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Disease relevance of Meridians


High impact information on Meridians

  • Myopia was defined as at least -0.75 D of myopia in the vertical and horizontal meridians of the right eye as measured by cycloplegic autorefraction (n = 45 children) [4].
  • As expected, all groups had normal sensitivity to yellow flashes--detected by LWS and/or MWS cones--in these meridians [5].
  • Monocular contrast sensitivity (CS) measurements were obtained in the two principal meridians of eight constant unilateral strabismic subjects and four subjects diagnosed with alternating strabismus [6].
  • Some movement of the alphacypermethrin from the back to the lower body occurred within 24h after treatment, but despite careful application of the insecticide there was wide variation in the concentration between and within meridians [7].
  • Absolute vision thresholds were measured along the horizontal and vertical meridians in four patients from one pedigree and one patient from a second pedigree with dominantly inherited sector retinitis pigmentosa [8].

Biological context of Meridians

  • TREATMENT: A 41-year-old female with a 1-week history of inability to write or extend the right wrist received 1 acupuncture treatment utilizing the Lung and Large Intestine meridians in the forearm, with the 2 meridians interconnected using the Luo and Yuan points [9].
  • OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of L-arginine-derived nitric oxide (NO) synthesis and noradrenergic function on skin electrical resistance of acupoints and meridians [10].

Associations of Meridians with chemical compounds

  • Myopia in proband children was defined as -0.75 D or more myopia in both meridians on cycloplegic autorefraction (1% tropicamide) [11].
  • METHODS: Foveal hypoplasia was demonstrated in a 79-year-old man with decreased vision since childhood using fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, and OCT scans through four meridians of the central foveal [12].
  • Thus, the author was able to confirm, for the first time, the corresponding internal organ of Western Medicine for each one of the 12 main meridians [13].
  • During periods of reduced blood glucose levels, decreased retinal sensitivity, most marked in temporal meridians, was observed [14].
  • The mean difference in the direction of meridians of maximal refractions measured after atropine and cyclopentolate was 22 degrees [15].

Gene context of Meridians

  • Among the results of this study are a number of new equations involving g that clarify the relationships between the nonorthogonal principal meridians and the power and axis meridians of SC x theta, as well as explicitly illustrating the parameters that can increase or decrease g [16].
  • If the monkey and the human are comparable, sparing the horizontal retinal meridians during clinical PRP so as not to disturb the LPCN will probably not help to preserve ciliary muscle function and accommodation [17].
  • Our studied suggested that Cx43 might be involved in GJIC and propagated sensation along meridians [18].
  • The Yellow Emperor's Internal Medicine (Nei-Jing) describes the relationship between five internal organs corresponding to five different meridians and five oriental musical tones such as Gung (spleen), Sang (liver), Gak (liver), Chi (heart), Wu (kidney) [19].
  • The effect of P6 may act only on hollow organs; in contrast, BL-10 (Tianzhu), BL-11 (Dazhu) and GB-34 (Yanglinquan) are more related to the meridians of the eye [20].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Meridians

  • AIMS: To compare outcomes of acupressure using sham acupoints on different meridians and ganglionic sections with that using true acupoints, in patients with COPD who are living at home [21].
  • In this study, we were able to demonstrate by use of the Indirect "Bi-Digital O-Ring Test (Molecular Identification, Localization and) Imaging Technique" the presence of meridians corresponding to specific internal organs and acupuncture points on the meridians, all of which were nearly identical to those found in a living human [22].


  1. Ocular component data in schoolchildren as a function of age and gender. Zadnik, K., Manny, R.E., Yu, J.A., Mitchell, G.L., Cotter, S.A., Quiralte, J.C., Shipp, M., Friedman, N.E., Kleinstein, R.N., Walker, T.W., Jones, L.A., Moeschberger, M.L., Mutti, D.O. Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry. (2003) [Pubmed]
  2. Corneal astigmatism in Graves' ophthalmopathy. Mombaerts, I., Vandelanotte, S., Koornneef, L. Eye (London, England) (2006) [Pubmed]
  3. Forty-five cases of apoplexy treated by electroacupuncture at the points of yin meridians. Li, J. Journal of traditional Chinese medicine = Chung i tsa chih ying wen pan / sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine. (2001) [Pubmed]
  4. Ocular predictors of the onset of juvenile myopia. Zadnik, K., Mutti, D.O., Friedman, N.E., Qualley, P.A., Jones, L.A., Qui, P., Kim, H.S., Hsu, J.C., Moeschberger, M.L. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1999) [Pubmed]
  5. Central visual fields for short wavelength sensitive pathways in glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Heron, G., Adams, A.J., Husted, R. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1988) [Pubmed]
  6. Orientation anisotropy and strabismus. Kelly, S.A., Chino, Y.M., Cotter, S.A., Knuth, J. Vision Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  7. Kinetic disposition of an aqueous formulation of alphacypermethrin applied to the dorsal mid-line of sheep with long wool and its effect on lice. Johnson, P.W., Darwish, A., Dixon, R., Steel, J.W. Int. J. Parasitol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  8. Vision threshold profiles in sector retinitis pigmentosa. Massof, R.W., Finkelstein, D. Arch. Ophthalmol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  9. Acupuncture treatment of compression neuropathy of the radial nerve: a single case report of "Saturday Night Palsy". Millea, P.J. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Effects of nitric oxide and noradrenergic function on skin electric resistance of acupoints and meridians. Chen, J.X., Ma, S.X. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Genetic loci for pathological myopia are not associated with juvenile myopia. Mutti, D.O., Semina, E., Marazita, M., Cooper, M., Murray, J.C., Zadnik, K. Am. J. Med. Genet. (2002) [Pubmed]
  12. Foveal hypoplasia demonstrated in vivo with optical coherence tomography. McGuire, D.E., Weinreb, R.N., Goldbaum, M.H. Am. J. Ophthalmol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  13. Meridian-like networks of internal organs, corresponding to traditional Chinese 12 main meridians and their acupuncture points as detected by the "Bi-Digital O-Ring Test imaging method": search for the corresponding internal organ of Western medicine for each meridian--Part I. Omura, Y. Acupuncture & electro-therapeutics research. (1987) [Pubmed]
  14. Retinal sensitivity in acute hypoglycemia. Mosier, M.A., Deshmukh, S.S. Ophthalmologica (1990) [Pubmed]
  15. Cycloplegic refractions in Japanese children: a comparison of atropine and cyclopentolate. Kawamoto, K., Hayasaka, S. Ophthalmologica (1997) [Pubmed]
  16. Equivalent dioptric power asymmetry relations for thick astigmatic systems. Keating, M.P. Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry. (1997) [Pubmed]
  17. Parasympathetic denervation of the ciliary muscle following retinal photocoagulation. Kaufman, P.L. Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society. (1990) [Pubmed]
  18. Expression of connexin43 in rat epithelial cells and fibroblasts. Huang, X., Huang, G., Zheng, C. Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical sciences = Hua zhong ke ji da xue xue bao. Yi xue Ying De wen ban = Huazhong keji daxue xuebao. Yixue Yingdewen ban. (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. An examination of the relationship between five oriental musical tones and corresponding internal organs and meridians. Kim, Y.C., Jeong, D.M., Lee, M.S. Acupuncture & electro-therapeutics research. (2004) [Pubmed]
  20. Effect of BL-10 (tianzhu), BL-11 (dazhu) and GB-34 (yanglinquan) acuplaster for prevention of vomiting after strabismus surgery in children. Chu, Y.C., Lin, S.M., Hsieh, Y.C., Peng, G.C., Lin, Y.H., Tsai, S.K., Lee, T.Y. Acta Anaesthesiol. Sin. (1998) [Pubmed]
  21. Effectiveness of acupressure in improving dyspnoea in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Wu, H.S., Wu, S.C., Lin, J.G., Lin, L.C. Journal of advanced nursing. (2004) [Pubmed]
  22. Imaging of the stomach, and localization of the stomach meridian & its acupuncture points in a human cadaver by the use of the indirect "Bi-Digital O-Ring Test Imaging Technique". Omura, Y., Takeshige, C., Shimotsuura, Y., Suzuki, M. Acupuncture & electro-therapeutics research. (1988) [Pubmed]
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