half of each culture dishes along with the medium and conditioned for 20 hours in serum-free growth medium, which was then collected for ELISA for IL-6 (and TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta). Cultures were grown for four additional days to show the maintenance of culture sterility. RESULTS: Latanoprost, pilocarpine-HCl, and timolol-maleate increased IL-6 levels in the conditioned medium in a dilution factor-dependent manner (P < 0.05, ANOVA). IL-6 concentrations were increased most significantly by latanoprost and were (pg/ml; mean +/- SEM; N = 3 cultures) 186 +/- 37, 187 +/- 33, 295 +/- 46 and 336 +/- 76 in cultures treated at 1:400, 1:250, 1:150, and 1:100 dilutions, respectively, whereas those of six control cultures averaged 80 +/- 9. Benzalkonium chloride, brimonidine-tartrate, dorzolamide-HCl, Cosopt placebo, Timoptic placebo, and dorzolamide-HCl/timolol-maleate did not significantly elevate IL-6 concentrations. IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha were not detected in the medium of control cultures and those treated with pilocarpine (1:200). CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated for the first time that the level of IL-6 secretion by wounded Tenon's capsule fibroblast cell cultures was increased by repeat pulsing of these cultures with some, but not all, antiglaucoma eye drops prior to wounding.[1]


  1. Antiglaucoma eye drop pulses--increased interleukin-6 secretion by Tenon's capsule fibroblast cultures. Koh, S.W., Coll, T.J., Rose, L., Matsumoto, Y., Higginbotham, E.J. Journal of glaucoma. (2004) [Pubmed]
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