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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning and expression of the Caenorhabditis elegans klp-3, an ortholog of C terminus motor kinesins Kar3 and ncd.

Common to all eukaryotes, kinesins are cytoskeletal motor proteins that mediate intracellular transport on microtubule tracks, using ATP hydrolysis. A Caenorhabditis elegans cDNA clone corresponding to the klp-3 gene, encoding a novel kinesin, was isolated, and mapped on LGII. Northern blot analysis using the klp-3 cDNA probe reveals a 1.9 kb mRNA that is transcribed at a low level during development. Temporal and spatial expression of the klp-3::lacZ fusion gene is limited to the marginal cells in the pharynx, and a group of muscle cells in the posterior gut region. The nucleotide sequence of klp-3 has been deduced from the cDNA and nematode genome sequencing consortium data. Conceptual translation of the klp-3 gene reveals a kinesin-like protein with its conserved motor domain containing the ATP binding and microtubule binding sites located in the C terminus. KLP-3 shares extensive homology with the yeast Kar3 and Drosophila ncd kinesins, which have previously been shown to mediate chromosomal movement and segregation during meiosis and mitosis. Overexpression of the klp-3 gene partially rescues the lethal phenotype of the maternal lethal him-14 ts(it44) mutants at non-permissive temperatures, and reduces the incidence of males caused by non-disjunction of the X-chromosome. Similarly, expression of a klp-3 antisense RNA, under the control of a heat shock promoter, causes embryonic arrest, dead eggs and polyploid cells in transgenic lines, suggesting a critical role for the klp-3 function in chromosome segregation. Further analysis of the klp-3 gene in C. elegans may elucidate diverse functions of the C terminus mitotic motor proteins during development.[1]


  1. Molecular cloning and expression of the Caenorhabditis elegans klp-3, an ortholog of C terminus motor kinesins Kar3 and ncd. Khan, M.L., Gogonea, C.B., Siddiqui, Z.K., Ali, M.Y., Kikuno, R., Nishikawa, K., Siddiqui, S.S. J. Mol. Biol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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