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MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Enterococcus


High impact information on Enterococcus


Chemical compound and disease context of Enterococcus


Biological context of Enterococcus


Anatomical context of Enterococcus


Gene context of Enterococcus

  • Structure of peptide sex pheromone receptor PrgX and PrgX/pheromone complexes and regulation of conjugation in Enterococcus faecalis [26].
  • RNase 7 revealed broad spectrum antimicrobial activity against many pathogenic microorganisms and remarkably potent activity (lethal dose of 90% < 30 nm) against a vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium [27].
  • The corresponding region upstream of the enterococcal blaZ from Enterococcus faecalis HH22 was sequenced and compared with the staphylococcal blaR1 sequence [28].
  • We report another Bla+ enterococcus with high-level gentamicin resistance [29].
  • The murine D-galactosamine (D-gal) model of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) hypersensitization was used as an initial tool to investigate the potential contribution of TNF-alpha to lethal intraperitoneal (i.p.) infection with Enterococcus faecalis [30].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Enterococcus


  1. Variable phenotypes of enterocolitis in interleukin 10-deficient mice monoassociated with two different commensal bacteria. Kim, S.C., Tonkonogy, S.L., Albright, C.A., Tsang, J., Balish, E.J., Braun, J., Huycke, M.M., Sartor, R.B. Gastroenterology (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. An iron-regulated gene, magA, encoding an iron transport protein of Magnetospirillum sp. strain AMB-1. Nakamura, C., Burgess, J.G., Sode, K., Matsunaga, T. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
  3. Heterogeneity among the flavin-containing NADH peroxidases of group D streptococci. Analysis of the enzyme from Streptococcus faecalis ATCC 9790. Miller, H., Poole, L.B., Claiborne, A. J. Biol. Chem. (1990) [Pubmed]
  4. Endocarditis due to streptomycin-susceptible Enterococcus faecalis with high-level gentamicin resistance. Spiegel, C.A., Huycke, M. Arch. Intern. Med. (1989) [Pubmed]
  5. Ciprofloxacin decreases the rate of ethanol elimination in humans. Tillonen, J., Homann, N., Rautio, M., Jousimies-Somer, H., Salaspuro, M. Gut (1999) [Pubmed]
  6. Two-component regulator of Enterococcus faecalis cytolysin responds to quorum-sensing autoinduction. Haas, W., Shepard, B.D., Gilmore, M.S. Nature (2002) [Pubmed]
  7. In vivo v in vitro susceptibility of enterococcus to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. A pitfall. Goodhart, G.L. JAMA (1984) [Pubmed]
  8. A soluble suppressor T cell factor protects against experimental intraabdominal abscesses. Zaleznik, D.F., Finberg, R.W., Shapiro, M.E., Onderdonk, A.B., Kasper, D.L. J. Clin. Invest. (1985) [Pubmed]
  9. Infections due to vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium resistant to linezolid. Gonzales, R.D., Schreckenberger, P.C., Graham, M.B., Kelkar, S., DenBesten, K., Quinn, J.P. Lancet (2001) [Pubmed]
  10. Treatment of CAPD-peritonitis due to glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium with quinupristin/dalfopristin. Lynn, W.A., Clutterbuck, E., Want, S., Markides, V., Lacey, S., Rogers, T.R., Cohen, J. Lancet (1994) [Pubmed]
  11. Resistance of Enterococcus faecium to vancomycin and gentamicin. Wade, J., Rolando, N., Casewell, M. Lancet (1991) [Pubmed]
  12. Cis-acting, orientation-dependent, positive control system activates pheromone-inducible conjugation functions at distances greater than 10 kilobases upstream from its target in Enterococcus faecalis. Chung, J.W., Dunny, G.M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1992) [Pubmed]
  13. Regulation of the pAD1 sex pheromone response of Enterococcus faecalis by direct interaction between the cAD1 peptide mating signal and the negatively regulating, DNA-binding TraA protein. Fujimoto, S., Clewell, D.B. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
  14. The capsular polysaccharide of Enterococcus faecalis and its relationship to other polysaccharides in the cell wall. Hancock, L.E., Gilmore, M.S. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2002) [Pubmed]
  15. Phosphinate analogs of D-, D-dipeptides: slow-binding inhibition and proteolysis protection of VanX, a D-, D-dipeptidase required for vancomycin resistance in Enterococcus faecium. Wu, Z., Walsh, C.T. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1995) [Pubmed]
  16. The soluble alpha-glycerophosphate oxidase from Enterococcus casseliflavus. Sequence homology with the membrane-associated dehydrogenase and kinetic analysis of the recombinant enzyme. Parsonage, D., Luba, J., Mallett, T.C., Claiborne, A. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
  17. The ntpJ gene in the Enterococcus hirae ntp operon encodes a component of KtrII potassium transport system functionally independent of vacuolar Na+-ATPase. Murata, T., Takase, K., Yamato, I., Igarashi, K., Kakinuma, Y. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
  18. IL-10 gene-deficient mice lack TGF-beta/Smad signaling and fail to inhibit proinflammatory gene expression in intestinal epithelial cells after the colonization with colitogenic Enterococcus faecalis. Ruiz, P.A., Shkoda, A., Kim, S.C., Sartor, R.B., Haller, D. J. Immunol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. The vanG glycopeptide resistance operon from Enterococcus faecalis revisited. Depardieu, F., Bonora, M.G., Reynolds, P.E., Courvalin, P. Mol. Microbiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  20. An amino-terminal domain of Enterococcus faecalis aggregation substance is required for aggregation, bacterial internalization by epithelial cells and binding to lipoteichoic acid. Waters, C.M., Hirt, H., McCormick, J.K., Schlievert, P.M., Wells, C.L., Dunny, G.M. Mol. Microbiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  21. Treatment of infections in hospitalized patients with ticarcillin plus clavulanic acid. A comparative study. Holloway, W.J. Am. J. Med. (1985) [Pubmed]
  22. Effect of parenteral antibiotic administration on the establishment of colonization with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium in the mouse gastrointestinal tract. Donskey, C.J., Hanrahan, J.A., Hutton, R.A., Rice, L.B. J. Infect. Dis. (2000) [Pubmed]
  23. Contributions of complement and immunoglobulin to neutrophil-mediated killing of enterococci. Harvey, B.S., Baker, C.J., Edwards, M.S. Infect. Immun. (1992) [Pubmed]
  24. Effects of the Enterococcus faecalis hypR gene encoding a new transcriptional regulator on oxidative stress response and intracellular survival within macrophages. Verneuil, N., Sanguinetti, M., Le Breton, Y., Posteraro, B., Fadda, G., Auffray, Y., Hartke, A., Giard, J.C. Infect. Immun. (2004) [Pubmed]
  25. The Enterococcus faecalis cytolysin: a novel toxin active against eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Coburn, P.S., Gilmore, M.S. Cell. Microbiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  26. Structure of peptide sex pheromone receptor PrgX and PrgX/pheromone complexes and regulation of conjugation in Enterococcus faecalis. Shi, K., Brown, C.K., Gu, Z.Y., Kozlowicz, B.K., Dunny, G.M., Ohlendorf, D.H., Earhart, C.A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2005) [Pubmed]
  27. RNase 7, a novel innate immune defense antimicrobial protein of healthy human skin. Harder, J., Schroder, J.M. J. Biol. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  28. Genes involved in the regulation of beta-lactamase production in enterococci and staphylococci. Zscheck, K.K., Murray, B.E. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1993) [Pubmed]
  29. Susceptibility and bactericidal activity studies of four beta-lactamase-producing enterococci. Patterson, J.E., Zervos, M.J. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1989) [Pubmed]
  30. Anomalous role of tumor necrosis factor alpha in experimental enterococcal infection. Papasian, C.J., Silverstein, R., Gao, J.J., Bamberger, D.M., Morrison, D.C. Infect. Immun. (2002) [Pubmed]
  31. Assembling the glycopeptide antibiotic scaffold: The biosynthesis of A47934 from Streptomyces toyocaensis NRRL15009. Pootoolal, J., Thomas, M.G., Marshall, C.G., Neu, J.M., Hubbard, B.K., Walsh, C.T., Wright, G.D. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2002) [Pubmed]
  32. Nosocomial acquisition of beta-lactamase--negative, ampicillin-resistant enterococcus. Chirurgi, V.A., Oster, S.E., Goldberg, A.A., McCabe, R.E. Arch. Intern. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  33. Detection of a streptomycin/spectinomycin adenylyltransferase gene (aadA) in Enterococcus faecalis. Clark, N.C., Olsvik, O., Swenson, J.M., Spiegel, C.A., Tenover, F.C. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1999) [Pubmed]
  34. Sequence analysis of the beta-lactamase repressor from Staphylococcus aureus and hybridization studies with two beta-lactamase-producing isolates of Enterococcus faecalis. Smith, M.C., Murray, B.E. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1992) [Pubmed]
  35. Experimental Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus faecalis pyelonephritis in diabetic rats. Raffel, L., Pitsakis, P., Levison, S.P., Levison, M.E. Infect. Immun. (1981) [Pubmed]
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