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MeSH Review

Paternal Behavior

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  • To test this hypothesis we implanted male dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis) with testosterone-filled or empty implants and measured T and PRL levels, paternal behavior, and specific binding of radio-labeled PRL at selected brain regions that have been implicated in the mediation of parental behaviors [13].
  • Overall, we found that aromatase activity and P(4) levels change in association with an important life history transition, and may provide a mechanistic basis for plasticity in paternal behavior [11].
  • These data suggest, contrary to other reports, that prolactin is a likely correlate of paternal behavior in rodents [14].
  • The authors discuss AVP as a possible mechanism by which early experience shapes adult paternal behavior [9].


  1. Inhibition of infanticide in male Swiss mice: behavioral polymorphism in response to multiple mediating factors. Palanza, P., Parmigiani, S. Physiol. Behav. (1991) [Pubmed]
  2. Maternal behavior, paternal behavior, and pup survival in CD-1 albino mice (Mus musculus) in three different housing conditions. Wright, S.L., Brown, R.E. Journal of comparative psychology (Washington, D.C. : 1983) (2000) [Pubmed]
  3. Elevated 11-ketotestosterone during paternal behavior in the Bluebanded goby (Lythrypnus dalli). Rodgers, E.W., Earley, R.L., Grober, M.S. Hormones and behavior. (2006) [Pubmed]
  4. Dopamine agonist treatment before and after the birth reduces prolactin concentration but does not impair paternal responsiveness in Djungarian hamsters, Phodopus campbelli. Brooks, P.L., Vella, E.T., Wynne-Edwards, K.E. Hormones and behavior. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Castration reduces male testosterone, estradiol, and territorial aggression, but not paternal behavior in biparental dwarf hamsters (Phodopus campbelli). Hume, J.M., Wynne-Edwards, K.E. Hormones and behavior. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Estradiol and progesterone in paternal and non-paternal hamsters (Phodopus) becoming fathers: conflict with hypothesized roles. Schum, J.E., Wynne-Edwards, K.E. Hormones and behavior. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. The role of androgens in the trade-off between territorial and parental behavior in the Azorean rock-pool blenny, Parablennius parvicornis. Ros, A.F., Bruintjes, R., Santos, R.S., Canario, A.V., Oliveira, R.F. Hormones and behavior. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Testosterone, paternal behavior, and aggression in the monogamous California mouse (Peromyscus californicus). Trainor, B.C., Marler, C.A. Hormones and behavior. (2001) [Pubmed]
  9. Vasopressin and the transmission of paternal behavior across generations in mated, cross-fostered Peromyscus mice. Bester-Meredith, J.K., Marler, C.A. Behav. Neurosci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  10. Salivary hormone concentrations in mothers and fathers becoming parents are not correlated. Berg, S.J., Wynne-Edwards, K.E. Hormones and behavior. (2002) [Pubmed]
  11. Variation in aromatase activity in the medial preoptic area and plasma progesterone is associated with the onset of paternal behavior. Trainor, B.C., Bird, I.M., Alday, N.A., Schlinger, B.A., Marler, C.A. Neuroendocrinology (2003) [Pubmed]
  12. Hormonal changes in males of a naturally biparental and a uniparental mammal. Reburn, C.J., Wynne-Edwards, K.E. Hormones and behavior. (1999) [Pubmed]
  13. The effect of exogenous testosterone on parental behavior, plasma prolactin, and prolactin binding sites in dark-eyed juncos. Schoech, S.J., Ketterson, E.D., Nolan, V., Sharp, P.J., Buntin, J.D. Hormones and behavior. (1998) [Pubmed]
  14. Prolactin and paternal behavior in the biparental California mouse, Peromyscus californicus. Gubernick, D.J., Nelson, R.J. Hormones and behavior. (1989) [Pubmed]
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