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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
MeSH Review

Calendula

 
 
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Disease relevance of Calendula

  • RESULTS: The occurrence of acute dermatitis of grade 2 or higher was significantly lower (41% v 63%; P <.001) with the use of calendula than with trolamine [1].
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between July 1999 and June 2001, 254 patients who had been operated on for breast cancer and who were to receive postoperative radiation therapy were randomly allocated to application of either trolamine (128 patients) or calendula (126 patients) on the irradiated fields after each session [1].
 

High impact information on Calendula

  • Here, we report a class of FAD2-related enzymes that modifies a Delta(9)-double bond to produce the conjugated trans-Delta(8),trans-Delta(10)-double bonds found in calendic acid (18:3Delta(8trans,10trans,12cis)), the major component of the seed oil of Calendula officinalis [2].
  • Here we tested the activity of Calendula officinalis in vivo in male Fischer 344 rats initiated with N-nitrosodiethylamine, promoted with 2-acetylaminofluorene, and 70 % partially hepatectomized [3].
  • The mechanism by which the fatty acid (1,4)-desaturase of Calendula officinalis produces calendic acid from linoleic acid has been probed through the use of kinetic isotope effect (KIE) measurements [4].
  • The anti-inflammatory activity of different CO2 extracts is proportional to their content of faradiol monoester, which can be taken as a suitable parameter for the quality control of Calendula preparations [5].
  • By means of a bioassay-oriented fractionation of the CO2 extract of Calendula flowers, the triterpenoids are shown as the most important anti-inflammatory principles of the drug [5].
 

Chemical compound and disease context of Calendula

 

Anatomical context of Calendula

 

Associations of Calendula with chemical compounds

  • The goal of this study was to compare the effectiveness of calendula (Pommade au Calendula par Digestion; Boiron Ltd, Levallois-Perret, France) with that of trolamine (Biafine; Genmedix Ltd, France), which is considered in many institutions to be the reference topical agent [1].
  • Structure and in vitro antiviral activity of triterpenoid saponins from Calendula arvensis [9].
  • Simultaneous determination of bifonazole and tinctures of calendula flower in pharmaceutical creams by reversed-phase liquid chromatography [10].
  • INTERVENTIONS: Patients are randomly assigned to receive either (1) Calendula officinalis, (2) Ferrum muriaticum, or (3) placebo [11].
  • Intracellular localization of labelling of tocopherols with [U-14C]tyrosine in Calendula officinalis leaves [12].
 

Gene context of Calendula

  • Intracellular localization and some properties of UDPG: sterol glucosyltransferase from Calendula officinalis [13].
  • The purpose of this work was to evaluate the effects of infant dentifrices: A--with lactoperoxidase, glucose oxidase and lactoferrin; B--with 1100 ppm of NaF and sodium lauryl sulfate; C--with extract of calendula [14].
  • Adequate substrates for the development of calendula can be prepared by mixing C1 at up to 75% with peat or at up to 50% with CS, and C2 at up to 50% with peat or CS [15].
 

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Calendula

  • The effects of pressure and co-solvent on the extraction of anti-inflammatory faradiol esters in marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) were investigated by supercritical fluid extraction at laboratory and pilot scales [16].
  • Separation and isolation of the genuine faradiol esters (1, 2) from flower heads of Marigold (Calendula (officinalis L., Asteraceae) could be achieved by means of repeated column chromatography (CC) and HPLC for the first time [17].

References

  1. Phase III randomized trial of Calendula officinalis compared with trolamine for the prevention of acute dermatitis during irradiation for breast cancer. Pommier, P., Gomez, F., Sunyach, M.P., D'Hombres, A., Carrie, C., Montbarbon, X. J. Clin. Oncol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Formation of conjugated delta8,delta10-double bonds by delta12-oleic-acid desaturase-related enzymes: biosynthetic origin of calendic acid. Cahoon, E.B., Ripp, K.G., Hall, S.E., Kinney, A.J. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. A dual and opposite effect of Calendula officinalis flower extract: chemoprotector and promoter in a rat hepatocarcinogenesis model. Barajas-Farias, L.M., Pérez-Carreón, J.I., Arce-Popoca, E., Fattel-Fazenda, S., Alemán-Lazarini, L., Hernández-García, S., Salcido-Neyoy, M., Cruz-Jiménez, F.G., Camacho, J., Villa-Treviño, S. Planta Med. (2006) [Pubmed]
  4. Mechanism of 1,4-dehydrogenation catalyzed by a fatty acid (1,4)-desaturase of Calendula officinalis. Reed, D.W., Savile, C.K., Qiu, X., Buist, P.H., Covello, P.S. Eur. J. Biochem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  5. The role of triterpenoids in the topical anti-inflammatory activity of Calendula officinalis flowers. Della Loggia, R., Tubaro, A., Sosa, S., Becker, H., Saar, S., Isaac, O. Planta Med. (1994) [Pubmed]
  6. Contact sensitization from Compositae-containing herbal remedies and cosmetics. Paulsen, E. Contact Derm. (2002) [Pubmed]
  7. Genotoxic and anti-genotoxic properties of Calendula officinalis extracts in rat liver cell cultures treated with diethylnitrosamine. Pérez-Carreón, J.I., Cruz-Jiménez, G., Licea-Vega, J.A., Arce Popoca, E., Fattel Fazenda, S., Villa-Treviño, S. Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA. (2002) [Pubmed]
  8. The effect of inorganic pyrophosphate on the transport of oleanolic acid monoglycosides into vacuoles isolated from Calendula officinalis leaves. Szakiel, A., Janiszowska, W. Acta Biochim. Pol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  9. Structure and in vitro antiviral activity of triterpenoid saponins from Calendula arvensis. De Tommasi, N., Conti, C., Stein, M.L., Pizza, C. Planta Med. (1991) [Pubmed]
  10. Simultaneous determination of bifonazole and tinctures of calendula flower in pharmaceutical creams by reversed-phase liquid chromatography. Ferreyra, C.F., Ortiz, C.S. Journal of AOAC International. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. A double-blind, randomized, homeopathic pathogenetic trial with healthy persons: comparing two high potencies. Möllinger, H., Schneider, R., Löffel, M., Walach, H. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und klassische Naturheilkunde = Research in complementary and natural classical medicine. (2004) [Pubmed]
  12. Intracellular localization of labelling of tocopherols with [U-14C]tyrosine in Calendula officinalis leaves. Janiszowska, W., Jasińska, R. Acta Biochim. Pol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  13. Intracellular localization and some properties of UDPG: sterol glucosyltransferase from Calendula officinalis. Wojciechowski, Z.A., van Uon, N. Acta Biochim. Pol. (1975) [Pubmed]
  14. Effects of three different infant dentifrices on biofilms and oral microorganisms. Modesto, A., Lima, K.C., de Uzeda, M. The Journal of clinical pediatric dentistry. (2000) [Pubmed]
  15. Growth of ornamental plants in two composts prepared from agroindustrial wastes. Garcia-Gomez, A., Bernal, M.P., Roig, A. Bioresour. Technol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of marigold at high pressures: comparison of analytical and pilot-scale extraction. Baumann, D., Adler, S., Griiner, S., Otto, F., Weinreich, B., Hamburger, M. Phytochemical analysis : PCA. (2004) [Pubmed]
  17. Anti-oedematous activities of the main triterpendiol esters of marigold (Calendula officinalis L.). Zitterl-Eglseer, K., Sosa, S., Jurenitsch, J., Schubert-Zsilavecz, M., Della Loggia, R., Tubaro, A., Bertoldi, M., Franz, C. Journal of ethnopharmacology. (1997) [Pubmed]
 
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