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Gene Review

ogt  -  O-6-alkylguanine-DNA:cysteine-protein...

Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655

Synonyms: ECK1331, JW1329
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Disease relevance of ogt


High impact information on ogt

  • The human cDNA has no sequence similarity with the ada and ogt genes, due in part to differences in codon usage, and shows no detectable homology with E. coli genomic DNA [4].
  • The E. coli ogt gene product had a relatively high affinity for the O6MeG substrate (IC50 8.1 nM) but had an even higher affinity for the O4MeT substrate (IC50 3 nM) [5].
  • The E. coli gene ogt encodes the DNA repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase (O6-AlkG ATase) [6].
  • Purification of the E. coli ogt gene product to homogeneity and its rate of action on O6-methylguanine, O6-ethylguanine and O4-methylthymine in dodecadeoxyribonucleotides [6].
  • Here we confirm and extend our previous studies demonstrating that the mutagenic potency of 1,2-dibromoethane (DBE) and dibromomethane (DBM) is markedly enhanced (not prevented) in bacteria expressing the O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (ATase) encoded by the Escherichia coli ogt gene [7].

Chemical compound and disease context of ogt


Biological context of ogt

  • This result suggests that in the absence of nucleotide excision repair and of the adaptive response, no alternative pathway, other than ogt, is available for the repair of the major mutagenic lesion, O6-alkG, at least during the first 4 hours after alkylation [13].
  • In conclusion, we propose that the biological significance of the ogt protein relies mainly on its ability to prevent mutagenesis by low levels of bulkier ethylation products (especially in the absence of uvr excision repair.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[13]
  • These results support the reported in vitro substrate specificities for both ogt and ada ATases [13].
  • We have expressed the normal human AGT and various point mutations (C145A, W100A, and P140A) in an ada- ogt- strain of E. coli and tested these proteins against DNA substrates containing O6-methylguanine, for inactivation by O6-benzylguanine and for the ability to produce guanine from O6-benzylguanine [9].
  • The ogt coding sequence is very similar to the E. coli homolog, but the ogt 5' flanking regions were found to be markedly different in the two species, suggesting genetic rearrangements [3].

Associations of ogt with chemical compounds

  • Substitution of cysteine 102 within the sequence 'LRTIPCG' had little effect on the ogt protein activity demonstrating that this cysteine is not directly involved with the transfer of O6-methylguanine adducts [8].
  • In order to assess their function, these residues were each substituted by a glycine to generate altered forms of the ogt protein [8].
  • This type of mutation increased in ada- (MNU) or ogt- (ENU) bacteria, suggesting that repair of O6-methylguanine by ada ATase and repair of O6-ethylguanine by ogt ATase contribute mainly to the decrease in G:C-->A:T transitions [14].
  • Expression of the ogt ATase provided greater protection against the toxic effects of the alkylating agents then the ada ATase particularly with N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) and N-butyl-N-nitrosourea (BNU) to which the ada ATase expressing cells were as sensitive as parent vector transfected cells [2].
  • On the other hand, the MNNG induced mutagenesis is reduced by H2O2 pretreatment in wild-type and ogt mutant strains, but not in ada mutant [15].

Regulatory relationships of ogt

  • Although ogt was expressed at slightly higher levels than the truncated ada in the transfected cells, this could not account for the differential protection observed [2].

Other interactions of ogt

  • Forward mutations induced by ethylmethane sulfonate (EMS) in the lacI gene of Escherichia coli were recovered from bacteria proficient or deficient in the alkyltransferase encoded by the constitutive ogt gene [16].


  1. Characterisation and nucleotide sequence of ogt, the O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase gene of E. coli. Potter, P.M., Wilkinson, M.C., Fitton, J., Carr, F.J., Brennand, J., Cooper, D.P., Margison, G.P. Nucleic Acids Res. (1987) [Pubmed]
  2. Expression in mammalian cells of the Escherichia coli O6 alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase gene ogt reduces the toxicity of alkylnitrosoureas. Harris, L.C., Margison, G.P. Br. J. Cancer (1993) [Pubmed]
  3. Identification of RpoS (sigma(S))-regulated genes in Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium. Ibanez-Ruiz, M., Robbe-Saule, V., Hermant, D., Labrude, S., Norel, F. J. Bacteriol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  4. Isolation and structural characterization of a cDNA clone encoding the human DNA repair protein for O6-alkylguanine. Tano, K., Shiota, S., Collier, J., Foote, R.S., Mitra, S. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1990) [Pubmed]
  5. Relative efficiencies of the bacterial, yeast, and human DNA methyltransferases for the repair of O6-methylguanine and O4-methylthymine. Suggestive evidence for O4-methylthymine repair by eukaryotic methyltransferases. Sassanfar, M., Dosanjh, M.K., Essigmann, J.M., Samson, L. J. Biol. Chem. (1991) [Pubmed]
  6. Purification of the E. coli ogt gene product to homogeneity and its rate of action on O6-methylguanine, O6-ethylguanine and O4-methylthymine in dodecadeoxyribonucleotides. Wilkinson, M.C., Potter, P.M., Cawkwell, L., Georgiadis, P., Patel, D., Swann, P.F., Margison, G.P. Nucleic Acids Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
  7. Bacterial and mammalian DNA alkyltransferases sensitize Escherichia coli to the lethal and mutagenic effects of dibromoalkanes. Abril, N., Luque-Romero, F.L., Prieto-Alamo, M.J., Rafferty, J.A., Margison, G.P., Pueyo, C. Carcinogenesis (1997) [Pubmed]
  8. Site directed mutagenesis of two cysteine residues in the E. coli ogt O6-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase protein. Harris, L.C., Potter, P.M., Margison, G.P. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1992) [Pubmed]
  9. A single amino acid change in human O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase decreasing sensitivity to inactivation by O6-benzylguanine. Crone, T.M., Pegg, A.E. Cancer Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
  10. Induction of SOS response, cellular efflux and oxidative stress response genes by chlorambucil in DNA repair-deficient Escherichia coli cells (ada, ogt and mutS). Salmelin, C., Vilpo, J. Mutat. Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
  11. Influence of DNA repair by (A)BC excinuclease and Ogt alkyltransferase on the distribution of mutations induced by n-propyl-N-nitrosourea in Escherichia coli. Ferrezuelo, F., Prieto-Alamo, M.J., Jurado, J., Pueyo, C. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. (1998) [Pubmed]
  12. Role of DNA repair by (A)BC excinuclease and Ogt alkyltransferase in the final distribution of LacI-d mutations induced by N-butyl-N-nitrosourea in Escherichia coli. Ferrezuelo, F., Prieto-Alamo, M.J., Jurado, J., Pueyo, C. Mutagenesis (1998) [Pubmed]
  13. Mutagenesis and DNA repair for alkylation damages in Escherichia coli K-12. Abril, N., Roldán-Arjona, T., Prieto-Alamo, M.J., van Zeeland, A.A., Pueyo, C. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. (1992) [Pubmed]
  14. Influence of DNA repair by ada and ogt alkyltransferases on the mutational specificity of alkylating agents. Roldán-Arjona, T., Luque-Romero, F.L., Ariza, R.R., Jurado, J., Pueyo, C. Mol. Carcinog. (1994) [Pubmed]
  15. Hydrogen peroxide induces protection against N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) effects in Escherichia coli. Asad, L.M., Asad, N.R., Silva, A.B., Felzenszwalb, I., Leitão, A.C. Mutat. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  16. DNA repair by Ogt alkyltransferase influences EMS mutational specificity. Vidal, A., Abril, N., Pueyo, C. Carcinogenesis (1995) [Pubmed]
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