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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Accidents, Traffic

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Disease relevance of Accidents, Traffic


Psychiatry related information on Accidents, Traffic

  • Compulsory notification appeared to result in the identification of epilepsy as the important medical reason for controlling licenses, but failed to recognise sleep disorders or alcoholism, both more significant causes of traffic accidents [6].

High impact information on Accidents, Traffic

  • Additional studies are needed both to elucidate the association between cocaine use and these fatalities and to determine the value of screening persons seriously injured in traffic accidents in areas where such drug use is endemic [7].
  • We also describe 5 subjects involved in road traffic accidents in whom MDMA was identified [8].
  • METHODS: Thirteen consecutive patients with PAOD were examined (clinical stage according to Fontaine II, three patients; III, three patients, and IV, seven patients) and compared with five age-matched control patients who had been in traffic accidents [9].
  • OBJECTIVES: Insulin-treated patients with diabetes are at a higher risk than the general population in causing traffic accidents due to hypoglycaemias [10].
  • CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol intake is a major risk factor for severe injuries from highway traffic accidents [11].

Chemical compound and disease context of Accidents, Traffic

  • We evaluated severity of head injury by Marshall score [a classification scale of intracranial pathology on head computed axial tomogram (CT)], and blood-alcohol concentration (BAC), while controlling for crash characteristics [traffic accident deformity score (TAD) and belt use] [12].

Biological context of Accidents, Traffic

  • The data on RTA, injuries and fatalities was obtained from the Traffic Department of the Ministry of Interior, Supreme Council for Planning and Ministry of Public Health. The major cause of traffic accidents in Qatar was careless driving (71%) [13].

Anatomical context of Accidents, Traffic

  • We present an unusual pattern of injury of a pure lateral flexion distraction fracture of the T12 vertebra with no posterior element disruption following a blow to the right torso to a passenger in a road traffic accident [14].

Associations of Accidents, Traffic with chemical compounds


Gene context of Accidents, Traffic

  • Imported strains of MRSA, often introduced following the repatriation of road traffic accident victims, may include strains with epidemic potential and local spread has followed importation in at least two incidents [20].
  • Rupture was described in three cases of PRCC (8.3%): it was spontaneous in two cases and resulted from a traffic accident in the third [21].
  • Here we report the first assessment of human brain flavin-containing monooxygenase from tissues obtained at autopsy from seven traffic accident victims [22].
  • For this purpose we measured AChE activity in CSF in 30 samples from fresh bodies autopsied after traffic accidents and in six after poisoning with organophosphorous insecticides [23].
  • CONCLUSION: Drivers with MS were treated more often than healthy controls at a casualty department after having a road traffic accident [24].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Accidents, Traffic


  1. The effect of epilepsy or diabetes mellitus on the risk of automobile accidents. Hansotia, P., Broste, S.K. N. Engl. J. Med. (1991) [Pubmed]
  2. Delayed symptoms and death after minor head trauma with occult vertebral artery injury. Auer, R.N., Krcek, J., Butt, J.C. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (1994) [Pubmed]
  3. 'Sleep attacks' or 'unintended sleep episodes' occur with dopamine agonists: is this a class effect? Chaudhuri, K.R., Pal, S., Brefel-Courbon, C. Drug safety : an international journal of medical toxicology and drug experience. (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. Risk of accidents in drivers with epilepsy. Taylor, J., Chadwick, D., Johnson, T. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (1996) [Pubmed]
  5. Risk of traffic accidents in patients with sleep-disordered breathing: reduction with nasal CPAP. Cassel, W., Ploch, T., Becker, C., Dugnus, D., Peter, J.H., von Wichert, P. Eur. Respir. J. (1996) [Pubmed]
  6. Epilepsy and driving in South Australia--an assessment of compulsory notification. Black, A.B., Lai, N.Y. Medicine and law. (1997) [Pubmed]
  7. Prevalence of recent cocaine use among motor vehicle fatalities in New York City. Marzuk, P.M., Tardiff, K., Leon, A.C., Stajic, M., Morgan, E.B., Mann, J.J. JAMA (1990) [Pubmed]
  8. Toxicity and deaths from 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine ("ecstasy"). Henry, J.A., Jeffreys, K.J., Dawling, S. Lancet (1992) [Pubmed]
  9. Expression of myosin heavy chain isoforms in skeletal muscle of patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Steinacker, J.M., Opitz-Gress, A., Baur, S., Lormes, W., Bolkart, K., Sunder-Plassmann, L., Liewald, F., Lehmann, M., Liu, Y. J. Vasc. Surg. (2000) [Pubmed]
  10. Traffic hypoglycaemias and accidents in patients with diabetes mellitus treated with different antidiabetic regimens. Harsch, I.A., Stocker, S., Radespiel-Tröger, M., Hahn, E.G., Konturek, P.C., Ficker, J.H., Lohmann, T. J. Intern. Med. (2002) [Pubmed]
  11. Alcohol intake and severity of injuries on highways in Mexico: a comparative analysis. Híjar, M., Flores, M., López, M.V., Rosovsky, H. Addiction (1998) [Pubmed]
  12. The effects of alcohol on head injury in the motor vehicle crash victim. Cunningham, R.M., Maio, R.F., Hill, E.M., Zink, B.J. Alcohol Alcohol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  13. The neglected epidemic: road traffic accidents in a developing country, State of Qatar. Bener, A. International journal of injury control and safety promotion. (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. A mechanism of lateral flexion distraction injury of the spine. Oliver, A., Allan, D.B. Injury. (2005) [Pubmed]
  15. Risk of traffic accident injury after a prescription for a benzodiazepine. Neutel, C.I. Annals of epidemiology. (1995) [Pubmed]
  16. Cocaine-related deaths. Lora-Tamayo, C., Tena, T., Rodriguez, A. Journal of chromatography. A. (1994) [Pubmed]
  17. Effects of random breath testing on hospital admissions of traffic-accident casualties in the Hunter Health Region. Hardes, G., Gibberd, R.W., Lam, P., Callcott, R., Dobson, A.J., Leeder, S.R. Med. J. Aust. (1985) [Pubmed]
  18. Detection and quantification of lorazepam in human hair by GC-MS/NCI in a case of traffic accident. Cirimele, V., Kintz, P., Mangin, P. Int. J. Legal Med. (1996) [Pubmed]
  19. Amphetamine derivative related deaths in northern Greece. Raikos, N., Tsoukali, H., Psaroulis, D., Vassiliadis, N., Tsoungas, M., Njau, S.N. Forensic Sci. Int. (2002) [Pubmed]
  20. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in England and Wales. Marples, R.R., Reith, S. Communicable disease report. CDR review. (1992) [Pubmed]
  21. Rupture of papillary renal cell carcinoma. Hora, M., Hes, O., Klecka, J., Boudová, L., Chudácek, Z., Kreuzberg, B., Michal, M. Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  22. Flavin-containing monooxygenase mediated metabolism of psychoactive drugs by human brain microsomes. Bhamre, S., Bhagwat, S.V., Shankar, S.K., Boyd, M.R., Ravindranath, V. Brain Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  23. The diagnosis of organophosphorus fatal intoxication by the AChE activity in CSF. Coutselinis, A., Boukis, D. Arch. Toxicol. (1978) [Pubmed]
  24. Driving accident frequency increased in patients with multiple sclerosis. Lings, S. Acta neurologica Scandinavica. (2002) [Pubmed]
  25. Severe hypoglycaemia due to combined use of parenteral nutrition and renal dialysis. Miller, J.D., Broom, J., Smith, G. British medical journal (Clinical research ed.) (1982) [Pubmed]
  26. Contralateral total steal associated with direct high-flow shunt between carotid artery and internal jugular vein after digital compression of carotid artery for posttraumatic carotid-cavernous fistula: a study of selective four-vessel angiography findings. Yao, K., Li, N. The Journal of craniofacial surgery. (2005) [Pubmed]
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