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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
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Disease relevance of Abattoirs

  • Sera from 98 abattoir workers were tested for IgG to Campylobacter pylori, C jejuni, and klebsiella [1].
  • Prevalence of scrapie infection in Great Britain: interpreting the results of the 1997-1998 abattoir survey [2].
  • These feeder cells are usually collected from slaughterhouses from unknown serological status animals for caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) infection which is frequent in many regions of the world [3].
  • Routine meat inspection of 1316 pigs at a slaughter slab in Lusaka showed that 20.6% of the pigs had cysticercosis whereas serological testing of 874 pigs at the same abattoir indicated that 56.6% were found to have circulating antigens of Taenia solium [4].
  • In 1997/1998, an abattoir survey was conducted to determine the likely exposure of the human population to transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) infection in sheep submitted for slaughter in Great Britain. The survey examined brain material from 2809 sheep processed through British abattoirs [5].

High impact information on Abattoirs

  • Ovaries were obtained from an abattoir and cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) were aspirated from antral follicles into culture medium supplemented with 4 mg/ml BSA and 2mM 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) [6].
  • Biogas technology harnesses the natural process of decomposition to convert biological waste (such as human excretia and abattoir waste) into methane-rich gas [7].
  • Nineteen E. faecium strains isolated from chicken caecum samples, collected in slaughterhouses and highly resistant to vancomycin or gentamicin, were coresistant to erythromycin, and/or tetracyclines, and/or streptogramins, and/or avilamycin [8].
  • In this study we have used the technique of fla typing (PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the flaA and flaB genes) to identify the sources of strains contaminating the carcasses of five campylobacter-positive and two campylobacter-negative broiler flocks during abattoir processing [9].
  • Significant differences between the abattoirs were found for all compounds tested except amoxycillin [10].

Biological context of Abattoirs


Anatomical context of Abattoirs


Associations of Abattoirs with chemical compounds

  • The lipopolysaccharide (endotoxin) content in airborne dust samples from three different poultry slaughterhouses was determined with both the chromogenic Limulus amebocyte lysate assay and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of lipopolysaccharide-derived 3-hydroxy fatty acids [20].
  • A study was conducted to determine the feasibility of performing "on-site" screening for sulfamethazine (SMT), at an abattoir, using a rapid immunobiosensor method [12].
  • During the period 1984-1992, a total of 1051 samples of porcine kidney from 31 abattoirs were analysed for cadmium at the National Food Administration within the control programme for livestock production [21].
  • A survey was conducted to determine the incidence of tetracycline antibiotic (TCAs) residues in the kidneys of slaughtered animals that did not pass inspection for human consumption by the Japanese Food Sanitation Law and the Meat Inspection Law at the slaughterhouses in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, from April 1985 to March 1998 [22].
  • Pigs at abattoir Y had higher mean serum levels of CPK than pigs at abattoir X (3.63 log10 U/litre vs 3.41 log10 U/litre, 0.03 sed, P < 0.001), higher total LDH activities (1269.5 U/litre vs 922.8 U/litre, P < 0.001) and higher cortisol concentrations (1.70 log10 ng/ml vs 1.51 log10 ng/ml, P < 0.001) [23].

Gene context of Abattoirs

  • The aim of the present study was to investigate COX-1 and COX-2 expression by immunohistochemical methods in 20 bovine urothelial carcinomas collected at public slaughterhouses from cows that had been suffering from chronic enzootic hematuria [24].
  • The yopT gene was found in 99.1% of the farm isolates but in only 76.6% of the isolates found at the abattoir from the corresponding carcasses [25].
  • Syntaxin 1B and GFAP were detected in many of the sponge samples taken along the slaughter line and in the chill rooms of all three abattoirs; GFAP was also detected in one sample of longissimus muscle (striploin) taken in the boning hall of one of the abattoirs but not in the other two abattoirs or in retail meats [26].
  • The prevalence of yadA-positive Y. enterocolitica in fattening pigs increased from 1995 versus 1999; the mean prevalence in five slaughterhouses for the 2 years was 33% and 64%, respectively [27].
  • In Expt 2, ovaries containing a young corpus luteum and with or without a large oestrogen-active follicle were collected from the abattoir [28].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Abattoirs


  1. Campylobacter pylori in abattoir workers: is it a zoonosis? Vaira, D., D'Anastasio, C., Holton, J., Dowsett, J.F., Londei, M., Bertoni, F., Beltrandi, E., Grauenfels, P., Salmon, P.R., Gandolfi, L. Lancet (1988) [Pubmed]
  2. Prevalence of scrapie infection in Great Britain: interpreting the results of the 1997-1998 abattoir survey. Gubbins, S., Simmons, M.M., Sivam, K., Webb, C.R., Hoinville, L.J. Proc. Biol. Sci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Epithelial cells from goat oviduct are highly permissive for productive infection with caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV). Lamara, A., Fieni, F., Mselli-Lakhal, L., Tainturier, D., Chebloune, Y. Virus Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. The emergence of Taenia solium cysticercosis in Eastern and Southern Africa as a serious agricultural problem and public health risk. Phiri, I.K., Ngowi, H., Afonso, S., Matenga, E., Boa, M., Mukaratirwa, S., Githigia, S., Saimo, M., Sikasunge, C., Maingi, N., Lubega, G.W., Kassuku, A., Michael, L., Siziya, S., Krecek, R.C., Noormahomed, E., Vilhena, M., Dorny, P., Willingham, A.L. Acta Trop. (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. A stochastic model to estimate the prevalence of scrapie in Great Britain using the results of an abattoir-based survey. Webb, C.R., Wilesmith, J.W., Simmons, M.M., Hoinville, L.J. Prev. Vet. Med. (2001) [Pubmed]
  6. Differential effects of specific phosphodiesterase isoenzyme inhibitors on bovine oocyte meiotic maturation. Thomas, R.E., Armstrong, D.T., Gilchrist, R.B. Dev. Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  7. Biogas: a bright idea for Africa. Brown, V.J. Environ. Health Perspect. (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. Combined antimicrobial resistance in Enterococcus faecium isolated from chickens. Petsaris, O., Miszczak, F., Gicquel-Bruneau, M., Perrin-Guyomard, A., Humbert, F., Sanders, P., Leclercq, R. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Changes in the carriage of Campylobacter strains by poultry carcasses during processing in abattoirs. Newell, D.G., Shreeve, J.E., Toszeghy, M., Domingue, G., Bull, S., Humphrey, T., Mead, G. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  10. Antimicrobial resistance in pig faecal samples from the Netherlands (five abattoirs) and Sweden. van Den Bogaard, A.E., London, N., Stobberingh, E.E. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. Direct and rapid detection of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae DNA in animals by PCR. Makino, S., Okada, Y., Maruyama, T., Ishikawa, K., Takahashi, T., Nakamura, M., Ezaki, T., Morita, H. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  12. Evaluation of an immunobiosensor for the on-site testing of veterinary drug residues at an abattoir. Screening for sulfamethazine in pigs. Baxter, G.A., O'Connor, M.C., Haughey, S.A., Crooks, S.R., Elliott, C.T. The Analyst. (1999) [Pubmed]
  13. Expression of insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3, and the effects of IGFBP-2 and -3 in the bovine corpus luteum. Brown, T.A., Braden, T.D. Domest. Anim. Endocrinol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  14. Characterization of multidrug-resistance phenotypes and genotypes of Escherichia coli strains isolated from swine from an abattoir in Osaka, Japan. Kumai, Y., Suzuki, Y., Tanaka, Y., Shima, K., Bhadra, R.K., Yamasaki, S., Kuroda, K., Endo, G. Epidemiol. Infect. (2005) [Pubmed]
  15. Development of an in vivo method to study bovine intestinal response to dietary manipulation at the molecular level. Suominen, A.H., Glimm, D.R., Okine, E.K., Kennelly, J.J. J. Anim. Sci. (1998) [Pubmed]
  16. In vitro metabolism of androgens by mammalian cauda epididymal spermatozoa. Rajalakshmi, M., Leask, J.T., Waites, G.M. Steroids (1978) [Pubmed]
  17. Effect of sperm number and oxygenation state of the storage media on in vitro fertility of bovine sperm stored at ambient temperature. Krzyzosiak, J., Molan, P., McGowan, L., Vishwanath, R. Theriogenology (2001) [Pubmed]
  18. Reproduction of the ewe and female goat in the province of Fars, Iran. Emady, M. Vet. Rec. (1976) [Pubmed]
  19. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) 27, 72 and 73 in normal and pre-ulcerative mucosa of the gastric pars oesophagea in swine. Marruchella, G., Di Leonardo, M., Di Guardo, G., Romanucci, M., Marà, M., G Tiscar, P., Mosca, F., Della Salda, L. J. Comp. Pathol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  20. Comparison of the limulus amebocyte lysate test and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for measuring lipopolysaccharides (endotoxins) in airborne dust from poultry-processing industries. Sonesson, A., Larsson, L., Schütz, A., Hagmar, L., Hallberg, T. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  21. Cadmium levels in kidneys from Swedish pigs in relation to environmental factors--temporal and spatial trends. Grawé, K.P., Thierfelder, T., Jorhem, L., Oskarsson, A. Sci. Total Environ. (1997) [Pubmed]
  22. Survey of residual tetracyclines in kidneys of diseased animals in Aichi Prefecture, Japan (1985-1997). Oka, H., Ito, Y., Ikai, Y., Matsumoto, H., Kato, K., Yamamoto, I., Shimizu, M., Kawamura, N., Miyazaki, Y., Nojiri, T., Okumura, M., Ohmi, S., Sato, T., Mori, G. Journal of AOAC International. (2001) [Pubmed]
  23. Effects of abattoir and slaughter handling systems on stress indicators in pig blood. Weeding, C.M., Hunter, E.J., Guise, H.J., Penny, R.H. Vet. Rec. (1993) [Pubmed]
  24. Cyclooxygenase-1 and -2 expression in urothelial carcinomas of the urinary bladder in cows. Borzacchiello, G., Ambrosio, V., Galati, P., Perillo, A., Roperto, F. Vet. Pathol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. Prevalence of Yersinia enterocolitica in fattening pigs. Gürtler, M., Alter, T., Kasimir, S., Linnebur, M., Fehlhaber, K. J. Food Prot. (2005) [Pubmed]
  26. Dissemination of central nervous system tissue during the slaughter of cattle in three Irish abattoirs. Prendergast, D.M., Sheridan, J.J., Daly, D.J., McDowell, D.A., Blair, I.S. Vet. Rec. (2004) [Pubmed]
  27. Low prevalence of yadA-positive Yersinia enterocolitica in sows. Korte, T., Fredriksson-Ahomaa, M., Niskanen, T., Korkeala, H. Foodborne Pathog. Dis. (2004) [Pubmed]
  28. Oocyte quality in small antral follicles in the presence or absence of a large dominant follicle in cattle. Smith, L.C., Olivera-Angel, M., Groome, N.P., Bhatia, B., Price, C.A. J. Reprod. Fertil. (1996) [Pubmed]
  29. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in swine from slaughterhouses in Lima, Peru, and Georgia, U.S.A. Saavedra, G.M., Ortega, Y.R. J. Parasitol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  30. Comparative evaluations of the processed bovine tunica vaginalis implant in a rat model. Hafeez, Y.M., Zuki, A.B., Loqman, M.Y., Noordin, M.M., Norimah, Y. Anatomical science international / Japanese Association of Anatomists. (2005) [Pubmed]
  31. Comparison of pig hepatocyte isolation using intraoperative perfusion without warm ischemia and isolation of cells from abattoir organs after warm ischemia. Gerlach, J., Klöppel, K., Schön, M.R., Brombacher, J., Courtney, J.M., Unger, J., Neuhaus, P. Artificial organs. (1993) [Pubmed]
  32. Isolation of bovine plasma albumin by liquid chromatography and its polymerization for use in immunohematology. Tanaka, K., Sawatani, E., Shigueoka, E.M., Dias, G.A., Nakao, H.C., Arashiro, F. Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
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