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MeSH Review

Animal Husbandry

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Disease relevance of Animal Husbandry

  • vanA-mediated high-level glycopeptide resistance in Enterococcus faecium from animal husbandry [1].
  • Virginiamycins S1 and M1, two major components of the antibacterial antibiotic complex produced by Streptomyces virginiae and used as an animal growth promoter in animal husbandry, exhibited a selective insecticidal activity against Leptinotarsa decemlineata comparable with the effect of the organophosphorus pesticide Metathion [2].
  • It is suggested that the use of apramycin in animal husbandry is responsible for the appearance of gentamicin resistance in multiresistant strains of phage type 204c, a phage type already epidemic in bovine animals and with an increasing incidence in humans [3].

High impact information on Animal Husbandry

  • Under standardized animal husbandry conditions, PLP-A possesses modest effects on reproductive performance [4].
  • For experimental evaluation, a combination of specific animal husbandry techniques and an oral infection route showed cftr(-/-) mice but not WT mice can be chronically colonized by P. aeruginosa with subsequent lung translocation, yielding a pathologic picture indicative of chronic lung infection [5].
  • Metronidazole is an antibiotic that has been effective against many microaerophilic microorganisms with importance in medicine and animal husbandry [6].
  • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in Europe are thought to have emerged partly due to the use of the glycopeptide avoparcin in animal husbandry [7].
  • OBJECTIVES: The aminoglycoside apramycin has been used extensively in animal husbandry in the UK since 1978 [8].

Biological context of Animal Husbandry


Associations of Animal Husbandry with chemical compounds


Gene context of Animal Husbandry

  • Sera were collected from 1680 people including contacts of known patients, abattoir workers and animal husbandry workers in various parts of the country [16].


  1. vanA-mediated high-level glycopeptide resistance in Enterococcus faecium from animal husbandry. Klare, I., Heier, H., Claus, H., Reissbrodt, R., Witte, W. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. (1995) [Pubmed]
  2. Pesticidal activity of virginiamycins S1 and M1. Prikrylová, V., Samoukina, G.V., Kandybin, N.V., Ujhelyiová, L., Varkonda, S. Folia Microbiol. (Praha) (1992) [Pubmed]
  3. Characterization of plasmids conferring resistance to gentamicin and apramycin in strains of Salmonella typhimurium phage type 204c isolated in Britain. Threlfall, E.J., Rowe, B., Ferguson, J.L., Ward, L.R. The Journal of hygiene. (1986) [Pubmed]
  4. A prolactin family paralog regulates reproductive adaptations to a physiological stressor. Ain, R., Dai, G., Dunmore, J.H., Godwin, A.R., Soares, M.J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2004) [Pubmed]
  5. Hypersusceptibility of cystic fibrosis mice to chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa oropharyngeal colonization and lung infection. Coleman, F.T., Mueschenborn, S., Meluleni, G., Ray, C., Carey, V.J., Vargas, S.O., Cannon, C.L., Ausubel, F.M., Pier, G.B. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2003) [Pubmed]
  6. Is the molecular basis of metronidazole resistance in microaerophilic organisms understood? Mendz, G.L., Mégraud, F. Trends Microbiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  7. Occurrence and relatedness of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in animals, humans, and the environment in different European regions. Kühn, I., Iversen, A., Finn, M., Greko, C., Burman, L.G., Blanch, A.R., Vilanova, X., Manero, A., Taylor, H., Caplin, J., Domínguez, L., Herrero, I.A., Moreno, M.A., Möllby, R. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. High frequency transfer and horizontal spread of apramycin resistance in calf faecal Escherichia coli. Yates, C.M., Pearce, M.C., Woolhouse, M.E., Amyes, S.G. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Enterococcal-type glycopeptide resistance genes in non-enterococcal organisms. Patel, R. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. (2000) [Pubmed]
  10. Lactation and fertility in goats after the induction of parturition with an analogue of prostaglandin F2 alpha, cloprostenol. Maule Walker, F.M. Res. Vet. Sci. (1983) [Pubmed]
  11. Induction of transient functional luteolysis in cyclic sheep by a 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase inhibitor. Jenkin, G., Gemmell, R.T., Thorburn, G.D. J. Endocrinol. (1984) [Pubmed]
  12. Possible health impact of animal oestrogens in food. Daxenberger, A., Ibarreta, D., Meyer, H.H. Hum. Reprod. Update (2001) [Pubmed]
  13. Biotreatment of H2S- and NH3-containing waste gases by co-immobilized cells biofilter. Chung, Y.C., Huang, C., Tseng, C.P., Pan, J.R. Chemosphere (2000) [Pubmed]
  14. Photochemical reactions of quindoxin, olaquindox, carbadox and cyadox with protein, indicating photoallergic properties. de Vries, H., Bojarski, J., Donker, A.A., Bakri, A., Beyersbergen van Henegouwen, G.M. Toxicology (1990) [Pubmed]
  15. The genotoxicity of trenbolone, a synthetic steroid. Richold, M. Arch. Toxicol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  16. Congo/Crimean haemorrhagic fever in Iraq: a seroepidemiological survey. Tikriti, S.K., Hassan, F.K., Moslih, I.M., Jurji, F., Mahmud, M.I., Tantawi, H.H. The Journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. (1981) [Pubmed]
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