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Gene Review

Cgn  -  cingulin

Mus musculus

Synonyms: 6330408J11Rik, AI647528, AI987749, Cingulin, Kiaa1319
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Disease relevance of Cgn

  • Firstly, infected I110(tm/Cgn) mice developed a severe, hyperplastic gastritis, indicating that interleukin-10 is an important regulator of the inflammatory response to H. pylori [1].

High impact information on Cgn

  • We have shown previously that individual components of the tight junction assemble in a temporal sequence, with membrane assembly of the cytoplasmic plaque protein ZO-1 occurring 12 hours before that of cingulin [2].
  • Localisation of tight junction protein cingulin is temporally and spatially regulated during early mouse development [3].
  • Cingulin synthesis is also tissue-specific in blastocysts, being up-regulated in trophectoderm and down-regulated in the inner cell mass [4].
  • Cingulin assembly at the tight junction is sensitive to cycloheximide and is identifiable approx. 10 hours after cell adhesion is initiated and ZO-1 protein assembles [3].
  • Taken together, the results suggest that (i) cingulin may have a role during oogenesis and (ii) cell-cell contact patterns regulate cingulin biosynthesis during early morphogenesis, contributing to lineage-specific epithelial maturation [4].

Biological context of Cgn

  • Embryo manipulation experiments indicate that cortical cingulin is labile and dependent upon cell interactions and therefore is not merely an inheritance from the egg [3].
  • These results indicate that cingulin is expressed by both maternal and embryonic genomes [4].
  • Collectively, our results indicate that (i) cingulin from nonjunctional sites does not contribute to tight junction assembly and (ii) the molecular maturation of the junction appears to occur progressively over at least two cell cycles [3].
  • Disruption of the cingulin gene does not prevent tight junction formation but alters gene expression [5].
  • To determine whether lack of junctional cingulin affects tight-junction organization and function, we examined the phenotype of embryoid bodies derived from embryonic stem cells carrying one or two alleles of cingulin with a targeted deletion of the exon coding for most of the predicted head domain [5].

Anatomical context of Cgn

  • The molecular maturation of the tight junction in the mouse early embryo has been investigated by monitoring the distribution of cingulin, a 140 x 10(3) M(r) peripheral (cytoplasmic) membrane constituent of the junction, at different stages of development and in different experimental situations [3].
  • Cingulin is detectable at the tight junction site between blastomeres usually from the 16-cell stage, although earlier assembly occurs in a minority (up to 20%) of specimens [3].
  • The appearance of these foci is insensitive to cycloheximide treatment and they colocalise with apically derived endocytic vesicles visualised by FITC-dextran, indicating that the foci represent the degradation of cytocortical cingulin by endocytic turnover [3].
  • Although tight junction formation does not begin until compaction at the 8-cell stage, cingulin is detectable in oocytes and all stages of cleavage, a factor consistent with our biochemical analysis of cingulin expression (Javed et al., 1992, Development 117, 1145-1151) [3].
  • The localization of ZO-1, occludin and claudin-6 appeared normal in mutant epithelial cells, indicating that cingulin is not required for their junctional recruitment [5].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Cgn


  1. Differential susceptibility of inbred mouse strains to Helicobacter pylori infection. Mähler, M., Janke, C., Wagner, S., Hedrich, H.J. Scand. J. Gastroenterol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  2. Tight junction assembly during mouse blastocyst formation is regulated by late expression of ZO-1 alpha+ isoform. Sheth, B., Fesenko, I., Collins, J.E., Moran, B., Wild, A.E., Anderson, J.M., Fleming, T.P. Development (1997) [Pubmed]
  3. Localisation of tight junction protein cingulin is temporally and spatially regulated during early mouse development. Fleming, T.P., Hay, M., Javed, Q., Citi, S. Development (1993) [Pubmed]
  4. Tight junction protein cingulin is expressed by maternal and embryonic genomes during early mouse development. Javed, Q., Fleming, T.P., Hay, M., Citi, S. Development (1993) [Pubmed]
  5. Disruption of the cingulin gene does not prevent tight junction formation but alters gene expression. Guillemot, L., Hammar, E., Kaister, C., Ritz, J., Caille, D., Jond, L., Bauer, C., Meda, P., Citi, S. J. Cell. Sci. (2004) [Pubmed]
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