The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)



Gene Review

Pros1  -  protein S (alpha)

Mus musculus

Synonyms: AW214361, Pros, Vitamin K-dependent protein S, protein S
Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Pros1


High impact information on Pros1

  • In contrast to the other vitamin K-dependent plasma proteins, the carboxyl-terminal part of protein S is not homologous to the serine proteases [4].
  • Protein S consists of 634 amino acids in a single polypeptide chain and has one asparagine-linked carbohydrate side chain [4].
  • However, the surface protein S of both viruses was retained in the endoplasmic reticulum at the nonpermissive temperature [5].
  • More specifically, considerable amounts of PS mRNA and antigen were expressed in a cultured mouse cardiomyocyte cell line, and again, treatment with IL-1 decreased the PS expression in these cells [6].
  • We further investigated the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and interleukin-1 (IL-1) on the PS mRNA expression in murine tissues in vivo [6].

Biological context of Pros1


Anatomical context of Pros1


Associations of Pros1 with chemical compounds


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Pros1

  • Structure of mouse protein S as determined by PCR amplification and DNA sequencing of cDNA [7].


  1. Immunogenic peptide comprising a mouse hepatitis virus A59 B-cell epitope and an influenza virus T-cell epitope protects against lethal infection. Koolen, M.J., Borst, M.A., Horzinek, M.C., Spaan, W.J. J. Virol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  2. Coronavirus-induced encephalomyelitis: balance between protection and immune pathology depends on the immunization schedule with spike protein S. Flory, E., Stühler, A., Barac-Latas, V., Lassmann, H., Wege, H. J. Gen. Virol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  3. Tyro 3 receptor tyrosine kinase and its ligand, Gas6, stimulate the function of osteoclasts. Nakamura, Y.S., Hakeda, Y., Takakura, N., Kameda, T., Hamaguchi, I., Miyamoto, T., Kakudo, S., Nakano, T., Kumegawa, M., Suda, T. Stem Cells (1998) [Pubmed]
  4. Primary structure of bovine vitamin K-dependent protein S. Dahlbäck, B., Lundwall, A., Stenflo, J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1986) [Pubmed]
  5. Characterization of two temperature-sensitive mutants of coronavirus mouse hepatitis virus strain A59 with maturation defects in the spike protein. Luytjes, W., Gerritsma, H., Bos, E., Spaan, W. J. Virol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  6. Expression of protein S in the murine heart and cultured mouse cardiomyocytes is down-regulated by cytokines. Shimokawa, T., Yamamoto, K., Yamafuji, E., Kojima, T., Saito, H. Thromb. Haemost. (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. Structure of mouse protein S as determined by PCR amplification and DNA sequencing of cDNA. Lu, D., Schmidel, D.K., Long, G.L. Thromb. Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
  8. Cloning and sequencing of a cDNA encoding the murine vitamin K-dependent protein S. Chu, M.D., Sun, J., Bird, P. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1994) [Pubmed]
  9. Both protein S and Gas6 stimulate outer segment phagocytosis by cultured rat retinal pigment epithelial cells. Hall, M.O., Obin, M.S., Heeb, M.J., Burgess, B.L., Abrams, T.A. Exp. Eye Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. TNF as a mediator of cardiac transplant rejection, including effects on the intragraft protein C/protein S/thrombomodulin pathway. Hancock, W.W., Tanaka, K., Salem, H.H., Tilney, N.L., Atkins, R.C., Kupiec-Weglinski, J.W. Transplant. Proc. (1991) [Pubmed]
  11. Cross-linking of protein S bound to lymphocytes promotes aggregation and inhibits proliferation. Smiley, S.T., Stitt, T.N., Grusby, M.J. Cell. Immunol. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities