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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
Gene Review

Iglv1  -  immunoglobulin lambda variable 1

Mus musculus

Synonyms: 1810027O01Rik, Igl-V1
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Disease relevance of Igl-V1

  • To determine whether a signal-competent Ig complex can already be assembled in the ER, we analyzed the consequence of pervanadate on tyrosine phosphorylation of Ig alpha in J558L plasmacytoma and 38B9 pre-B cells transfected with either a transport-competent IgL chain-pairing or an ER-retained nonpairing micro HC [1].

High impact information on Igl-V1

  • These findings reveal a direct involvement of the Ig light chain (IgL) in B cell signaling and development beyond the requirement of light chains for BCR assembly [2].
  • Frequencies of multiple IgL chain gene rearrangements in single normal or kappaL chain-deficient B lineage cells [3].
  • These IgL chain gene rearrangement assays were used with small pre-BII cells that develop in comparably high numbers in the bone marrow of wild-type, Ckappa-deficient, and JCkappa-deficient homozygous and heterozygous mice [4].
  • A second IgL chain was genetically introduced into Rag-2-/- knockout mice expressing the autoreactive PC-specific Ig receptor [5].
  • Co-expression of mRNA for lambda 5 but not for IgL chain (kappa, lambda) genes resulted in the generation of cell surface mu chain in these clones [6].

Biological context of Igl-V1

  • Phylogenetic tree reconstruction based on amino acid sequence alignments showed at least three of the four rat Igl-V sequences clustering with distinct human Igl-V genes [7].
  • Thus, although rats express lambda-bearing Ig at levels no higher than mice, the rat Igl-V locus is considerably more complex than that of laboratory mice, and its diversity reflects the products of gene duplications which predate the time of primate/rodent divergence [7].
  • In order to determine the extent of the repertoire of the immunoglobulin light chain V-region locus (Igl-V) in the laboratory rat (Rattus norvegicus), we constructed a specifically primed cDNA library from lipopolysaccharide-stimulated DA strain rat spleens [7].
  • Firstly we show that, in contrast to the murine BCP cells, the IL-7 response of human BCP-ALL cells did not correlate with the status of IgH chain gene rearrangement and expression, nor with the rearrangement of IgL chain genes [8].
  • By contrast, the presence of the transgene did not affect the small pre-B stage, where IgL rearrangements occur [9].

Anatomical context of Igl-V1

  • Here we provide evidence that at later stages of B cell development, additional mechanisms may contribute to prioritizing expression of single IgH and IgL alleles [10].
  • Finally, we demonstrate that these alterations only occur in cell lines of the lymphocyte lineage that have progressed past the early pre-B cell stage; when inactive, both k and lambda IgL genes possess typical nucleosomal packaging and co-fractionate with histone H1-containing chromatin [11].

Associations of Igl-V1 with chemical compounds

  • Withdrawal of IL-7 from cultures has been shown to lead to increases in mature traits such as RAG expression, IgL rearrangements and expression of sIgM [12].
  • Sequence analysis of two Atlantic cod genomic clones (14,966 and 13,116 bp in length) revealed a very compact IgL chain locus with the VL genes in opposite transcriptional orientation to the JL and the CL genes [13].

Other interactions of Igl-V1

  • Translocation of c-myc to IgH switch regions, or less frequently to one of the IgL loci, is essentially an invariant event in murine plasmacytomas [14].
  • Gene targeting in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells was used to replace (i) the mouse immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) Cgamma2a gene segment (mCgamma2a) with the human Cgamma1 gene segment (hCgamma1), and (ii) the mouse immunoglobulin light chain (IgL) Ckappa gene segment (mC kappa) with its human counterpart (hC kappa) [15].


  1. Immunoglobulin mu heavy chains do not mediate tyrosine phosphorylation of Ig alpha from the ER-cis-Golgi. Mielenz, D., Ruschel, A., Vettermann, C., Jäck, H.M. J. Immunol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  2. A point mutation in the constant region of Ig lambda1 prevents normal B cell development due to defective BCR signaling. Sun, T., Clark, M.R., Storb, U. Immunity (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Frequencies of multiple IgL chain gene rearrangements in single normal or kappaL chain-deficient B lineage cells. Yamagami, T., ten Boekel, E., Andersson, J., Rolink, A., Melchers, F. Immunity (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. Four of five RAG-expressing JCkappa-/- small pre-BII cells have no L chain gene rearrangements: detection by high-efficiency single cell PCR. Yamagami, T., ten Boekel, E., Schaniel, C., Andersson, J., Rolink, A., Melchers, F. Immunity (1999) [Pubmed]
  5. Autoreactive B cells escape clonal deletion by expressing multiple antigen receptors. Kenny, J.J., Rezanka, L.J., Lustig, A., Fischer, R.T., Yoder, J., Marshall, S., Longo, D.L. J. Immunol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. Identification of IL-7-dependent bone marrow-derived Thy-1-B220- lymphoid cell clones that rearrange and express both Ig and T cell receptor genes. Takai, Y., Sakata, T., Iwagami, S., Tai, X.G., Kita, Y., Hamaoka, T., Sakaguchi, N., Yamagishi, H., Tsuruta, Y., Teraoka, H. J. Immunol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  7. Transcription and diversity of immunoglobulin lambda chain variable genes in the rat. Aguilar, B.A., Gutman, G.A. Immunogenetics (1992) [Pubmed]
  8. Heterogeneity of proliferative responses of human B cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) cells to interleukin 7 (IL-7): no correlation with immunoglobulin gene status and expression of IL-7 receptor or IL-2/IL-4/IL-7 receptor common gamma chain genes. Smiers, F.J., van Paassen, M., Pouwels, K., Beishuizen, A., Hählen, K., Löwenberg, B., Touw, I.P. Leukemia (1995) [Pubmed]
  9. Early expression of Ig mu chain from a transgene significantly reduces the duration of the pro-B stage but does not affect the small pre-B stage. Arakawa, H., Takeda, S. Int. Immunol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  10. Nonequivalent nuclear location of immunoglobulin alleles in B lymphocytes. Skok, J.A., Brown, K.E., Azuara, V., Caparros, M.L., Baxter, J., Takacs, K., Dillon, N., Gray, D., Perry, R.P., Merkenschlager, M., Fisher, A.G. Nat. Immunol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  11. Differentiation-dependent chromatin alterations precede and accompany transcription of immunoglobulin light chain genes. Rose, S.M., Garrard, W.T. J. Biol. Chem. (1984) [Pubmed]
  12. IL-7 does not prevent pro-B/pre-B cell maturation to the immature/sIgM(+) stage. Milne, C.D., Fleming, H.E., Paige, C.J. Eur. J. Immunol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. Transcriptional enhancers of immunoglobulin light chain genes in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Bengtén, E., Strömberg, S., Daggfeldt, A., Magor, B.G., Pilström, L. Immunogenetics (2000) [Pubmed]
  14. Dysregulation of c-myc in multiple myeloma. Kuehl, W.M., Brents, L.A., Chesi, M., Huppi, K., Bergsagel, P.L. Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  15. Generation of chimeric monoclonal antibodies from mice that carry human immunoglobulin Cgamma1 heavy of Ckappa light chain gene segments. Pluschke, G., Joss, A., Marfurt, J., Daubenberger, C., Kashala, O., Zwickl, M., Stief, A., Sansig, G., Schläpfer, B., Linkert, S., van der Putten, H., Hardman, N., Schröder, M. J. Immunol. Methods (1998) [Pubmed]
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