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Gene Review

VPS45  -  vacuolar protein sorting 45 homolog (S....

Homo sapiens

Synonyms: H1, H1VPS45, SCN5, VPS45A, VPS45B, ...
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Disease relevance of VPS45

  • The replication of viral genomes and the production of recombinant viral vectors from infectious molecular clones of parvoviruses MVMp and H1 were greatly improved by the introduction of a consensus NS-1 nick site at the junction between the left-hand viral terminus and the plasmid DNA [1].
  • Therefore, in this study, we re-established the pRb-modulating function of RBP2-H1 in highly metastatic A375-SM melanoma cells by re-expressing its C-term (cRBP2-H1) [2].
  • Overproduction, purification, and biochemical characterization of the dual specificity H1 protein phosphatase encoded by variola major virus [3].

High impact information on VPS45

  • Loss of linker histone H1 in cellular senescence [4].
  • It is known that histone H1 and HMG proteins compete for a common binding site, the linker DNA [4].
  • Rabenosyn-5, a novel Rab5 effector, is complexed with hVPS45 and recruited to endosomes through a FYVE finger domain [5].
  • In comparison with whole cell activity, cortical H1 kinase activity is delayed, with maximum levels in cortices prepared from late anaphase/telophase embryos [6].
  • An H1 kinase related to cdc2 cofractionates with both complexes [7].

Biological context of VPS45

  • Binding of IP(3) to the IP(3)Rs dissociates the interaction between IP(3)Rs and H1 but not between H1 and TRPC3 to form IP(3)Rs-TRPC3-H1b/c. TIRFM and biotinylation assays show robust receptor- and store-dependent translocation of the TRPC3 to the PM and their retrieval upon termination of cell stimulation [8].
  • Nocodazole, which inhibits microtubule formation and thus blocks cytokinesis, significantly delays the time of peak cortical protein phosphorylation as well as the peak in whole-cell histone H1 kinase activity [9].
  • Indeed, the production of H1 viral vectors by cotransfection of recombinant clones and helper plasmids providing the structural proteins (VPs) in trans, drastically decreased when more than 800 bp was removed from the VP transcription unit [1].
  • Progressive deletions of up to 1600 bp in the region encoding the structural genes as well as insertions of foreign DNA in replacement of those sequences did not appreciably affect the replication ability of the recombinant H1 virus genomes [1].

Anatomical context of VPS45

  • There is a second set of genes, consisting of 39 genes, containing two histone H1 genes, 34 genes encoding core histone proteins (H2a, H2b, H3 and H4) and three genes expressed only in the testis [10].

Other interactions of VPS45


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of VPS45

  • Here, we report the molecular cloning, overproduction, purification, and initial biochemical characterization of H1 phosphatase, thereby paving the way for the discovery of small molecule inhibitors [3].


  1. cis requirements for the efficient production of recombinant DNA vectors based on autonomous parvoviruses. Kestler, J., Neeb, B., Struyf, S., Van Damme, J., Cotmore, S.F., D'Abramo, A., Tattersall, P., Rommelaere, J., Dinsart, C., Cornelis, J.J. Hum. Gene Ther. (1999) [Pubmed]
  2. Re-expression of the retinoblastoma-binding protein 2-homolog 1 reveals tumor-suppressive functions in highly metastatic melanoma cells. Roesch, A., Becker, B., Schneider-Brachert, W., Hagen, I., Landthaler, M., Vogt, T. J. Invest. Dermatol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  3. Overproduction, purification, and biochemical characterization of the dual specificity H1 protein phosphatase encoded by variola major virus. Tropea, J.E., Phan, J., Waugh, D.S. Protein Expr. Purif. (2006) [Pubmed]
  4. Loss of linker histone H1 in cellular senescence. Funayama, R., Saito, M., Tanobe, H., Ishikawa, F. J. Cell Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  5. Rabenosyn-5, a novel Rab5 effector, is complexed with hVPS45 and recruited to endosomes through a FYVE finger domain. Nielsen, E., Christoforidis, S., Uttenweiler-Joseph, S., Miaczynska, M., Dewitte, F., Wilm, M., Hoflack, B., Zerial, M. J. Cell Biol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. Parameters that specify the timing of cytokinesis. Shuster, C.B., Burgess, D.R. J. Cell Biol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  7. Thymidine kinase transcription is regulated at G1/S phase by a complex that contains retinoblastoma-like protein and a cdc2 kinase. Dou, Q.P., Markell, P.J., Pardee, A.B. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1992) [Pubmed]
  8. Homer 1 Mediates Store- and Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptor-dependent Translocation and Retrieval of TRPC3 to the Plasma Membrane. Kim, J.Y., Zeng, W., Kiselyov, K., Yuan, J.P., Dehoff, M.H., Mikoshiba, K., Worley, P.F., Muallem, S. J. Biol. Chem. (2006) [Pubmed]
  9. Microtubule-entrained kinase activities associated with the cortical cytoskeleton during cytokinesis. Walker, G.R., Shuster, C.B., Burgess, D.R. J. Cell. Sci. (1997) [Pubmed]
  10. The sea urchin histone gene complement. Marzluff, W.F., Sakallah, S., Kelkar, H. Dev. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  11. Trans-Golgi network syntaxin 10 functions distinctly from syntaxins 6 and 16. Wang, Y., Tai, G., Lu, L., Johannes, L., Hong, W., Luen Tang, B. Mol. Membr. Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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