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Psychiatry related information on Lavandula

  • Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia, P. Miller) is used in aromatherapy as a holistic relaxant and is said to have carminative, antiflatulence and anticolic properties [1].

High impact information on Lavandula

  • Lavandula angustifolia Hidcote species, which contains a higher level of linalyl acetate and linalool but little camphor, was evaluated as the highest quality among the four different Lavandula species [2].
  • In this work we studied the local anaesthetic activity of the essential oil obtained from Lavandula angustifolia Mill., a medicinal plant traditionally used as an antispasmodic [3].
  • Biotin biosynthesis was investigated in lavender cell cultures (Lavandula vera L.). Two different biological assays and two different HPLC procedures were used to identify all the intermediates involved in biotin biosynthesis [4].
  • The all-round effect of dissolved oxygen concentration, agitation speed, and temperature on the rosmarinic acid production by Lavandula vera MM cell suspension was studied in a 3-L laboratory bioreactor by means of the modified Simplex method [5].
  • In this study the antinociceptive and the gastroprotective effects of orally administered or inhaled Lavandula hybrida Reverchon "Grosso" essential oil, and its principal constituents linalool and linalyl acetate were evaluated in rodents [6].

Biological context of Lavandula


Associations of Lavandula with chemical compounds

  • Optimization procedures according to the modified Simplex method allowed us to establish the optimal conditions for the biosynthesis of rosmarinic acid by Lavandula vera MM: X(1*) = 0.09 g/L; X(2*) = 3.02 g/L, and X(3*) = 0.170 g/L, where Y(1)max = 1786.74 mg/L (27 times higher compared with the cultivation in the standard Linsmayer-Skoog medium) [10].
  • 5 patients also reacted to the fragrance components lavender (Lavandula augustifolia) oil and/or neroli (Citrus aurantium dulcis) oil 5% in alcohol [11].
  • Lavandula stoechas, a native plant of Greece, is rich in essential oil and fenchone is its major constituent [12].
  • Effects of Lavandula officinalis and Equisetum arvense dry extracts and isoquercitrin on the fermentation of diets varying in forage contents by rumen microorganisms in batch culture [13].
  • The anti-inflammatory active fraction of the Paraguayan crude drug, "Alhucema," Lavandula latifolia Vill. afforded four compounds: coumarin (1), 7-methoxycoumarin (2), trans-phytol (3) and caryophyllene oxide (4) [14].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Lavandula


  1. Studies on the mode of action of the essential oil of lavender (Lavandula angustifolia P. Miller). Lis-Balchin, M., Hart, S. Phytotherapy research : PTR. (1999) [Pubmed]
  2. Comparison of different extraction methods for the analysis of fragrances from Lavandula species by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Kim, N.S., Lee, D.S. Journal of chromatography. A. (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Local anaesthetic activity of the essential oil of Lavandula angustifolia. Ghelardini, C., Galeotti, N., Salvatore, G., Mazzanti, G. Planta Med. (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. Biotin biosynthesis in higher plant cells. Identification of intermediates. Baldet, P., Gerbling, H., Axiotis, S., Douce, R. Eur. J. Biochem. (1993) [Pubmed]
  5. Optimization of rosmarinic acid production by Lavandula vera MM plant cell suspension in a laboratory bioreactor. Pavlov, A.I., Georgiev, M.I., Panchev, I.N., Ilieva, M.P. Biotechnol. Prog. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Antinociceptive and gastroprotective effects of inhaled and orally administered Lavandula hybrida Reverchon "Grosso" essential oil. Barocelli, E., Calcina, F., Chiavarini, M., Impicciatore, M., Bruni, R., Bianchi, A., Ballabeni, V. Life Sci. (2004) [Pubmed]
  7. Cytotoxicity of lavender oil and its major components to human skin cells. Prashar, A., Locke, I.C., Evans, C.S. Cell Prolif. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Tentative evidence of a rosmarinic acid peroxidase in cell cultures from lavandin (Lavandula x intermedia) flowers. López-Arnaldos, T., López-Serrano, M., Ros Barceló, A., Calderón, A.A., Zapata, J.M. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. (1994) [Pubmed]
  9. Effects of inhaling the vapor of Lavandula burnatii super-derived essential oil and linalool on plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), catecholamine and gonadotropin levels in experimental menopausal female rats. Yamada, K., Mimaki, Y., Sashida, Y. Biol. Pharm. Bull. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Nutrient medium optimization for rosmarinic acid production by Lavandula vera MM cell suspension. Pavlov, A.I., Ilieva, M.P., Panchev, I.N. Biotechnol. Prog. (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. Contact and photocontact allergy to ketoprofen. The Belgian experience. Matthieu, L., Meuleman, L., Van Hecke, E., Blondeel, A., Dezfoulian, B., Constandt, L., Goossens, A. Contact Derm. (2004) [Pubmed]
  12. Activation of soil respiration and shift of the microbial population balance in soil as a response to Lavandula stoechas essential oil. Vokou, D., Chalkos, D., Karamanlidou, G., Yiangou, M. J. Chem. Ecol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  13. Effects of Lavandula officinalis and Equisetum arvense dry extracts and isoquercitrin on the fermentation of diets varying in forage contents by rumen microorganisms in batch culture. Broudiscou, L.P., Lassalas, B. Reprod. Nutr. Dev. (2000) [Pubmed]
  14. Anti-inflammatory constituents of topically applied crude drugs. IV. Constituents and anti-inflammatory effect of Paraguayan crude drug "alhucema" (Lavandula latifolia Vill.). Shimizu, M., Shogawa, H., Matsuzawa, T., Yonezawa, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Suzuki, S., Yoshizaki, M., Morita, N., Ferro, E. Chem. Pharm. Bull. (1990) [Pubmed]
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