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Chemical Compound Review

Rhodoquinone     2-amino-5-[ (2E,6E,10E,14E,18E,22E,26E,30E ...

Synonyms: SureCN932613, CPD-9613, AC1O5V25, 5591-74-2, rhodoquinone-10, ...
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Disease relevance of Rhodoquinone


High impact information on Rhodoquinone


Chemical compound and disease context of Rhodoquinone


Anatomical context of Rhodoquinone


Associations of Rhodoquinone with other chemical compounds

  • This review will focus on some biochemical and evolutionary aspects of these fermentative mitochondria, with special attention to fumarate reductase, the synthesis of the rhodoquinone involved, and the enzymes involved in acetate production (acetate : succinate CoA-transferase and succinyl CoA-synthetase) [10].
  • Conceivably, the oxidation-reduction sites of ubiquinone-10, rhodoquinone and POC-170 partly, if not all, exist on the surface of chromatophore membrane or project outside the membrane, because of their accessibility to the polarographic electrode [8].

Gene context of Rhodoquinone

  • The results clearly indicate the unique role of Ascaris complex II as fumarate reductase and the indispensability of rhodoquinone as the low-potential electron carrier in the NADH-fumarate reductase system [11].


  1. Photooxidase system of Rhodospirillum rubrum III. The role of rhodoquinone and ubiquinone in the activity of preparations of chromatophores and photoreaction centers. Gimenez-Gallego, G., Ramírez-Ponce, M.P., Lauzurica, P., Ramírez, J.M. Eur. J. Biochem. (1982) [Pubmed]
  2. Isoprenoid quinones and fatty acids of Zoogloea. Hiraishi, A., Shin, Y.K., Sugiyama, J., Komagata, K. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek (1992) [Pubmed]
  3. Euglena gracilis rhodoquinone:ubiquinone ratio and mitochondrial proteome differ under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Hoffmeister, M., van der Klei, A., Rotte, C., van Grinsven, K.W., van Hellemond, J.J., Henze, K., Tielens, A.G., Martin, W. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Rhodoquinone and complex II of the electron transport chain in anaerobically functioning eukaryotes. Van Hellemond, J.J., Klockiewicz, M., Gaasenbeek, C.P., Roos, M.H., Tielens, A.G. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
  5. Purification and characterization of electron-transfer flavoprotein: rhodoquinone oxidoreductase from anaerobic mitochondria of the adult parasitic nematode, Ascaris suum. Ma, Y.C., Funk, M., Dunham, W.R., Komuniecki, R. J. Biol. Chem. (1993) [Pubmed]
  6. Free-living nematodes Caenorhabditis elegans possess in their mitochondria an additional rhodoquinone, an essential component of the eukaryotic fumarate reductase system. Takamiya, S., Matsui, T., Taka, H., Murayama, K., Matsuda, M., Aoki, T. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (1999) [Pubmed]
  7. Schistosoma mansoni sporocysts contain rhodoquinone and produce succinate by fumarate reduction. Van Hellemond, J.J., Van Remoortere, A., Tielens, A.G. Parasitology (1997) [Pubmed]
  8. Polarographic studies on ubiquinone-10 and rhodoquinone bound with chromatophores from Rhodospirillum rubrum. Erabi, T., Higuti, T., Kakuno, T., Yamashita, J., Tanaka, M., Horio, T. J. Biochem. (1975) [Pubmed]
  9. Rhodoquinone requirement of the Hymenolepis diminuta mitochondrial electron transport system. Fioravanti, C.F., Kim, Y. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  10. Biochemical and evolutionary aspects of anaerobically functioning mitochondria. van Hellemond, J.J., van der Klei, A., van Weelden, S.W., Tielens, A.G. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  11. Electron-transfer complexes of Ascaris suum muscle mitochondria. III. Composition and fumarate reductase activity of complex II. Kita, K., Takamiya, S., Furushima, R., Ma, Y.C., Suzuki, H., Ozawa, T., Oya, H. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1988) [Pubmed]
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