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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ceforanide. A review of its antibacterial activity, pharmacokinetic properties and clinical efficacy.

Ceforanide is a 'second generation' cephalosporin administered intravenously or intramuscularly. It is similar to cefamandole and cefonicid in its in vitro superiority to 'first generation' cephalosporins against several species of Enterobacteriaceae as well as its activity against Haemophilus influenzae, including beta-lactamase-producing strains. Its activity against Staphylococcus aureus is less than that of cefamandole, cefuroxime and first generation cephalosporins. The in vitro activity against Neisseria gonorrhoeae is excellent. Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter and Serratia species, and Bacteroides fragilis are resistant, as are many strains of Proteus and Providencia species. The elimination half-life is relatively long, although shorter than that of cefonicid, and in most clinical trials ceforanide has been administered twice daily. It appeared to be comparable in therapeutic efficacy to procaine penicillin and cephazolin in the treatment of patients with community-acquired pneumonia, to cephazolin in the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections due to S. aureus or beta-haemolytic streptococci and to cefapirin in S. aureus endocarditis in parenteral drug abusers. Also, it was comparable in efficacy to cephalothin in the prophylaxis of infection in patients undergoing open heart surgery or vaginal hysterectomy, and to cephazolin in patients undergoing cholecystectomy. Thus, ceforanide is an alternative to first and certain other second generation cephalosporins in several important therapeutic and prophylactic situations. It has no advantage over other cephalosporins with regard to spectrum of antibacterial activity, but has a longer half-life than other second generation cephalosporins, except cefonicid, and can be administered according to a twice daily dosage schedule.[1]


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