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Gene Review

HSPA5  -  heat shock 70kDa protein 5 (glucose...

Gallus gallus

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High impact information on HSPA5

  • Three luminal ER proteins whose sequence is known, grp78 ("BiP"), grp94, and protein disulphide isomerase, share the carboxy-terminal sequence Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu (KDEL) [1].
  • Conversely, a derivative of chicken lysozyme containing the last six amino acids of grp78 fails to be secreted and instead accumulates in the ER [1].
  • We show that deletion (or extension) of the carboxyl terminus of grp78 results in secretion of this protein when it is expressed in COS cells [1].
  • Binding to membrane proteins within the endoplasmic reticulum cannot explain the retention of the glucose-regulated protein GRP78 in Xenopus oocytes [2].
  • When the synthesis of radioactive GRP78 is confined to a polar (animal or vegetal) region of the oocyte and the subsequent movement across the oocyte monitored, we find that both full-length and truncated GRP78 move at similar rates and only slightly slower than a secretory protein, chick ovalbumin [2].

Biological context of HSPA5

  • Nucleotide sequence analysis indicated that R1H mRNA encodes 78-kilodalton glucose-regulated protein (GRP78) [3].
  • Chicken GRP78 was found to be very highly conserved in comparison with rat GRP78 (96% identity between chicken and rat amino acid sequences) [3].
  • Within the terminal cisternae BiP appeared not to be mixed with calsequestrin but to be distributed around the aggregates of the latter Ca2+ binding protein [4].

Anatomical context of HSPA5


Associations of HSPA5 with chemical compounds

  • When cells were grown in glucose-supplemented medium, the level of GRP78 mRNA was approximately fivefold higher in RSV-transformed CEF than in transformation-defective virus-infected or uninfected CEF [3].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of HSPA5

  • Analyses of purified SR subfractions, together with cryosection immunofluorescence and immunogold labeling, revealed BiP evenly distributed within the longitudinal SR and the terminal cisternae [4].
  • Western blots of SR fractions revealed the presence of BiP in fast- and slow-twitch muscles of the rabbit as well as in rat and chicken muscles [4].


  1. A C-terminal signal prevents secretion of luminal ER proteins. Munro, S., Pelham, H.R. Cell (1987) [Pubmed]
  2. Binding to membrane proteins within the endoplasmic reticulum cannot explain the retention of the glucose-regulated protein GRP78 in Xenopus oocytes. Ceriotti, A., Colman, A. EMBO J. (1988) [Pubmed]
  3. 78-kilodalton glucose-regulated protein is induced in Rous sarcoma virus-transformed cells independently of glucose deprivation. Stoeckle, M.Y., Sugano, S., Hampe, A., Vashistha, A., Pellman, D., Hanafusa, H. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  4. The endoplasmic reticulum-sarcoplasmic reticulum connection: distribution of endoplasmic reticulum markers in the sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal muscle fibers. Volpe, P., Villa, A., Podini, P., Martini, A., Nori, A., Panzeri, M.C., Meldolesi, J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1992) [Pubmed]
  5. Failure to make normal alpha ryanodine receptor is an early event associated with the crooked neck dwarf (cn) mutation in chicken. Airey, J.A., Baring, M.D., Beck, C.F., Chelliah, Y., Deerinck, T.J., Ellisman, M.H., Houenou, L.J., McKemy, D.D., Sutko, J.L., Talvenheimo, J. Dev. Dyn. (1993) [Pubmed]
  6. Properties and purification of a glucose-regulated protein from chick embryo fibroblasts. Shiu, R.P., Pastan, I.H. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1979) [Pubmed]
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