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Chemical Compound Review

THULIUM     thulium

Synonyms: tulio, Thulium-169, AGN-PC-007WXJ, THULIUM 99.9%, AG-L-19288, ...
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Disease relevance of thulium


High impact information on thulium


Biological context of thulium

  • INTRODUCTION: The Thulium fiber laser may have several advantages over current urology lasers, including smaller size, more efficient operation, improved spatial beam quality, more precise tissue incision, and operation in pulsed or continuous-wave modes [2].
  • Scalp topography of ultralate (C-fibres) evoked potentials following thulium YAG laser stimuli to tiny skin surface areas in humans [8].

Anatomical context of thulium

  • STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: A continuous-wave, 110-W Thulium fiber laser operating at a wavelength of 1.91 microm, delivered 88.5+/-2.3 W of power through a 600-microm-core silica fiber for non-contact vaporization of canine prostates (n = 6) [2].
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 40 W thulium fiber laser operating at a wavelength of 1.94 microm delivered radiation in a continuous-wave or pulsed mode (10 msec) through either 300-microm- or 600-microm-core low-OH silica fibers for vaporization of canine prostate and incision of animal ureter and bladder-neck tissues [9].
  • In an early exploration of a new technique for creating a patent nasolacrimal duct system, a chromium-sensitized and thulium- and holmium-doped YAG laser was used to canalize the nasolacrimal duct of a fresh-frozen bisected human cadaver head [10].

Associations of thulium with other chemical compounds


Gene context of thulium

  • Three hundred six-channel whole-scalp magnetoencephalographic (MEG) and midline EEG signals were recorded from nine healthy adults during painful thulium laser stimulation [13].
  • METHODS: LEPs to thulium laser stimuli (3ms, 540 mJ, 5mm diameter) were recorded from 3 midline positions (Fz, Cz, Pz) in 20 patients with MS, and 6 patients with possible but unconfirmed MS [14].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of thulium


  1. Thulium fiber laser lithotripsy: an in vitro analysis of stone fragmentation using a modulated 110-watt Thulium fiber laser at 1.94 microm. Fried, N.M. Lasers in surgery and medicine. (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. High-power laser vaporization of the canine prostate using a 110 W Thulium fiber laser at 1.91 microm. Fried, N.M. Lasers in surgery and medicine. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. Office-based and microlaryngeal applications of a fiber-based thulium laser. Zeitels, S.M., Burns, J.A., Akst, L.M., Hillman, R.E., Broadhurst, M.S., Anderson, R.R. Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  4. NMR structure of the R-module: a parallel beta-roll subunit from an Azotobacter vinelandii mannuronan C-5 epimerase. Aachmann, F.L., Svanem, B.I., Güntert, P., Petersen, S.B., Valla, S., Wimmer, R. J. Biol. Chem. (2006) [Pubmed]
  5. Common cortical network for first and second pain. Forss, N., Raij, T.T., Seppä, M., Hari, R. Neuroimage (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Assignment strategy for fast relaxing signals: complete aminoacid identification in thulium substituted calbindin D 9K. Balayssac, S., Jiménez, B., Piccioli, M. J. Biomol. NMR (2006) [Pubmed]
  7. Thulium binding to the pancreatic beta-cell membrane. Flatt, P.R., Gylfe, E., Hellman, B. Endocrinology (1981) [Pubmed]
  8. Scalp topography of ultralate (C-fibres) evoked potentials following thulium YAG laser stimuli to tiny skin surface areas in humans. Opsommer, E., Weiss, T., Miltner, W.H., Plaghki, L. Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. (2001) [Pubmed]
  9. High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 microm. Fried, N.M., Murray, K.E. J. Endourol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. THC:YAG nasolacrimal duct recanalization. Silkiss, R.Z. Ophthalmic surgery. (1993) [Pubmed]
  11. Subconjunctival THC:YAG ("holmium") laser thermal sclerostomy ab externo. A one-year report. Iwach, A.G., Hoskins, H.D., Drake, M.V., Dickens, C.J. Ophthalmology (1993) [Pubmed]
  12. In vivo studies of cellular energy state, pH, and sodium in rat liver after thermal injury. Xia, Z.F., Horton, J.W., Zhao, P.Y., Bansal, N., Babcock, E.E., Sherry, A.D., Malloy, C.R. J. Appl. Physiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  13. Effects of interstimulus interval on cortical responses to painful laser stimulation. Raij, T.T., Vartiainen, N.V., Jousmäki, V., Hari, R. Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society. (2003) [Pubmed]
  14. Sensitivity of laser-evoked potentials versus somatosensory evoked potentials in patients with multiple sclerosis. Spiegel, J., Hansen, C., Baumgärtner, U., Hopf, H.C., Treede, R.D. Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. (2003) [Pubmed]
  15. Dynamic sodium chemical shift imaging for the study of aqueous humor flow. Weinberg, D.V., Kolodny, N.H., Kohler, S.J., Burr, T.A., Celi, A., D'Amico, D.J., Gragoudas, E.S. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. Subconjunctival THC:YAG laser thermal sclerostomy. Hoskins, H.D., Iwach, A.G., Vassiliadis, A., Drake, M.V., Hennings, D.R. Ophthalmology (1991) [Pubmed]
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