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MeSH Review

Influenzavirus C

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Disease relevance of Influenzavirus C


High impact information on Influenzavirus C


Chemical compound and disease context of Influenzavirus C


Biological context of Influenzavirus C


Anatomical context of Influenzavirus C


Gene context of Influenzavirus C

  • RNA segment 1 of influenza C virus encodes the equivalent of the PB2 protein; it has an approximate 25% sequence identity with the corresponding (cap binding) influenza A and B virus PB2 proteins [17].
  • This protein is thus referred to as the P3 (rather than the PA) protein of influenza C virus [17].
  • Identification of an amino acid residue on influenza C virus M1 protein responsible for formation of the cord-like structures of the virus [22].
  • Phylogenetic analysis of influenza C virus nonstructural (NS) protein genes and identification of the NS2 protein [23].
  • It was found that the colinear mRNA derived from influenza C virus RNA segment 6 serves as the mRNA for CM2 [24].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Influenzavirus C


  1. Human and bovine coronaviruses recognize sialic acid-containing receptors similar to those of influenza C viruses. Vlasak, R., Luytjes, W., Spaan, W., Palese, P. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1988) [Pubmed]
  2. Analyses of structural polypeptides of seven different isolates of influenza C virus. Sugawara, K., Nakamura, K., Homma, M. J. Gen. Virol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  3. The hemagglutinating glycoproteins of influenza B and C viruses are acylated with different fatty acids. Veit, M., Herrler, G., Schmidt, M.F., Rott, R., Klenk, H.D. Virology (1990) [Pubmed]
  4. Selection of antigenically distinct variants of influenza C viruses by the host cell. Umetsu, Y., Sugawara, K., Nishimura, H., Hongo, S., Matsuzaki, M., Kitame, F., Nakamura, K. Virology (1992) [Pubmed]
  5. The CM2 protein of influenza C virus is an oligomeric integral membrane glycoprotein structurally analogous to influenza A virus M2 and influenza B virus NB proteins. Pekosz, A., Lamb, R.A. Virology (1997) [Pubmed]
  6. Structure of the haemagglutinin-esterase-fusion glycoprotein of influenza C virus. Rosenthal, P.B., Zhang, X., Formanowski, F., Fitz, W., Wong, C.H., Meier-Ewert, H., Skehel, J.J., Wiley, D.C. Nature (1998) [Pubmed]
  7. Selective inactivation of influenza C esterase: a probe for detecting 9-O-acetylated sialic acids. Muchmore, E.A., Varki, A. Science (1987) [Pubmed]
  8. 9-O-Acetylation of sialomucins: a novel marker of murine CD4 T cells that is regulated during maturation and activation. Krishna, M., Varki, A. J. Exp. Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
  9. The receptor-destroying enzyme of influenza C virus is neuraminate-O-acetylesterase. Herrler, G., Rott, R., Klenk, H.D., Müller, H.P., Shukla, A.K., Schauer, R. EMBO J. (1985) [Pubmed]
  10. Inhibition of influenza virus replication by phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides. Leiter, J.M., Agrawal, S., Palese, P., Zamecnik, P.C. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1990) [Pubmed]
  11. O-acetylation and de-O-acetylation of sialic acids. Sialic acid esterases of diverse evolutionary origins have serine active sites and essential arginine residues. Hayes, B.K., Varki, A. J. Biol. Chem. (1989) [Pubmed]
  12. Influenza C virus hemagglutinin: comparison with influenza A and B virus hemagglutinins. Nakada, S., Creager, R.S., Krystal, M., Aaronson, R.P., Palese, P. J. Virol. (1984) [Pubmed]
  13. Inhibition of influenza C virus replication by actinomycin D, alpha-amanitin, and UV irradiation. Petri, T., Meier-Ewert, H., Compans, R.W. J. Virol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  14. Influenza C virus esterase: analysis of catalytic site, inhibition, and possible function. Vlasak, R., Muster, T., Lauro, A.M., Powers, J.C., Palese, P. J. Virol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  15. Cell surface expression of biologically active influenza C virus HEF glycoprotein expressed from cDNA. Pekosz, A., Lamb, R.A. J. Virol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  16. Human antibody to influenza C virus: its age-related distribution and distinction from receptor analogs. O'Callaghan, R.J., Gohd, R.S., Labat, D.D. Infect. Immun. (1980) [Pubmed]
  17. Comparison of the three large polymerase proteins of influenza A, B, and C viruses. Yamashita, M., Krystal, M., Palese, P. Virology (1989) [Pubmed]
  18. Antigenic variation among human strains of influenza C virus detected with monoclonal antibodies to gp88 glycoprotein. Sugawara, K., Nishimura, H., Kitame, F., Nakamura, K. Virus Res. (1986) [Pubmed]
  19. Serine 71 of the glycoprotein HEF is located at the active site of the acetylesterase of influenza C virus. Herrler, G., Multhaup, G., Beyreuther, K., Klenk, H.D. Arch. Virol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  20. Antigenic characterization of the nucleoprotein and matrix protein of influenza C virus with monoclonal antibodies. Sugawara, K., Nishimura, H., Hongo, S., Kitame, F., Nakamura, K. J. Gen. Virol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  21. Detection of ion channel activity in Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing Influenza C virus CM2 protein. Hongo, S., Ishii, K., Mori, K., Takashita, E., Muraki, Y., Matsuzaki, Y., Sugawara, K. Arch. Virol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  22. Identification of an amino acid residue on influenza C virus M1 protein responsible for formation of the cord-like structures of the virus. Muraki, Y., Washioka, H., Sugawara, K., Matsuzaki, Y., Takashita, E., Hongo, S. J. Gen. Virol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  23. Phylogenetic analysis of influenza C virus nonstructural (NS) protein genes and identification of the NS2 protein. Alamgir, A.S., Matsuzaki, Y., Hongo, S., Tsuchiya, E., Sugawara, K., Muraki, Y., Nakamura, K. J. Gen. Virol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  24. Influenza C virus CM2 integral membrane glycoprotein is produced from a polypeptide precursor by cleavage of an internal signal sequence. Pekosz, A., Lamb, R.A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
  25. Protein and nucleic acid analyses of influenza C viruses isolated from pigs and man. Elliott, R.M., Yuanji, G., Desselberger, U. Vaccine (1985) [Pubmed]
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