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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Colonoscopes


High impact information on Colonoscopes

  • For the subsequent 48 patients, those requiring treatment received therapy, such as epinephrine injections or bipolar coagulation, through the colonoscope [3].
  • In study 1, we randomized 104 adult patients with intact colons to undergo colonoscopy with a standard pediatric colonoscope (Olympus PCF-160), a prototype pediatric colonoscope with short bending in four directions (PCF-AYL), or a prototype pediatric colonoscope with short bending in two directions, and normal bending in two directions (PCF-AY3L) [4].
  • One patient was successfully treated with glycerin and saline enema through a fiberoptic colonoscope placed in the ascending colon [5].
  • The equation F=F MAX-P TIP/R was used to graph flow values (F) from the maximum measured flow (F MAX), the calculated resistance to air flow offered by the colonoscope (R), and the air pressure observed at the colonoscope tip (P TIP ) [6].
  • Group A (n = 125) received midazolam, 0.07 mg/kg intravenously plus meperidine, 0.77 mg/kg intravenously immediately preceding the colonoscope insertion [7].

Anatomical context of Colonoscopes


Associations of Colonoscopes with chemical compounds


Gene context of Colonoscopes

  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred forty patients were randomly allocated for screening with a normal colonoscope (NCF) or that with the cap-fitted colonoscope (CCF) [16].
  • In a second study (Study 2) 90 sedated patients undergoing colonoscopy were randomized to receive 1 mg glucagon (n = 46) or placebo (n = 44), intravenously, just before colonoscope insertion [17].
  • Although individuals may have a 30% daily fluctuation in serum values, this study detected no significant change in serum PSA levels after prolonged transrectal prostatic manipulation with a colonoscope [18].
  • The majority of cases of per rectal haemorrhage (PRH) are due to colorectal causes within the diagnostic reach of the colonoscope [19].
  • Our method uses combined video images originating from the laparoscope, an overview CCD camera placed in the operating theatre and, when available, a video colonoscope [20].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Colonoscopes


  1. High-resolution chromoendoscopy for the diagnosis of diminutive colon polyps: implications for colon cancer screening. Axelrad, A.M., Fleischer, D.E., Geller, A.J., Nguyen, C.C., Lewis, J.H., Al-Kawas, F.H., Avigan, M.I., Montgomery, E.A., Benjamin, S.B. Gastroenterology (1996) [Pubmed]
  2. Outbreak of glutaraldehyde-induced proctocolitis. Dolcé, P., Gourdeau, M., April, N., Bernard, P.M. American journal of infection control. (1995) [Pubmed]
  3. Urgent colonoscopy for the diagnosis and treatment of severe diverticular hemorrhage. Jensen, D.M., Machicado, G.A., Jutabha, R., Kovacs, T.O. N. Engl. J. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  4. Impact of bending section length on insertion and retroflexion properties of pediatric and adult colonoscopes. Kessler, W.R., Rex, D.K. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Vincristine-induced paralytic ileus: role of fiberoptic colonoscopy and prostaglandin F2 alpha. Ikehara, O. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  6. A retrospective analysis of cecal barotrauma caused by colonoscope air flow and pressure. Woltjen, J.A. Gastrointest. Endosc. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Routine versus "on demand" sedation and analgesia for colonoscopy: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Terruzzi, V., Meucci, G., Radaelli, F., Terreni, N., Minoli, G. Gastrointest. Endosc. (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. A new approach to the observation of minute changes of the colonic mucosa by means of magnifying colonoscope, type CF-MB-M (Olympus). Tada, M., Misaki, F., Kawai, K. Gastrointest. Endosc. (1978) [Pubmed]
  9. Use of a pediatric colonoscope improves the success of total colonoscopy in selected adult patients. Marshall, J.B. Gastrointest. Endosc. (1996) [Pubmed]
  10. Use of a variable-stiffness colonoscope allows completion of colonoscopy after failure with the standard adult colonoscope. Shumaker, D.A., Zaman, A., Katon, R.M. Endoscopy. (2002) [Pubmed]
  11. Magnifying colonoscopy in differentiating neoplastic from nonneoplastic colorectal lesions. Tung, S.Y., Wu, C.S., Su, M.Y. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  12. Antimicrobial efficacy of endoscopic disinfection procedures: a controlled, multifactorial investigation. Cronmiller, J.R., Nelson, D.K., Salman, G., Jackson, D.K., Dean, R.S., Hsu, J.J., Kim, C.H. Gastrointest. Endosc. (1999) [Pubmed]
  13. An easy method for the intraluminal administration of peppermint oil before colonoscopy and its effectiveness in reducing colonic spasm. Asao, T., Mochiki, E., Suzuki, H., Nakamura , J., Hirayama, I., Morinaga, N., Shoji, H., Shitara, Y., Kuwano, H. Gastrointest. Endosc. (2001) [Pubmed]
  14. Worst-case soiling levels for patient-used flexible endoscopes before and after cleaning. Alfa, M.J., Degagne, P., Olson, N. American journal of infection control. (1999) [Pubmed]
  15. A novel lymphatic mapping technique to improve localization and staging of early colon cancer during laparoscopic colectomy. Tsioulias, G.J., Wood, T.F., Spirt, M., Morton, D.L., Bilchik, A.J. The American surgeon. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. Feasibility of the transparent cap-fitted colonoscope for screening and mucosal resection. Tada, M., Inoue, H., Yabata, E., Okabe, S., Endo, M. Dis. Colon Rectum (1997) [Pubmed]
  17. Does routine intravenous glucagon administration facilitate colonoscopy? A randomized trial. Cutler, C.S., Rex, D.K., Hawes, R.H., Lehman, G.A. Gastrointest. Endosc. (1995) [Pubmed]
  18. The effect of colonoscopy on serum prostate specific antigen levels. Schwartz, B.F., Faught, J., Jezior, J.R. BJU international. (1999) [Pubmed]
  19. Small bowel causes of per rectum haemorrhage. Klinvimol, T., Ho, Y.H., Parry, B.R., Goh, H.S. Ann. Acad. Med. Singap. (1994) [Pubmed]
  20. Quantitative standardised analysis of advanced laparoscopic surgical procedures. Claus, G.P., Sjoerdsma, W., Jansen, A., Grimbergen, C.A. Endoscopic surgery and allied technologies. (1995) [Pubmed]
  21. Flexible fibre-endoscopy of the ileal loop. Jones, M.A., Arnot, R.S., Williams, G. British journal of urology. (1980) [Pubmed]
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