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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Molecular cloning and expression of a novel keratinocyte protein (psoriasis-associated fatty acid-binding protein [PA-FABP]) that is highly up-regulated in psoriatic skin and that shares similarity to fatty acid-binding proteins.

Analysis by means of two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis of the protein patterns of normal and psoriatic unfractionated non-cultured keratinocytes has revealed a few low-molecular-weight proteins that are highly up-regulated in psoriatic skin. These include psoriasin; calgranulin B, also known as MRP 14, L1, or calprotectin; calgranulin A or MRP 8; and cystatin A or stefin A. Here, we have cloned and sequenced the cDNA (clone 1592) encoding a new member of this group of low-molecular-weight proteins [isoelectric focusing (IEF) SSP 3007 in the keratinocyte 2D gel protein database] that we have termed PA-FABP (psoriasis-associated fatty acid-binding protein). The deduced sequence predicted a protein with molecular weight of 15,164 daltons and a calculated pI of 6.96, values that are close to those recorded in the keratinocyte 2D gel protein database. The protein comigrated with PA-FABP as determined by 2D gel analysis of [35S]-methionine-labeled proteins expressed by transformed human amnion (AMA) cells transfected with clone 1592 using the vaccinia virus expression system and reacted with a rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against 2D gel purified PA-FABP. Structural analysis of the amino acid sequence revealed 48%, 52%, and 56% identity to known low-molecular-weight fatty acid-binding proteins belonging to the FABP family. Northern blot analysis showed that PA-FABP mRNA is indeed highly up-regulated in psoriatic keratinocytes. The transcript is present in human cell lines of epithelial and lymphoid (Molt 4) origin but cannot be detected in normal or SV40 transformed MRC-5 fibroblasts. 2D gel protein analysis of normal primary keratinocytes cultured for at least 8 d under conditions that promoted incomplete terminal differentiation [serum-free keratinocyte (SFK) medium supplemented with epidermal growth factor ( EGF), pituitary extract, and 10% fetal calf serum] revealed a strong up-regulation of PA-FABP, psoriasin, calgranulins A and B, and a few other proteins that are highly expressed in psoriatic skin. The levels of these proteins exceeded by far those observed in non-cultured normal keratinocytes implying that the cultured cells have followed an altered pattern of differentiation that resembles--at least in part--that of non-cultured psoriatic keratinocytes. The implications of these results for the study of psoriasis are discussed.[1]

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