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Chemical Compound Review

LS-91654     aluminum; dihydroxy-oxo-silane; sodium

Synonyms: AC1O3S6I, 12445-20-4, Mordenite (AlNaH6(SiO3)5), aluminum; dihydroxy(oxo)silane; sodium
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Disease relevance of Mordenite

  • Erionite and mordenite, two mineral aluminosilicates (zeolites) with different toxicities, can be used as models to help understand asbestos toxicity [1].

High impact information on Mordenite

  • A theoretical study of the alkylation reaction of toluene with methanol catalyzed by acidic mordenite [2].
  • No iron is typically present in erionite or mordenite, but because of their ion-exchange properties they can acquire iron after inhalation [1].
  • In this study the uptake performances of the naturally occurring zeolite, clinoptilolite, and of New Zealand mordenite are compared [3].
  • Aluminum species in several dealuminated zeolites (ultrastable HY, HZSM-5 and mordenite) were investigated in detail by means of the newly introduced 1H/27Al TRAPDOR method in combination with 27Al MAS NMR, and the quadrupole coupling constants (Q[CC]s) for aluminum atoms associated with these species were obtained [4].
  • It is shown conclusively that mordenite can reduce the uptake of radio-caesium by goats and lambs, and also, without changing the fodder, reduce their body burden [5].

Biological context of Mordenite


Anatomical context of Mordenite


Associations of Mordenite with other chemical compounds

  • The cytotoxicity of four tumorigenic minerals: erionite(w), erionite(c), UICC crocidolite, UICC chrysotile and nontumorigenic mordenite was compared in Chinese hamster lung V79 cells [8].
  • A more detailed investigation of the squaric acid aggregate within mordenite was undertaken with the use of Raman spectroscopy [9].
  • A periodic density functional theory study of the alkylation of benzene with propene in proton-exchanged mordenite has been achieved [10].
  • Polarization of ethane and propane resulting from adsorption of these hydrocarbons by protons and different cations in mordenite, ZSM-5, and Y zeolites was studied by diffuse reflection Fourier transform IR spectroscopy (DRIFTS) [11].
  • To determine whether O2- was elicited in response to a variety of asbestiform fibres, AM lavaged from Fischer 344 rat lungs were exposed in vitro to equivalent non-toxic amounts of crocidolite asbestos, erionite, Code 100 fibreglass, sepiolite, and their non-fibrous analogues, riebeckite, mordenite and glass particles [12].


  1. Fenten chemistry of Fe(III)-exchanged zeolitic minerals treated with antioxidants. Ruda, T.A., Dutta, P.K. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. A theoretical study of the alkylation reaction of toluene with methanol catalyzed by acidic mordenite. Vos, A.M., Rozanska, X., Schoonheydt, R.A., van Santen, R.A., Hutschka, F., Hafner, J. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. Comparison of the ion exchange uptake of ammonium ion onto New Zealand clinoptilolite and mordenite. Weatherley, L.R., Miladinovic, N.D. Water Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. 1H/27Al TRAPDOR NMR studies on aluminum species in dealuminated zeolites. Deng, F., Yue, Y., Ye, C. Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance. (1998) [Pubmed]
  5. Can zeolites decrease the uptake and accelerate the excretion of radio-caesium in ruminants? Forberg, S., Jones, B., Westermark, T. Sci. Total Environ. (1989) [Pubmed]
  6. A density functional theory study of molecular and dissociative adsorption of H2 on active sites in mordenite. Benco, L., Bucko, T., Hafner, J., Toulhoat, H. The journal of physical chemistry. B, Condensed matter, materials, surfaces, interfaces & biophysical. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. The effect of iron on the biological activities of erionite and mordenite. Fach, E., Kristovich, R., Long, J.F., Waldman, W.J., Dutta, P.K., Williams, M.V. Environment international. (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. Significance of mass and number of fibers in the correlation of V79 cytotoxicity with tumorigenic potential of mineral fibers. Palekar, L.D., Most, B.M., Coffin, D.L. Environmental research. (1988) [Pubmed]
  9. The squaric acid aggregate in mordenite investigated by Raman spectroscopy. Lopes, J.G., de Oliveira, L.F., Santos, P.S. Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy. (2001) [Pubmed]
  10. A periodic density functional theory study of cumene formation catalyzed by H-mordenite. Rozanska, X., Barbosa, L.A., van Santen, R.A. The journal of physical chemistry. B, Condensed matter, materials, surfaces, interfaces & biophysical. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Intensities of C-H IR stretching bands of ethane and propane adsorbed by zeolites as a new spectral criterion of their chemical activation via polarization resulting from stretching of chemical bonds. Kazansky, V.B., Subbotina, I.R., Jentoft, F.C., Schlögl, R. The journal of physical chemistry. B, Condensed matter, materials, surfaces, interfaces & biophysical. (2006) [Pubmed]
  12. Mechanisms of fibre-induced superoxide release from alveolar macrophages and induction of superoxide dismutase in the lungs of rats inhaling crocidolite. Mossman, B.T., Hansen, K., Marsh, J.P., Brew, M.E., Hill, S., Bergeron, M., Petruska, J. IARC Sci. Publ. (1989) [Pubmed]
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