The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)



Gene Review

PEX5  -  Pex5p

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: PAS10, PTS1 receptor, PTS1R, Peroxin-5, Peroxisomal protein PAS10, ...
Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

High impact information on PEX5

  • Pex14p also interacts with two other membrane-bound peroxins including Pex13p, another binding protein for the PTS1 receptor [1].
  • Phenotypic analysis of PEX1-deficient cells revealed severe defects in peroxisomal matrix protein import and destabilization of PEX5, the receptor for the type-1 peroxisomal targetting signal, even though peroxisomes were present in these cells and capable of importing peroxisomal membrane proteins [2].
  • Mutations in the PTS1 receptor gene, PXR1, define complementation group 2 of the peroxisome biogenesis disorders [3].
  • Two cytosolic import receptors, Pex5p and Pex7p, along with approximately 12 membrane-bound peroxins participate in this process [4].
  • While the function of most small signaling domains is confined to binary ligand interactions, the peroxisomal Pex13p SH3 domain has the unique capacity of binding to two different ligands, Pex5p and Pex14p [5].

Biological context of PEX5


Anatomical context of PEX5

  • PHA synthesis was found to be dependent on the presence of both the enzymes generating the beta-oxidation intermediate 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A (3-hydroxyacyl-[CoA]) and the peroxin-encoding PEX5 gene, demonstrating the requirement for a functional peroxisome and a beta-oxidation cycle for PHA synthesis [10].
  • Functional role of the AAA peroxins in dislocation of the cycling PTS1 receptor back to the cytosol [11].
  • Peroxisome targeting signal type 1 (PTS1) receptor is involved in import of both PTS1 and PTS2: studies with PEX5-defective CHO cell mutants [12].
  • Transformation of the Hansenula polymorpha peroxisome deficient pex5 mutant with watermelon PEX5 resulted in restoration of peroxisome formation and the synthesis of additional membranes surrounding the peroxisomes [13].
  • The interaction between the PTS1 signal and its cognate receptor Pex5 initiates the major import mechanism for proteins into the matrix of these organelles [14].

Associations of PEX5 with chemical compounds

  • In peptides interacting with the human protein, hydrophobic residues were found with high frequency especially at positions -2 and -5, whereas peptides interacting with S. cerevisiae Pex5p were more hydrophilic and frequently contained arginine at position -2 [15].
  • The Arabidopsis T-DNA insertional pex5 mutant, Atpex5, which does not germinate in the absence of sucrose and was resistant to indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), was perfectly rescued by over-expression of OsPex5pL, but not by OsPex5pS [16].
  • The level of Pex5p, the receptor involved in import of alcohol oxidase and dihydroxyacetone synthase into peroxisomes, was also reduced in both disruption strains compared to that in wild-type cells [17].
  • This process appeared to be dependent on a conserved lysine residue in the N-terminus of Pex5p (Lys21) and was prevented in a Pex5p(K21R) mutant [18].
  • Although mutant pex5delta cells expressing a yeast/tobacco Pex5p chimaera failed to import a GFP-Eci1p reporter protein, they were able to grow on oleic acid [19].

Physical interactions of PEX5

  • On the basis of these and other published data, we propose that the C terminus of Pex14p contains the actual docking site and discuss the possibility that the N terminus could be involved in a Pex5p-Pex14p association inside the peroxisomal membrane [20].
  • Consistent with this, Pex5p interacted in two-hybrid assays with both Eci1p and Eci1PdeltaHRL [21].
  • The peptide corresponding to wild-type ICL interacted with all three Pex5p proteins to differing extents, but neither mutant could interact with Pex5p from any species [22].
  • PEX-5 interacted strongly in a two-hybrid assay with Gal4p-SKL, and a screen using PEX-5 identified interaction partners that were predominantly terminated with PTS1 or its variants [23].

Other interactions of PEX5

  • Taken together, this indicates that in the absence of Pex13-SH3 interaction, other protein(s) is able to bind Pex5p at the peroxisome; Pex14p is a likely candidate for this function [7].
  • Thus, Eci1p peroxisomal targeting does require the Pex5p-dependent PTS1 pathway, but does not require a PTS1 of its own [21].
  • This suggests that the Pex5p-dependent import of Eci1p-GFP is due to interaction and co-import with Dci1p [21].
  • Moreover, we found that Pex5p-N can be functionally replaced by Pex18p, one of two auxiliary proteins of the PTS2 import pathway [6].
  • Here we demonstrate, using different techniques, that in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pex5p-N alone facilitates the import of the major matrix protein Fox1p [6].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of PEX5

  • Sequence analysis of the full-length cDNA revealed the presence of an open reading frame encoding a 70-kDa polypeptide that belongs to the tetratricopeptide repeat family and that is homologous to the PAS8 and PAS10 gene products, which are required for the formation of normal peroxisomes in yeast [24].


  1. Pex14p, a peroxisomal membrane protein binding both receptors of the two PTS-dependent import pathways. Albertini, M., Rehling, P., Erdmann, R., Girzalsky, W., Kiel, J.A., Veenhuis, M., Kunau, W.H. Cell (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. Mutations in PEX1 are the most common cause of peroxisome biogenesis disorders. Reuber, B.E., Germain-Lee, E., Collins, C.S., Morrell, J.C., Ameritunga, R., Moser, H.W., Valle, D., Gould, S.J. Nat. Genet. (1997) [Pubmed]
  3. Mutations in the PTS1 receptor gene, PXR1, define complementation group 2 of the peroxisome biogenesis disorders. Dodt, G., Braverman, N., Wong, C., Moser, A., Moser, H.W., Watkins, P., Valle, D., Gould, S.J. Nat. Genet. (1995) [Pubmed]
  4. Pex8p: an intraperoxisomal organizer of the peroxisomal import machinery. Agne, B., Meindl, N.M., Niederhoff, K., Einwächter, H., Rehling, P., Sickmann, A., Meyer, H.E., Girzalsky, W., Kunau, W.H. Mol. Cell (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. Topography for independent binding of alpha-helical and PPII-helical ligands to a peroxisomal SH3 domain. Douangamath, A., Filipp, F.V., Klein, A.T., Barnett, P., Zou, P., Voorn-Brouwer, T., Vega, M.C., Mayans, O.M., Sattler, M., Distel, B., Wilmanns, M. Mol. Cell (2002) [Pubmed]
  6. Functional similarity between the peroxisomal PTS2 receptor binding protein Pex18p and the N-terminal half of the PTS1 receptor Pex5p. Schäfer, A., Kerssen, D., Veenhuis, M., Kunau, W.H., Schliebs, W. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  7. Saccharomyces cerevisiae PTS1 receptor Pex5p interacts with the SH3 domain of the peroxisomal membrane protein Pex13p in an unconventional, non-PXXP-related manner. Bottger, G., Barnett, P., Klein, A.T., Kragt, A., Tabak, H.F., Distel, B. Mol. Biol. Cell (2000) [Pubmed]
  8. Pex8p, an intraperoxisomal peroxin of Saccharomyces cerevisiae required for protein transport into peroxisomes binds the PTS1 receptor pex5p. Rehling, P., Skaletz-Rorowski, A., Girzalsky, W., Voorn-Brouwer, T., Franse, M.M., Distel, B., Veenhuis, M., Kunau, W.H., Erdmann, R. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae peroxisomal import receptor Pex5p is monoubiquitinated in wild type cells. Kragt, A., Voorn-Brouwer, T., van den Berg, M., Distel, B. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Modification of the monomer composition of polyhydroxyalkanoate synthesized in Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing variants of the beta-oxidation-associated multifunctional enzyme. Marchesini, S., Erard, N., Glumoff, T., Hiltunen, J.K., Poirier, Y. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  11. Functional role of the AAA peroxins in dislocation of the cycling PTS1 receptor back to the cytosol. Platta, H.W., Grunau, S., Rosenkranz, K., Girzalsky, W., Erdmann, R. Nat. Cell Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. Peroxisome targeting signal type 1 (PTS1) receptor is involved in import of both PTS1 and PTS2: studies with PEX5-defective CHO cell mutants. Otera, H., Okumoto, K., Tateishi, K., Ikoma, Y., Matsuda, E., Nishimura, M., Tsukamoto, T., Osumi, T., Ohashi, K., Higuchi, O., Fujiki, Y. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  13. The plant PTS1 receptor: similarities and differences to its human and yeast counterparts. Wimmer, C., Schmid, M., Veenhuis, M., Gietl, C. Plant J. (1998) [Pubmed]
  14. Motif refinement of the peroxisomal targeting signal 1 and evaluation of taxon-specific differences. Neuberger, G., Maurer-Stroh, S., Eisenhaber, B., Hartig, A., Eisenhaber, F. J. Mol. Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  15. The difference in recognition of terminal tripeptides as peroxisomal targeting signal 1 between yeast and human is due to different affinities of their receptor Pex5p to the cognate signal and to residues adjacent to it. Lametschwandtner, G., Brocard, C., Fransen, M., Van Veldhoven, P., Berger, J., Hartig, A. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
  16. Cloning of two splice variants of the rice PTS1 receptor, OsPex5pL and OsPex5pS, and their functional characterization using pex5-deficient yeast and Arabidopsis. Lee, J.R., Jang, H.H., Park, J.H., Jung, J.H., Lee, S.S., Park, S.K., Chi, Y.H., Moon, J.C., Lee, Y.M., Kim, S.Y., Kim, J.Y., Yun, D.J., Cho, M.J., Lee, K.O., Lee, S.Y. Plant J. (2006) [Pubmed]
  17. Hansenula polymorpha Swi1p and Snf2p are essential for methanol utilisation. Ozimek, P., Lahtchev, K., Kiel, J.A., Veenhuis, M., van der Klei, I.J. FEMS Yeast Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  18. Obstruction of polyubiquitination affects PTS1 peroxisomal matrix protein import. Kiel, J.A., Otzen, M., Veenhuis, M., van der Klei, I.J. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. The tetratricopeptide repeat domains of human, tobacco, and nematode PEX5 proteins are functionally interchangeable with the analogous native domain for peroxisomal import of PTS1-terminated proteins in yeast. Gurvitz, A., Wabnegger, L., Langer, S., Hamilton, B., Ruis, H., Hartig, A. Mol. Genet. Genomics (2001) [Pubmed]
  20. Yeast Pex14p possesses two functionally distinct Pex5p and one Pex7p binding sites. Niederhoff, K., Meindl-Beinker, N.M., Kerssen, D., Perband, U., Schäfer, A., Schliebs, W., Kunau, W.H. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  21. Eci1p uses a PTS1 to enter peroxisomes: either its own or that of a partner, Dci1p. Yang, X., Purdue, P.E., Lazarow, P.B. Eur. J. Cell Biol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  22. PTS1-independent targeting of isocitrate lyase to peroxisomes requires the PTS1 receptor Pex5p. Parkes, J.A., Langer, S., Hartig, A., Baker, A. Mol. Membr. Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  23. Predicting the function and subcellular location of Caenorhabditis elegans proteins similar to Saccharomyces cerevisiae beta-oxidation enzymes. Gurvitz, A., Langer, S., Piskacek, M., Hamilton, B., Ruis, H., Hartig, A. Yeast (2000) [Pubmed]
  24. Identification and characterization of the putative human peroxisomal C-terminal targeting signal import receptor. Fransen, M., Brees, C., Baumgart, E., Vanhooren, J.C., Baes, M., Mannaerts, G.P., Van Veldhoven, P.P. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities