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Gene Review

PDE1C  -  phosphodiesterase 1C, calmodulin-dependent...

Homo sapiens

Synonyms: Calcium/calmodulin-dependent 3',5'-cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 1C, Cam-PDE 1C, Hcam3, cam-PDE 1C, hCam-3
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High impact information on PDE1C

  • In monkey, high expression of PDE1B was found, whereas PDE1C was not detected [1].
  • Here we report that a calmodulin-stimulated phosphodiesterase (PDE1C) is highly expressed in proliferating human arterial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in primary culture, but not in the quiescent SMCs of intact human aorta [1].
  • High levels of PDE1C were found in primary cultures of SMCs derived from explants of human newborn and adult aortas, and in SMCs cultured from severe atherosclerotic lesions [1].
  • Both PDE1C enzymes were inhibited by isobutylmethylxanthine, 8-methoxymethyl isobutylmethylxanthine, zaprinast, and vinpocetine [2].
  • Most evidence suggests that PDE3B is the most important in relation to the regulation of insulin release, although PDE1C could have a role [3].

Biological context of PDE1C

  • Reverse transcriptase-PCR analysis indicated that this was due to the down-regulation of the PDE1C isoform [4].
  • Here we report the differential regulation of low K(m) Ca2+-activated (PDE1C) and Ca2+-independent, rolipram-sensitive (PDE4) PDEs by protein phosphorylation in the neuroendocrine cell line AtT20 [5].
  • Thus, PDE1C expression is low in cultured human SMCs made quiescent by attaching to fibrillar collagen type I. After release from the fibrillar collagen, PDE1C expression is induced and associated with traverse through S-phase of the cell cycle [6].
  • In contrast, PDE1C mRNA accumulates during early meiotic prophase and throughout meiotic and postmeiotic stages [7].
  • Treatment with PDE1C-targeted small interference RNA enhanced cAMP accumulation and inhibited cellular proliferation to a greater extent in PHT PASMC than controls [8].

Anatomical context of PDE1C

  • Several studies have shown pancreatic islets or beta cells to contain PDE1C, PDE3B and PDE4, with some evidence for PDE10A [3].
  • Reverse transcriptase-PCR analyses, using degenerate primers able to detect the PDE1C isoform, did not amplify any fragment from RNA preparations of CHO cells expressing PDE1 activity, although they did so from the human thyroid carcinoma FTC133 cell line [9].
  • We examined the spatial and temporal expression profiles of three knownCaM-PDE genes, PDE1A, PDE1B, and PDE1C, in the testis [7].
  • In situ hybridization and immunofluorescent staining showed that both PDE1A and PDE1C are highly expressed but at different stages in developing germ cells [7].

Associations of PDE1C with chemical compounds

  • Calyculin A, an inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 and 2 A, stimulated PDE4 and enhanced the inhibitory effect of CPT-cAMP on PDE1C [5].

Other interactions of PDE1C

  • Together, these data show reciprocal regulation of PDE1C and PDE4D by PKA, which represents a novel scheme for plasticity in intracellular signalling [5].
  • This mirrored the enzymatic activity of both PDE5 and PDE1C [10].
  • All of the 4 expressed isoforms of PDE (PDE1C, PDE2, PDE 4A, and PDE4B) were increased in mRNA expression; the levels of PKA RIalpha, RIbeta, and RIIbeta were increased moderately, however, those of RIIalpha and Calpha were increased remarkably [11].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of PDE1C

  • More importantly, the observation that PDE1C is induced only in proliferating SMCs suggests that it may be both an indicator of proliferation and a possible target for treatment of atherosclerosis or restenosis after angioplasty, conditions in which proliferation of arterial SMCs is negatively modulated by cyclic nucleotides [1].


  1. Calmodulin-stimulated cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE1C) is induced in human arterial smooth muscle cells of the synthetic, proliferative phenotype. Rybalkin, S.D., Bornfeldt, K.E., Sonnenburg, W.K., Rybalkina, I.G., Kwak, K.S., Hanson, K., Krebs, E.G., Beavo, J.A. J. Clin. Invest. (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. Isolation and characterization of cDNAs corresponding to two human calcium, calmodulin-regulated, 3',5'-cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases. Loughney, K., Martins, T.J., Harris, E.A., Sadhu, K., Hicks, J.B., Sonnenburg, W.K., Beavo, J.A., Ferguson, K. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
  3. Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases in pancreatic islets. Pyne, N.J., Furman, B.L. Diabetologia (2003) [Pubmed]
  4. Intracellular localization of the PDE4A cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase splice variant RD1 (RNPDE4A1A) in stably transfected human thyroid carcinoma FTC cell lines. Pooley, L., Shakur, Y., Rena, G., Houslay, M.D. Biochem. J. (1997) [Pubmed]
  5. Reciprocal regulation of calcium dependent and calcium independent cyclic AMP hydrolysis by protein phosphorylation. Ang, K.L., Antoni, F.A. J. Neurochem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  6. Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 1C promotes human arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation. Rybalkin, S.D., Rybalkina, I., Beavo, J.A., Bornfeldt, K.E. Circ. Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  7. Stage and cell-specific expression of calmodulin-dependent phosphodiesterases in mouse testis. Yan, C., Zhao, A.Z., Sonnenburg, W.K., Beavo, J.A. Biol. Reprod. (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. Expression and activity of cAMP phosphodiesterase isoforms in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells from patients with pulmonary hypertension: role for PDE1. Murray, F., Patel, H.H., Suda, R.Y., Zhang, S., Thistlethwaite, P.A., Yuan, J.X., Insel, P.A. Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. (2007) [Pubmed]
  9. Receptor-mediated stimulation of lipid signalling pathways in CHO cells elicits the rapid transient induction of the PDE1B isoform of Ca2+/calmodulin-stimulated cAMP phosphodiesterase. Spence, S., Rena, G., Sullivan, M., Erdogan, S., Houslay, M.D. Biochem. J. (1997) [Pubmed]
  10. Subcellular localization and regulation of type-1C and type-5 phosphodiesterases. Dolci, S., Belmonte, A., Santone, R., Giorgi, M., Pellegrini, M., Carosa, E., Piccione, E., Lenzi, A., Jannini, E.A. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2006) [Pubmed]
  11. Adaptation of cAMP signaling system in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells following expression of a constitutively active stimulatory G protein alpha, Q227L Gsalpha. Jang, I.S., Juhnn, Y.S. Exp. Mol. Med. (2001) [Pubmed]
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