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Chemical Compound Review

aceclidin     1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]oct-8-yl ethanoate

Synonyms: Aceclidina, Glaucostat, aceclidine, Aceclidinum, Glaucadrine, ...
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Disease relevance of aceclidine

  • 3 This reduced sensitivity to light was accompanied by an overshoot of the resting pupil diameter and, after aceclidine miosis, a reduced response to a second application of miotic [1].
  • When peripheral muscarinic activity was blocked by administration of methylscopolamine, a dose-dependent hypertension was obtained following the injection of oxotremorine, arecoline and aceclidine, by both intraperitoneal and intracerebroventricular routes [2].

High impact information on aceclidine

  • The agents (+)- and (-)-aceclidine (3-acetoxyquinuclidine), (+)- and (-)-N-methylaceclidine, and oxotremorine were compared in their ability to inhibit specific 3H-labeled (+/-)-3-quinuclidinyl benzilate binding to rat brain muscarinic receptors and to stimulate contractions of the isolated guinea pig ileum [3].
  • The pharmacological activity of the enantiomers of aceclidine was investigated in Chinese hamster ovary cells transfected with the M1 through M5 subtypes of the muscarinic receptor and also in the rat heart and parotid gland that express primarily M2 and M3 receptors, respectively [4].
  • Thirty minutes after the instillation of diluted aceclidine, the topography-derived wavefront error showed a statistically significant reduction in RMS values (total, spherical, astigmatic, coma, and higher order), which was maintained for 5 hours [5].
  • The tonic activity of the muscarinic agonists, aceclidine, arecoline, carbachol, McN-A-343, RS 86, thiopilocarpine and WAL 2014 FU, was tested in groups of isolated tracheal muscle of the guinea-pig [6].
  • We sought to determine if different muscarinic receptor subtypes control outflow facility, accommodative and pupillary responses to aceclidine in the living rhesus monkey eye, as a possible basis for this separation [7].

Biological context of aceclidine


Anatomical context of aceclidine

  • Aceclidine has negligible side effects on the ocular components (maximal change of the anterior chamber 0.20 mm; maximal change of the lens thickness 0.14 mm; maximal myopisation: -1.5 delta [9].
  • To determine whether this dissociation resides in the ciliary muscle (CM) or trabecular meshwork (TM), we measured aceclidine effects on perfusion outflow facility in both eyes of 8 rhesus monkeys after unilateral disinsertion of the CM from the TM [10].

Associations of aceclidine with other chemical compounds


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of aceclidine

  • Aceclidine was assayed by a pharmacodynamic method: pupillary diameter at the following time intervals 0 (basal value), 1 min, 5 min, 30 min, 1 hr, 2 hr, 4 hr, 6 hr after treatment [8].


  1. Subsensitivity to cholinoceptor stimulation of the human iris sphincter in situ following acute and chronic administration of cholinomimetic miotic drugs. Smith, S.A., Smith, S.E. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1980) [Pubmed]
  2. Central pressor effects induced by muscarinic receptor agonists: evidence for a predominant role of the M2 receptor subtype. Pazos, A., Wiederhold, K.H., Palacios, J.M. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  3. Muscarinic activity and receptor binding of the enantiomers of aceclidine and its methiodide. Ringdahl, B., Ehler, F.J., Jenden, D.J. Mol. Pharmacol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  4. The interaction of the enantiomers of aceclidine with subtypes of the muscarinic receptor. Ehlert, F.J., Griffin, M.T., Glidden, P.F. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1996) [Pubmed]
  5. Pharmacological management of night vision disturbances after refractive surgery Results of a randomized clinical trial. Randazzo, A., Nizzola, F., Rossetti, L., Orzalesi, N., Vinciguerra, P. Journal of cataract and refractive surgery. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Muscarinic contraction in isolated guinea-pig trachea and antagonism by noradrenaline. Walland, A., Hammer, R. Eur. Respir. J. (1997) [Pubmed]
  7. Inhibition of aceclidine-stimulated outflow facility, accommodation and miosis in rhesus monkeys by muscarinic receptor subtype antagonists. Gabelt, B.T., Kaufman, P.L. Exp. Eye Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
  8. Bioavailability of timolol and aceclidine after ocular instillation in the rabbit. Matera, M.G., Lampa, E., Imperatore, A., Berrino, L., Russo, F., Boldrini, E., Rossi, F. Res. Commun. Mol. Pathol. Pharmacol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  9. Ultrasonographic study of the effect of different miotics on the eye components. François, J., Goes, F. Ophthalmologica (1977) [Pubmed]
  10. Aceclidine effects on outflow facility after ciliary muscle disinsertion. Hubbard, W.C., Kee, C., Kaufman, P.L. Ophthalmologica (1996) [Pubmed]
  11. Ultrasonographic comparative study of the effect of pilocarpine and aceclidine on the eye components. François, J., Goes, F. Bibliotheca ophthalmologica : supplementa ad ophthalmologica. (1975) [Pubmed]
  12. Acquisition of conditioned facial reflexes in the cat: cortical control of different facial movements. Woody, C.D. Fed. Proc. (1982) [Pubmed]
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