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MeSH Review

Breathing Exercises

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Psychiatry related information on Breathing Exercises


High impact information on Breathing Exercises

  • The effects of two pranayama yoga breathing exercises on airway reactivity, airway calibre, symptom scores, and medication use in patients with mild asthma were assessed in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial [2].
  • Rigorous exercise training for patients with severe COPD yields more efficient exercise breathing pattern and lower V(E); this is associated with improved exercise tolerance [3].
  • Eight patients received IMT along with general exercise reconditioning, GER+IMT; nine patients received general exercise reconditioning, GER; eight patients received sham breathing exercises, CONTROL [4].
  • These data indicate that 1) carotid afferents are an important determinant of rest and exercise breathing and ventilatory CO2 sensitivity, and 2) apparent plasticity within the ventilatory control system eventually provides compensation for chronic loss of these afferents [5].
  • Breathing exercises for patients with COPD: to teach or not to teach [6].

Biological context of Breathing Exercises

  • This study investigated the effectiveness of Qigong on blood pressure and several blood lipids, such as high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, Apolipoprotein A1 (APO-A1), total cholesterol (TC), and triglycerides (TG) in hypertensive patients [7].
  • CONCLUSIONS: Qigong walking reduced plasma glucose after lunch without inducing a large increase in the pulse rate in patients with diabetes [8].
  • Various phases of solar energy were evaluated for possible medical application, using the Bi-Digital O-Ring Test. A 2-4 minute interval of highly beneficial phase during sunrise and sunset which is comparable or is stronger than (+) Qigong Energy was detected [9].
  • Progressive muscle relaxation, breathing exercises, and ABC relaxation theory [10].

Anatomical context of Breathing Exercises

  • The aim of this study was to determine the genomic profile and function of neutrophils in Falun Gong (FLG, an ancient Chinese Qigong) practitioners, with healthy subjects as controls [11].

Associations of Breathing Exercises with chemical compounds


Gene context of Breathing Exercises

  • Treatment at home included either musically-guided breathing exercises with the BIM or listening to quiet music played by a Walkman for 10 min daily for 8 weeks [16].
  • A two-week schedule of placebo administration, pranayamic breathing exercises using a Pink City lung exerciser alone, and exercises using the lung exerciser with hot, humid air were performed [17].
  • This finding clarifies the implication of the theta rhythms appearing in Qigong and other meditation [18].
  • Yogic breathing exercises not only help in relieving the stresses of life but also improve the antioxidant status of the individual [19].
  • Integration of meditation with conventional therapy has enriched psychotherapy with parallels drawn between the Nine Step Qigong and Freudian developmental psychology [20].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Breathing Exercises


  1. Traditional Chinese rehabilitative therapy in the process of modernization. Zhuo, D.H. International disability studies. (1988) [Pubmed]
  2. Effect of yoga breathing exercises (pranayama) on airway reactivity in subjects with asthma. Singh, V., Wisniewski, A., Britton, J., Tattersfield, A. Lancet (1990) [Pubmed]
  3. Physiologic benefits of exercise training in rehabilitation of patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Casaburi, R., Porszasz, J., Burns, M.R., Carithers, E.R., Chang, R.S., Cooper, C.B. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
  4. Inspiratory muscle training and whole-body reconditioning in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Berry, M.J., Adair, N.E., Sevensky, K.S., Quinby, A., Lever, H.M. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (1996) [Pubmed]
  5. Important role of carotid afferents in control of breathing. Pan, L.G., Forster, H.V., Martino, P., Strecker, P.J., Beales, J., Serra, A., Lowry, T.F., Forster, M.M., Forster, A.L. J. Appl. Physiol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  6. Breathing exercises for patients with COPD: to teach or not to teach. Lowman, J.D. Physical therapy. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Effects of qigong on blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and other lipid levels in essential hypertension patients. Lee, M.S., Lee, M.S., Kim, H.J., Choi, E.S. Int. J. Neurosci. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Effects of qigong walking on diabetic patients: a pilot study. Iwao, M., Kajiyama, S., Mori, H., Oogaki, K. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) (1999) [Pubmed]
  9. Special sunrise & sunset solar energy stored papers and their clinical applications for intractable pain, circulatory disturbances & cancer: comparison of beneficial effects between Special Solar Energy Stored Paper and Qigong Energy Stored Paper. Omura, Y. Acupuncture & electro-therapeutics research. (2004) [Pubmed]
  10. Progressive muscle relaxation, breathing exercises, and ABC relaxation theory. Matsumoto, M., Smith, J.C. Journal of clinical psychology. (2001) [Pubmed]
  11. Genomic profiling of neutrophil transcripts in Asian Qigong practitioners: a pilot study in gene regulation by mind-body interaction. Li, Q.Z., Li, P., Garcia, G.E., Johnson, R.J., Feng, L. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. Transcutaneous, noninvasive PO2 monitoring in adults during exercise and hypoxemia. Borgia, J.F., Horvath, S.M. Pflugers Arch. (1978) [Pubmed]
  13. Changes in cytokine production in healthy subjects practicing Guolin Qigong : a pilot study. Jones, B.M. BMC complementary and alternative medicine [electronic resource]. (2001) [Pubmed]
  14. Qigong reduced blood pressure and catecholamine levels of patients with essential hypertension. Lee, M.S., Lee, M.S., Kim, H.J., Moon, S.R. Int. J. Neurosci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  15. Effects of Qigong on blood pressure, blood pressure determinants and ventilatory function in middle-aged patients with essential hypertension. Lee, M.S., Lee, M.S., Choi, E.S., Chung, H.T. Am. J. Chin. Med. (2003) [Pubmed]
  16. Breathing-control lowers blood pressure. Grossman, E., Grossman, A., Schein, M.H., Zimlichman, R., Gavish, B. Journal of human hypertension. (2001) [Pubmed]
  17. Effect of respiratory exercises on asthma. The Pink City lung exerciser. Singh, V. The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma. (1987) [Pubmed]
  18. The difference in EEG theta waves between concentrative and non-concentrative qigong states--a power spectrum and topographic mapping study. Pan, W., Zhang, L., Xia, Y. Journal of traditional Chinese medicine = Chung i tsa chih ying wen pan / sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine. (1994) [Pubmed]
  19. Improvement in oxidative status with yogic breathing in young healthy males. Bhattacharya, S., Pandey, U.S., Verma, N.S. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  20. Emerging paradigms in mind-body medicine. Shang, C. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) (2001) [Pubmed]
  21. The aerobic capacity and ventilatory efficiency during exercise in Qigong and Tai Chi Chuan practitioners. Lan, C., Chou, S.W., Chen, S.Y., Lai, J.S., Wong, M.K. Am. J. Chin. Med. (2004) [Pubmed]
  22. Preoperative pulmonary assessment of the older adult. Smetana, G.W. Clin. Geriatr. Med. (2003) [Pubmed]
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