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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate signaling in the primate corpus luteum: maintenance of protein kinase A activity throughout the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.

Recent studies from our laboratory (Endocrinology 136:4762-4768, 1995) demonstrating that the expression of cAMP-dependent nuclear transcription factor CREB (cAMP response element binding protein) is lost following ovulation in macaques has revealed a novel mechanism by which the cytoplasmic and nuclear actions the cAMP-protein kinase A (PKA) intracellular signaling system may be regulated independently. Implicit in this hypothesis is the assumption that PKA activity is maintained throughout the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, yet to date there have been no published reports regarding PKA activity in the primate corpus luteum. PKA activity was assessed by the incorporation of 32P from radiolabeled ATP into a PKA-specific peptide substrate (kemptide) in the presence or absence of cAMP. Luteal cytosolic fractions were obtained from corpora lutea collected during the spontaneous luteal phase (days 3-5, 7-8, 10-11, 13-15, and postmenses) or obtained from animals on days 11 or 16 of the luteal phase after the animals received seven days of exogenous human CG ( hCG) treatment. Examination of PKA activity in luteal slices from various aged CL maintained in short-term organ culture in the presence or absence of recombinant cynomolgus monkey LH was also performed. There were no significant differences in basal or cAMP-stimulated PKA activities in corpora lutea collected throughout the spontaneous luteal phase. Further, Western immunoblot analyses of the catalytic subunit of PKA (PKA C alpha) in corpora lutea collected throughout the luteal phase revealed immunoreactive protein bands with similar intensities. In vitro addition of recombinant cynomolgus LH and dibutyryl cAMP stimulated PKA activity in corpora lutea collected during the early, mid, and late luteal phases. In corpora lutea obtained from animals treated with hCG during the midluteal phase, basal PKA activity was decreased 65% as compared with untreated day 11 controls and in late luteal phase, hCG-exposed CL basal PKA activity was decreased 30% as compared with untreated day 16 controls. However, there were no measurable differences in cAMP-stimulated PKA activity in CL exposed to prior hCG treatment in vivo and Western immunoblot analyses for PKA C alpha in these tissues revealed immunoreactive protein bands that were comparable with corpora lutea collected from untreated animals. Further, immunoblot analyses for CREB in corpora lutea collected from hCG-treated animals revealed that CREB immunoreactivity remained undetectable following a treatment regimen with hCG that mimics early pregnancy. These results demonstrate that, although CREB expression ceases following ovulation, PKA activity is maintained throughout the luteal phase, which provides a mechanism by which the acute steroidogenic actions of LH may be separated from longer term trophic actions that may rely the transcriptional activity of CREB.[1]


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