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ADG  -  Average daily gain (on test)

Sus scrofa

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Disease relevance of ADG

  • The same chromosome region also had significant effects on ADG between birth and 56 kg body weight (p-value =. 000227), and on ADG between 35 and 56 kg (p-value =.00077) [1].
  • In Germany the average daily weight gain (ADG) of the vaccinated pigs was significantly higher (639 g v 616 g) (P = 0.0205) [2].
  • Additionally, data were collected on testes length at 168 d (TL168), testes width at 168 d (TW168), testes volume at 168 d (TVOL), birth weight (BWT), average daily gain (ADG), days to 104 kg (DAYS104), and backfat adjusted to 104 kg (FAT) [3].
  • There was significant interaction between the effects of atrophic rhinitis and anteroventral pneumonia on ADG (p less than 0.05) [4].
  • There is much greater potential for improvement in ADG through control of respiratory diseases than through control of ascariasis [4].

High impact information on ADG

  • Irrespective of protein level, carnitine increased ADG (by 7.3%, P < 0.10) and CP accretion rate (9%, P < 0.10) [5].
  • After wk 2, there was a quadratic response in ADG (P < .08) and ADFI (P < .05) when increasing levels of NaHCO3 were added to the diet [6].
  • When data were correct, BLUP resulted in an advantage in expected genetic gain over SP of 22, 7.2 or 30.8% for LS, BF and ADG, respectively, and over SI of 9.6, 3.8 or 21.4% [7].
  • Genotype X environment interactions, specifically breed X year-season farrowed and breed X parity (for ADG), were found to be highly significant [8].
  • Rank correlations between contemporary group deviations and RAM estimates of EPD for ADG and ABF were .53 and .41, respectively [9].

Chemical compound and disease context of ADG


Biological context of ADG

  • Heterosis values were -10.2, 8.0, 13.7, 13.6, 14.1 and 7.7% for DAYS, AJBF, ADG, WDA, WT154 and BF, respectively [11].
  • The analysis of the allele frequencies for these two loci in extremely divergent groups of pigs selected according to lean cuts (LC) and average daily gain (ADG) approached the significance level for myopalladin and LC trait [12].

Anatomical context of ADG

  • Efficacy of all programs was recognized on the basis of comparative evaluation of the average daily gain (ADG), morphometric examination of turbinate bones and computer conchal morphometry (TPR) [13].
  • For individual piglets there were significant correlations between either LA or ALA in adipose tissue and ADG, the correlation coefficients being 0.37 and 0.45 [10].

Associations of ADG with chemical compounds

  • It is uncertain whether LA and ALA intake had a causal relationship with ADG [10].
  • After 4 weeks, average daily gains (ADG) of beta-glucan treated pigs were not different from the controls [14].
  • The results showed pigs treated with 10 mg/kg cadmium significantly decreased average daily gain (ADG) (p<0.05) and increased feed/gain ratio (F/G) (p<0.05) compared to the control [15].
  • The results showed pigs of the 100 and 150 mg/kg fluorine-added groups had decreased average daily gain (ADG) and increased feed gain ratio (F/G) compared to the control (p < 0.05) [16].
  • There was a reduction in mortality, diarrhoea score/days and an improvement in growth performance parameters in pigs treated with monensin after the disease had been established, with ADG and FCR values significantly (P less than 0.05) different compared with the untreated controls [17].

Other interactions of ADG

  • There was evidence that the Porcilis APP vaccine did provide some protection against the serovar 15 challenge because the ADG, after challenge of pigs given this vaccine, was greater than the control pigs [18].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of ADG

  • Furthermore, vaccination resulted in improved average daily weight gain (ADG), improved feed conversion ratio (FCR), and improved days to market weight in herd C, whereas no difference in growth performance was shown in herd B [19].


  1. Interval mapping of growth in divergent swine cross. Paszek, A.A., Wilkie, P.J., Flickinger, G.H., Rohrer, G.A., Alexander, L.J., Beattie, C.W., Schook, L.B. Mamm. Genome (1999) [Pubmed]
  2. Studies of the field efficacy and safety of a single-dose Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae vaccine for pigs. Dawson, A., Harvey, R.E., Thevasagayam, S.J., Sherington, J., Peters, A.R. Vet. Rec. (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Genetic parameters for testosterone production in boars. Lubritz, D., Johnson, B., Robison, O.W. J. Anim. Sci. (1991) [Pubmed]
  4. Effect of ascariasis and respiratory diseases on growth rates in swine. Bernardo, T.M., Dohoo, I.R., Donald, A. Can. J. Vet. Res. (1990) [Pubmed]
  5. Dietary L-carnitine improves nitrogen utilization in growing pigs fed low energy, fat-containing diets. Heo, K., Odle, J., Han, I.K., Cho, W., Seo, S., van Heugten, E., Pilkington, D.H. J. Nutr. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. Characterization of the nutritional interactions between organic acids and inorganic bases in the pig and chick. Krause, D.O., Harrison, P.C., Easter, R.A. J. Anim. Sci. (1994) [Pubmed]
  7. Effects of errors in pedigree on three methods of estimating breeding value for litter size, backfat and average daily gain in swine. Long, T.E., Johnson, R.K., Keele, J.W. J. Anim. Sci. (1990) [Pubmed]
  8. Growth performance for four breeds of swine: crossbred females and purebred and crossbred boars. McLaren, D.G., Buchanan, D.S., Johnson, R.K. J. Anim. Sci. (1987) [Pubmed]
  9. A comparison of methods for ranking boars from different central test stations. Mabry, J.W., Benyshek, L.L., Johnson, M.H., Little, D.E. J. Anim. Sci. (1987) [Pubmed]
  10. Intake of essential fatty acids by growing-finishing pigs kept on smallholdings in central Vietnam. Nguyen, L.Q., Everts, H., Beynen, A.C. Tropical animal health and production. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Breed prenatal, breed postnatal and heterosis effects for postweaning traits in swine. Toelle, V.D., Robison, O.W. J. Anim. Sci. (1983) [Pubmed]
  12. Mapping, identification of polymorphisms and analysis of allele frequencies in the porcine skeletal muscle myopalladin and titin genes. Davoli, R., Braglia, S., Lama, B., Fontanesi, L., Buttazzoni, L., Baiocco, C., Russo, V. Cytogenet. Genome Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
  13. Field evaluation of thirteen regimens for the control of progressive atrophic rhinitis. Pejsak, Z., Wasińska, B., Markowska-Daniel, I., Hogg, A. Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. (1994) [Pubmed]
  14. Influence of dietary ss-glucan on growth performance, lymphocyte proliferation, specific immune response and haptoglobin plasma concentrations in pigs. Hiss, S., Sauerwein, H. Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition. (2003) [Pubmed]
  15. Effect of cadmium on lipid peroxidation and activities of antioxidant enzymes in growing pigs. Han, X.Y., Xu, Z.R., Wang, Y.Z., Huang, Q.C. Biological trace element research. (2006) [Pubmed]
  16. Effect of excessive dietary fluoride on nutrient digestibility and retention of iron, copper, zinc, and manganese in growing pigs. Tao, X., Xu, Z.R., Wang, Y.Z. Biological trace element research. (2005) [Pubmed]
  17. The effect of monensin against swine dysentery. Kyriakis, S.C. Br. Vet. J. (1989) [Pubmed]
  18. Comparison of the efficacy of a subunit and a live streptomycin-dependent porcine pleuropneumonia vaccine. Tumamao, J.Q., Bowles, R.E., van den Bosch, H., Klaasen, H.L., Fenwick, B.W., Storie, G.J., Blackall, P.J. Aust. Vet. J. (2004) [Pubmed]
  19. Evaluation of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae inactivated vaccine in pigs under field conditions. Okada, M., Sakano, T., Senna, K., Maruyama, T., Murofushi, J., Okonogi, H., Sato, S. J. Vet. Med. Sci. (1999) [Pubmed]
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