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Gene Review

RER2  -  Rer2p

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: DEDOL-PP synthase, Dehydrodolichyl diphosphate syntase complex subunit RER2, Ditrans,polycis-polyprenyl diphosphate synthase ((2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate specific), YBR002C, YBR0107
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Disease relevance of RER2


High impact information on RER2

  • The yeast RER2 gene, identified by endoplasmic reticulum protein localization mutations, encodes cis-prenyltransferase, a key enzyme in dolichol synthesis [2].
  • RER2 and SRT1, a gene whose overexpression suppresses rer2, encode novel proteins similar to each other, and their double disruption is lethal [2].
  • The difference in phenotypes between the rer2 mutant and previously obtained glycosylation mutants suggests a novel, as-yet-unknown role of dolichol [2].
  • The rer2 mutant shows several other characteristic phenotypes: slow growth, defects in N and O glycosylation, sensitivity to hygromycin B, and abnormal accumulation of membranes, including the ER and the Golgi membranes [2].
  • After screening the whole collection, we identified two genes involved in ER to Golgi trafficking: RER2, a cis-prenyl transferase, and USE1, the function of which was unknown [3].

Chemical compound and disease context of RER2

  • These results are consistent with the fact that the Rer2 homologue of Micrococcus luteus shows undecaprenyl diphosphate synthase activity (N. Shimizu, T. Koyama, and K. Ogura, J. Biol. Chem. 273:19476-19481, 1998) and demonstrate that E. coli Rth is indeed responsible for the maintenance of cell wall rigidity [4].

Biological context of RER2


Anatomical context of RER2

  • Taking these data together, we conclude that the RER2 gene family encodes cis-prenyltransferase, which plays an essential role in cell wall biosynthesis in bacteria and in dolichol synthesis in eukaryotic cells and has been well conserved during evolution [4].
  • In addition, cis-IPTase activity in microsomes from Delta rer2 cells overexpressing SRT1 was 7- to 17-fold higher than in microsomes from Delta rer2 cells [1].
  • Northern blot analysis indicated that testis and kidney expressed Dedol-PP synthase mRNA at high levels [6].

Associations of RER2 with chemical compounds

  • The polyprenol product of Srt1p is longer in chain length than that of Rer2p and is not sufficiently converted to dolichol and dolichyl phosphate, unlike that of Rer2p [7].
  • The products of the Rer2 and Srt1 proteins consist of 14-17 and 18-23 isoprene units, respectively [8].
  • On the other hand, elevation of cis-prenyltransferase activity by overexpression of the S. cerevisiae RER2 gene in these mutants led to an increase of dolichyl phosphate mannose synthase activity, but it did not influence the activity of O-mannosyltransferases [9].
  • Our work on the yeast rer2 mutants shows that they are defective in the activity of cis-prenyltransferase, namely, dehydrodolichyl diphosphate synthase, a key enzyme of dolichol synthesis [4].

Enzymatic interactions of RER2

  • The dolichol and Dol-P content of exponentially growing revertants of RER2 deleted cells (Delta rer2) and of cells overexpressing SRT1 have been determined by HPLC analysis [1].

Regulatory relationships of RER2

  • In this work we demonstrate that deletion or overexpression of SRT1 up-regulates the activity of Rer2p and dolichol content [8].

Other interactions of RER2

  • We have also isolated a multicopy suppressor of an rer2 mutant and named it SRT1 [7].
  • When RER2 was downregulated, cells secreted Hsp150p that was not of the mature size [10].


  1. An alternative cis-isoprenyltransferase activity in yeast that produces polyisoprenols with chain lengths similar to mammalian dolichols. Schenk, B., Rush, J.S., Waechter, C.J., Aebi, M. Glycobiology (2001) [Pubmed]
  2. The yeast RER2 gene, identified by endoplasmic reticulum protein localization mutations, encodes cis-prenyltransferase, a key enzyme in dolichol synthesis. Sato, M., Sato, K., Nishikawa, S., Hirata, A., Kato, J., Nakano, A. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  3. Yeast functional analysis: identification of two essential genes involved in ER to Golgi trafficking. Belgareh-Touzé, N., Corral-Debrinski, M., Launhardt, H., Galan, J.M., Munder, T., Le Panse, S., Haguenauer-Tsapis, R. Traffic (2003) [Pubmed]
  4. The Escherichia coli homologue of yeast RER2, a key enzyme of dolichol synthesis, is essential for carrier lipid formation in bacterial cell wall synthesis. Kato, J., Fujisaki, S., Nakajima, K., Nishimura, Y., Sato, M., Nakano, A. J. Bacteriol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  5. Overexpression of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae RER2 gene in Trichoderma reesei affects dolichol dependent enzymes and protein glycosylation. Perlińska-Lenart, U., Bańkowska, R., Palamarczyk, G., Kruszewska, J.S. Fungal Genet. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  6. Identification of human dehydrodolichyl diphosphate synthase gene. Endo, S., Zhang, Y.W., Takahashi, S., Koyama, T. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has two cis-prenyltransferases with different properties and localizations. Implication for their distinct physiological roles in dolichol synthesis. Sato, M., Fujisaki, S., Sato, K., Nishimura, Y., Nakano, A. Genes Cells (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. Functional relationships between the Saccharomyces cerevisiae cis-prenyltransferases required for dolichol biosynthesis. Grabińska, K., Sosińska, G., Orłowski, J., Swiezewska, E., Berges, T., Karst, F., Palamarczyk, G. Acta Biochim. Pol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Protein glycosylation in pmt mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Influence of heterologously expressed cellobiohydrolase II of Trichoderma reesei and elevated levels of GDP-mannose and cis-prenyltransferase activity. Górka-Nieć, W., Bańkowska, R., Palamarczyk, G., Krotkiewski, H., Kruszewska, J.S. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2007) [Pubmed]
  10. Screening for novel essential genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae involved in protein secretion. Davydenko, S.G., Juselius, J.K., Munder, T., Bogengruber, E., Jäntti, J., Keränen, S. Yeast (2004) [Pubmed]
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