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Disease relevance of Glugea

  • Preliminary results show the variability of the antigenic profiles obtained from the sera of immunodeficient patients infected with E. bieneusi and also of the cross-reactivity to Glugea sp. antigens of some sera from patients with cryptosporidiosis [1].

High impact information on Glugea


Biological context of Glugea

  • Complete nucleotide sequences of the genes putatively encoding translation elongation factors 1 alpha (EF-1 alpha) and 2 (EF-2) from a mitochondrion-lacking protozoan, Glugea plecoglossi, that belongs to microsporidians were determined [7].

Anatomical context of Glugea


Associations of Glugea with chemical compounds

  • Polar tube proteins were separated from the majority of other proteins in glass bead disrupted spores of Glugea americanus using sequential 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and 9M urea extractions [9].

Gene context of Glugea


  1. Use of cross-reactive antigens of the microsporidian Glugea atherinae for the possible detection of Enterocytozoon bieneusi by western blot. Ombrouck, C., Romestand, B., da Costa, J.M., Desportes-Livage, I., Datry, A., Coste, F., Bouix, G., Gentilini, M. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (1995) [Pubmed]
  2. The microsporidian spore invasion tube. III. Tube extrusion and assembly. Weidner, E. J. Cell Biol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  3. Fatty acid composition of four microsporidian species compared to that of their host fishes. Biderre, C., Babin, F., Vivares, C.P. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  4. Treatment of fish parasites. 11. Effects of different benzimidazole derivatives (albendazole, mebendazole, fenbendazole) on Glugea anomala, Moniez, 1887 (Microsporidia): ultrastructural aspects and efficacy studies. Schmahl, G., Benini, J. Parasitol. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
  5. Respiratory burst assay of head kidney macrophages of ayu, Plecoglossus altivelis, stimulated with Glugea plecoglossi (Protozoa: Microspora) spores. Kim, J.H., Ogawa, K., Wakabayashi, H. J. Parasitol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  6. Polar tube formation and nucleoside diphosphatase activity in the microsporidian, Glugea stephani. Takvorian, P.M., Cali, A. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. Complete nucleotide sequences of the genes encoding translation elongation factors 1 alpha and 2 from a microsporidian parasite, Glugea plecoglossi: implications for the deepest branching of eukaryotes. Kamaishi, T., Hashimoto, T., Nakamura, Y., Masuda, Y., Nakamura, F., Okamoto, K., Shimizu, M., Hasegawa, M. J. Biochem. (1996) [Pubmed]
  8. Transmission electron microscopic studies on the effects of toltrazuril on Glugea anomala, Moniez, 1887 (Microsporidia) infecting the three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus. Schmahl, G., el Toukhy, A., Ghaffar, F.A. Parasitol. Res. (1990) [Pubmed]
  9. Identification of a microsporidian polar tube protein reactive monoclonal antibody. Keohane, E.M., Takvorian, P.M., Cali, A., Tanowitz, H.B., Wittner, M., Weiss, L.M. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  10. Enzyme histochemical identification of the Golgi apparatus in the microsporidian, Glugea stephani. Takvorian, P.M., Cali, A. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
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