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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human monocyte chemotactic protein-2: cDNA cloning and regulated expression of mRNA in mesenchymal cells.

Stimulated MG-63 osteosarcoma cells have been used as a source to purify and identify the monocyte chemokines MCP-1, MCP-2 and MCP-3. In comparison with MCP-1, the production yields of MCP-2 and MCP-3 in these cells are rather low and variable. Although the protein sequence of human MCP-2 is identified, its DNA sequence remains elusive. A degenerate primer set was used to isolate an MCP-2 gene fragment from the chemokine YAC contig on human chromosome 17. Based on the gene sequence of MCP-2, a unique primer set was synthesized and used to screen cDNA libraries for the presence of MCP-2 transcripts by PCR. The complete MCP-2 cDNA was cloned from a human bone marrow cDNA library and sequenced. The cDNA-derived protein sequence was identical to that of purified natural MCP-2, except for Gln46 which replaced Lys46. There seem thus to exist two MCP-2 allelic variants because at position 46 the codons of two residues (Lys46 and Gln46) were detected in individual genomes. As shown by Northern hybridization, the MCP-2 steady-state mRNA levels in normal diploid fibroblasts were increased by IL-1 beta, IFN-gamma and the double-stranded RNA poly rI:rC. RT-PCR analysis showed induction of MCP-2 mRNA in MG-63 cells by IFN-gamma and IL-1 beta. The regulated production of MCP-2 by tumor cells and normal mesenchymal cells is indicative of a role in neoplasia and inflammatory host responses.[1]


  1. Human monocyte chemotactic protein-2: cDNA cloning and regulated expression of mRNA in mesenchymal cells. Van Coillie, E., Froyen, G., Nomiyama, H., Miura, R., Fiten, P., Van Aelst, I., Van Damme, J., Opdenakker, G. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1997) [Pubmed]
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