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MeSH Review

Brachial Plexus

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Disease relevance of Brachial Plexus


Psychiatry related information on Brachial Plexus


High impact information on Brachial Plexus


Chemical compound and disease context of Brachial Plexus


Biological context of Brachial Plexus


Anatomical context of Brachial Plexus

  • Results of this study support previous conclusions that P10 is generated in peripheral nerves (brachial plexus), P14 in medial lemniscus, N19 in sensory radiation, and P23 in sensory cortex [22].
  • Specifically, we show how the expression domains of Hoxa-7, a-9 and a-10 in spinal ganglia correspond similarly in both mouse and chick with the positions of the brachial and lumbosacral plexuses, and that this is true even though the brachial plexus of chick is shifted posteriorly, relative to mouse, by seven segmental units [23].
  • After median nerve stimulation, the brachial plexus volley, dorsal column volley (N11), N13, P14, N18, N20, and P22 potentials are recorded [24].
  • Three of the seven AAS patients who reported brachial plexus symptoms had an ulnar nerve distribution of injury [25].
  • Compressive neuropathy of the brachial plexus and long thoracic nerve: a rare complication of heparin anticoagulation [26].

Associations of Brachial Plexus with chemical compounds


Gene context of Brachial Plexus

  • Brachial plexus (N9, P9) and dorsal column (P11) responses were not modified by vibrations [32].
  • Simultaneous GDNF and BDNF application leads to increased motoneuron survival and improved functional outcome in an experimental model for obstetric brachial plexus lesions [33].
  • Potential P10 seems to originate in the brachial plexus, P12 most likely is generated in dorsal column nuclei and medial lemniscus, P14 is probably thalamic in origin but is frequently bilobed and may have a second generator source, and N19 may originate in sensory radiation or cortex [34].
  • During segregation of phrenic and brachial axonal populations at the brachial plexus (E12.5-E13), PSA-NCAM expression was restricted to phrenics, being absent from brachial motoneurons [35].
  • Increased N14 potential was associated with an increase in N19 and P22 potentials, and either a decrease (base) or no change (train) in the brachial plexus potential [36].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Brachial Plexus


  1. Hereditary neuralgic amyotrophy and hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies: two distinct genetic disorders. Chance, P.F., Lensch, M.W., Lipe, H., Brown, R.H., Brown, R.H., Bird, T.D. Neurology (1994) [Pubmed]
  2. The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of bupivacaine-loaded microspheres on a brachial plexus block model in sheep. Estebe, J.P., Le Corre, P., Du Plessis, L., Chevanne, F., Cathelineau, G., Le Verge, R., Ecoffey, C. Anesth. Analg. (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. Grand mal convulsion and plasma concentrations after intravascular injection of ropivacaine for axillary brachial plexus blockade. Müller, M., Litz, R.J., Hüler, M., Albrecht, D.M. British journal of anaesthesia. (2001) [Pubmed]
  4. Birth weight as a predictor of brachial plexus injury. Ecker, J.L., Greenberg, J.A., Norwitz, E.R., Nadel, A.S., Repke, J.T. Obstetrics and gynecology. (1997) [Pubmed]
  5. Neuromuscular hamartoma (benign "triton" tumor) of the brachial plexus. Case report. Awasthi, D., Kline, D.G., Beckman, E.N. J. Neurosurg. (1991) [Pubmed]
  6. Reactivation of phantom limb pain after combined interscalene brachial plexus block and general anesthesia: successful treatment with intravenous lidocaine. Lee, E., Donovan, K. Anesthesiology (1995) [Pubmed]
  7. Analgesia and effectiveness of levobupivacaine compared with ropivacaine in patients undergoing an axillary brachial plexus block. Cline, E., Franz, D., Polley, R.D., Maye, J., Burkard, J., Pellegrini, J. AANA journal. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Hemodynamic and neurohormonal effects of clonidine in patients with preganglionic and postganglionic sympathetic lesions. Evidence for a central sympatholytic action. Kooner, J.S., Birch, R., Frankel, H.L., Peart, W.S., Mathias, C.J. Circulation (1991) [Pubmed]
  9. The role of retinoid-binding proteins in the generation of pattern in the developing limb, the regenerating limb and the nervous system. Maden, M., Ong, D.E., Summerbell, D., Chytil, F. Development (1989) [Pubmed]
  10. Developmental apraxia arising from neonatal brachial plexus palsy. Brown, T., Cupido, C., Scarfone, H., Pape, K., Galea, V., McComas, A. Neurology (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. Somatosensory evoked potentials in patients with supraclavicular brachial plexus injuries. Synek, V.M., Cowan, J.C. Neurology (1982) [Pubmed]
  12. Brachial plexus neuropathy as the initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus. Bloch, S.L., Jarrett, M.P., Swerdlow, M., Grayzel, A.I. Neurology (1979) [Pubmed]
  13. Interscalene and infraclavicular block for bilateral distal radius fracture. Maurer, K., Ekatodramis, G., Rentsch, K., Borgeat, A. Anesth. Analg. (2002) [Pubmed]
  14. Interscalene brachial plexus block with bupivacaine and ropivacaine in patients with chronic renal failure: diaphragmatic excursion and pulmonary function changes. Altintas, F., Gumus, F., Kaya, G., Mihmanli, I., Kantarci, F., Kaynak, K., Cansever, M.S. Anesth. Analg. (2005) [Pubmed]
  15. The place for scalenectomy and first-rib resection in thoracic outlet syndrome. Roos, D.B. Surgery (1982) [Pubmed]
  16. Seizure after levobupivacaine for interscalene brachial plexus block. Crews, J.C., Rothman, T.E. Anesth. Analg. (2003) [Pubmed]
  17. Ablation of the brachial plexus. Control of intractable pain, due to a pathological fracture of the humerus. Neill, R.S. Anaesthesia. (1979) [Pubmed]
  18. Continuous infraclavicular brachial plexus block for postoperative pain control at home: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. Ilfeld, B.M., Morey, T.E., Enneking, F.K. Anesthesiology (2002) [Pubmed]
  19. Pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine in uremic and nonuremic patients after axillary brachial plexus block. Pere, P., Salonen, M., Jokinen, M., Rosenberg, P.H., Neuvonen, P.J., Haasio, J. Anesth. Analg. (2003) [Pubmed]
  20. Neurogenic motor evoked potentials: role in brachial plexus surgery. Case report. Burkholder, L.M., Houlden, D.A., Midha, R., Weiss, E., Vennettilli, M. J. Neurosurg. (2003) [Pubmed]
  21. Predicting successful brachial plexus block using changes in skin electrical resistance. Smith, G.B., Wilson, G.R., Curry, C.H., May, S.N., Arthurson, G.M., Robinson, D.A., Cross, G.D. British journal of anaesthesia. (1988) [Pubmed]
  22. Recovery function of short-latency components of the human somatosensory evoked potential. Meyer-Hardting, E., Wiederholt, W.C., Budnick, B. Arch. Neurol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  23. Evidence that Hoxa expression domains are evolutionarily transposed in spinal ganglia, and are established by forward spreading in paraxial mesoderm. Gaunt, S.J., Dean, W., Sang, H., Burton, R.D. Mech. Dev. (1999) [Pubmed]
  24. Generators of short latency human somatosensory-evoked potentials recorded over the spine and scalp. Lee, E.K., Seyal, M. Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society. (1998) [Pubmed]
  25. Hands-up positioning during asymmetric sternal retraction for internal mammary artery harvest: a possible method to reduce brachial plexus injury. Jellish, W.S., Blakeman, B., Warf, P., Slogoff, S. Anesth. Analg. (1997) [Pubmed]
  26. Compressive neuropathy of the brachial plexus and long thoracic nerve: a rare complication of heparin anticoagulation. Elesber, A.A., Kent, P.D., Jennings, C.A. Chest (2001) [Pubmed]
  27. Continuous blockade of both brachial plexus with ropivacaine in phantom pain: a case report. Lierz, P., Schroegendorfer, K., Choi, S., Felleiter, P., Kress, H.G. Pain (1998) [Pubmed]
  28. Ropivacaine. A review of its pharmacology and therapeutic use in regional anaesthesia. Markham, A., Faulds, D. Drugs (1996) [Pubmed]
  29. Levobupivacaine: a review of its pharmacology and use as a local anaesthetic. Foster, R.H., Markham, A. Drugs (2000) [Pubmed]
  30. Potent and long lasting antinociceptive effects after injection of low doses of a mu-opioid receptor agonist, fentanyl, into the brachial plexus sheath of the rat. Kayser, V., Gobeaux, D., Lombard, M.C., Guilbaud, G., Besson, J.M. Pain (1990) [Pubmed]
  31. Normal brachial plexus: MR imaging. Blair, D.N., Rapoport, S., Sostman, H.D., Blair, O.C. Radiology. (1987) [Pubmed]
  32. Interference of vibrations with input transmission in dorsal horn and cuneate nucleus in man: a study of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) to electrical stimulation of median nerve and fingers. Ibañez, V., Deiber, M.P., Mauguière, F. Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale. (1989) [Pubmed]
  33. Simultaneous GDNF and BDNF application leads to increased motoneuron survival and improved functional outcome in an experimental model for obstetric brachial plexus lesions. Aszmann, O.C., Korak, K.J., Kropf, N., Fine, E., Aebischer, P., Frey, M. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. (2002) [Pubmed]
  34. Short-latency somatosensory evoked potentials. Kritchevsky, M., Wiederholt, W.C. Arch. Neurol. (1978) [Pubmed]
  35. Polysialylated NCAM expression during motor axon outgrowth and myogenesis in the fetal rat. Allan, D.W., Greer, J.J. J. Comp. Neurol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  36. Operant conditioning of the short-latency cervical somatosensory evoked potential in quadriplegics. Finley, W.W. Exp. Neurol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  37. A comparison of ropivacaine 0.5% and bupivacaine 0.5% for brachial plexus block. Hickey, R., Hoffman, J., Ramamurthy, S. Anesthesiology (1991) [Pubmed]
  38. Systemically administered alpha2-agonist-induced peripheral vasoconstriction in humans. Talke, P., Lobo, E., Brown, R. Anesthesiology (2003) [Pubmed]
  39. Anesthesia for creation of a forearm fistula in patients with endstage renal failure. Mouquet, C., Bitker, M.O., Bailliart, O., Rottembourg, J., Clergue, F., Montejo, L.S., Martineaud, J.P., Viars, P. Anesthesiology (1989) [Pubmed]
  40. Respiratory effects of low-dose bupivacaine interscalene block. al-Kaisy, A.A., Chan, V.W., Perlas, A. British journal of anaesthesia. (1999) [Pubmed]
  41. Regional anaesthesia for surgery of the forearm and hand. A technique of combined supraclavicular and discrete blocks. Smith, B.E., Challands, J.F., Suchak, M., Siggins, D. Anaesthesia. (1989) [Pubmed]
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