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Disease relevance of Supination


Psychiatry related information on Supination


High impact information on Supination

  • Biomechanical variables that demonstrated significantly lower values for the injury free group were the vertical force impact peak and the maximal vertical loading rate, with the maximal rate of rearfoot pronation and the touchdown supination angle showing a trend toward being greater in the injury free group [3].
  • The recent human capitate-MC 2 and 3 morphology may reflect a shift in habitual joint reaction forces from more axial to more oblique forces while maintaining similar pronation/supination of the MC2 [4].
  • We have adapted a mechanic device (pronation/supination device, PSD) to monitor motor performance during the fMRI experiment [5].
  • In children the difference may be even greater due to anatomical differences causing the dramatic increases in the strength of supination after surgery for OBPP [6].
  • For the BB VO(2) and EMG were linearly related to both the flexion moment and the pro/supination moment [7].

Anatomical context of Supination

  • Division of the lateral collateral ligament caused maximal laxity of 4 degrees and 23 degrees during forced PST in valgus and external rotation (supination), respectively [8].
  • In children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) who develop an internal rotation deformity of the shoulder, release of subscapularis improves the range of external rotation of the shoulder and the strength of supination of the forearm [6].
  • The supination effect of tendon transfer of the flexor carpi ulnaris to the extensor carpi radialis brevis or longus: a cadaveric study [9].

Associations of Supination with chemical compounds

  • Calcaneal to vertical touchdown angle, and maximum supination velocity were significant rearfoot movement discriminators [10].
  • The procedure reduces the power of wrist and finger flexion by release of the flexor pronator origin, and reinforces the strength of extension and supination of the wrist by transfer of flexor carpi ulnaris [11].
  • RESULTS: Control subjects had significantly higher peak torque in wrist extension, flexion, supination, and pronation than CTD subjects on the symptomatic side [12].
  • The Foot Posture Index score was determined and resistance to supination was measured in 18 subjects (36 feet) [13].
  • MR images in the axial and coronal planes were acquired at maximum pronation, in the neutral position and at maximum supination [14].

Gene context of Supination

  • Total division of the LCLC induced a maximal laxity of 7.9 degrees and 37 degrees during forced PST in valgus and external rotation (supination), respectively [8].
  • Patients treated by injection of SRS apatite had better grip strength, wrist extension and forearm supination at 7 weeks [15].
  • We present a patient with dystonia musculorum deformans who had severe inversion and supination of his left foot with weight bearing [16].
  • Long term results (average, 44 months) were assessed using the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand outcomes questionnaire, isokinetic testing of elbow flexion and supination (strength and endurance), and patient satisfaction [17].
  • The results revealed that supination torques were stronger overall with a mean maximum value of 16.2 Nm recorded for the forearm 75% prone [18].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Supination

  • The aim of this project was to determine whether resistance of the foot to supination or the Foot Posture Index could predict the static stance response to different types of prefabricated foot orthoses [13].


  1. Three-dimensional video analysis of forearm rotation before and after combined pronator teres rerouting and flexor carpi ulnaris tendon transfer surgery in patients with cerebral palsy. Kreulen, M., Smeulders, M.J., Veeger, H.E., Hage, J.J., van der Horst, C.M. Journal of hand surgery (Edinburgh, Lothian) (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Phenotype of 49,XXYYY. Das, G.P., Shukla, A., Verma, I.C. Clin. Genet. (1993) [Pubmed]
  3. Evaluation of lower extremity overuse injury potential in runners. Hreljac, A., Marshall, R.N., Hume, P.A. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. (2000) [Pubmed]
  4. Neandertal capitate-metacarpal articular morphology. Niewoehner, W.A., Weaver, A.H., Trinkaus, E. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  5. Monitoring of task performance during functional magnetic resonance imaging of sensorimotor cortex at 1.5 T. Baudendistel, K., Schad, L.R., Wenz, F., Essig, M., Schröder, J., Jahn, T., Knopp, M.V., Lorenz, W.J. Magnetic resonance imaging. (1996) [Pubmed]
  6. The relationship between the strength of supination of the forearm and rotation of the shoulder. Savva, N., McAllen, C.J., Giddins, G.E. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Muscle oxygen consumption, determined by NIRS, in relation to external force and EMG. Praagman, M., Veeger, H.E., Chadwick, E.K., Colier, W.N., van der Helm, F.C. Journal of biomechanics. (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. Posterolateral elbow joint instability: the basic kinematics. Olsen, B.S., Søjbjerg, J.O., Nielsen, K.K., Vaesel, M.T., Dalstra, M., Sneppen, O. Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.]. (1998) [Pubmed]
  9. The supination effect of tendon transfer of the flexor carpi ulnaris to the extensor carpi radialis brevis or longus: a cadaveric study. Van Heest, A.E., Murthy, N.S., Sathy, M.R., Wentorf, F.A. The Journal of hand surgery. (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. Etiology of iliotibial band friction syndrome in distance runners. Messier, S.P., Edwards, D.G., Martin, D.F., Lowery, R.B., Cannon, D.W., James, M.K., Curl, W.W., Read, H.M., Hunter, D.M. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. (1995) [Pubmed]
  11. Selective release of the flexor origin with transfer of flexor carpi ulnaris in cerebral palsy. El-Said, N.S. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume. (2001) [Pubmed]
  12. Isokinetic peak torque in women with unilateral cumulative trauma disorders and healthy control subjects. Friedman, P.J. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. (1998) [Pubmed]
  13. Static stance response to different types of foot orthoses. Payne, C., Oates, M., Noakes, H. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association. (2003) [Pubmed]
  14. Dynamic changes in the shape of the triangular fibrocartilage complex during rotation demonstrated with high resolution magnetic resonance imaging. Nakamura, T., Yabe, Y., Horiuchi, Y. Journal of hand surgery (Edinburgh, Lothian) (1999) [Pubmed]
  15. Norian SRS versus external fixation in redisplaced distal radial fractures. A randomized study in 40 patients. Kopylov, P., Runnqvist, K., Jonsson, K., Aspenberg, P. Acta orthopaedica Scandinavica. (1999) [Pubmed]
  16. Orthotic technique for dystonia musculorum deformans. Hurvitz, E.A., Ellenberg, M.R., Lupo, R., Honet, J.C., Sjogren, J.L., Iannace, L. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. (1988) [Pubmed]
  17. Distal biceps ruptures. A followup of Boyd and Anderson repair. Karunakar, M.A., Cha, P., Stern, P.J. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
  18. Upper-limb surface electro-myography at maximum supination and pronation torques: the effect of elbow and forearm angle. O'Sullivan, L.W., Gallwey, T.J. Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology. (2002) [Pubmed]
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