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MeSH Review

Mite Infestations

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Disease relevance of Mite Infestations

  • Amitraz has been shown to be successful in controlling mange and lice infestations on pigs which had failed to respond to diazinon and gamma-BHC, respectively, and by the use of a prophylactic programme to maintain pig herds mange free [1].
  • It was concluded that the increase in detectable IgG anti-IgE after heating sera indicates that IgG x IgE immune complexes are normally present in most dogs; however, the increase over uncomplexed IgG anti-IgE was most pronounced in dogs manifesting atopic dermatitis and demodectic acariasis [2].
  • In sheep and goats there was a sign reduction (p < 0.001) in the impact of mange, helminthosis, contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, orf and non-specific diarrhoea [3].

High impact information on Mite Infestations

  • Oral metronidazole seems to work in the management of this chronic mite infestation [4].
  • Latent atopy was found in four children, three with and one without mite infestation [5].
  • The severity of mite infestation was assessed with the use of the Acarex test, which measures the concentration of guanine in house dust, and all affected house textiles were then treated with an Acarosan product [6].
  • A randomized controlled trial was conducted to test the effect of a sheet impregnated with benzyl benzoate in preventing mite infestation of new bedding [7].
  • A modification is suggested in the formula of Crow and Mange for the estimation of FIS to make it applicable to populations exhibiting clan exogamy [8].

Chemical compound and disease context of Mite Infestations

  • Phosmet treatment controlled mange in growing pigs and resulted in a 12% increase in average daily liveweight gain over untreated mange-infected controls [9].
  • An investigation was conducted of mange in five Large White adult sows refractory to pyrethroid treatment (cypermethrin 15%) [10].
  • Plunge dipping in diazinon, propetamphos or flumethrin, or the use of synthetic pyrethroid pour-on preparations and an oral drench of ivermectin had little effect because ear mite infestations were detected in the flocks after these treatments [11].
  • Evaluation of the bioequivalence of two formulations of deltamethrin for treatment of sheep with psoroptic mange [12].
  • Because proteinases, particularly the cysteine class, are demonstrably allergenic in other mite infestations, these proteinases clearly merit further immunological and biochemical definition [13].

Gene context of Mite Infestations

  • The BT Trap is the first trap designed specifically for the detection and monitoring of mite infestation [14].
  • Between March and December 1999, five free-ranging lynx (Lynx lynx) affected by mange were found dead or shot by game wardens in the Swiss Alps [15].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Mite Infestations


  1. Amitraz in the control of non-ixodide ectoparasites of livestock. Curtis, R.J. Vet. Parasitol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  2. Auto IgG anti-IgE and IgG x IgE immune complex presence and effects on ELISA-based quantitation of IgE in canine atopic dermatitis, demodectic acariasis and helminthiasis. Hammerberg, B., Bevier, D., DeBoer, D.J., Olivry, T., Orton, S.M., Gebhard, D., Vaden, S.L. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  3. Impact assessment of a community-based animal health project in Dollo Ado and Dollo Bay districts, southern Ethiopia. Admassu, B., Nega, S., Haile, T., Abera, B., Hussein, A., Catley, A. Tropical animal health and production. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Demodex abscesses: clinical and therapeutic challenges. Schaller, M., Sander, C.A., Plewig, G. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. House-dust mite content in mattresses in relation to residential characteristics and symptoms in atopic and nonatopic children living in northern Norway. Dotterud, L.K., Korsgaard, J., Falk, E.S. Allergy (1995) [Pubmed]
  6. The management of house dust mite allergies. van Bronswijk, J.E., Schober, G., Kniest, F.M. Clinical therapeutics. (1990) [Pubmed]
  7. Prevention of mite infestation of bedding by means of an impregnated sheet. A randomized controlled trial. Burr, M.L., Dean, B.V., Butland, B.K., Neale, E. Allergy (1988) [Pubmed]
  8. Isonymy in a Bhatia leut. Bhalla, V., Bhatia, K. Ann. Hum. Genet. (1976) [Pubmed]
  9. Phosmet for the systemic control of pig mange in growing pigs. Hewett, G.R. Vet. Parasitol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  10. Demodectic mange in fattening pigs in São Paulo, Brazil. Santarém, V.A., Farias, M.R., Tostes, R.A. Vet. Parasitol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Epidemiology of subclinical ovine psoroptic otoacariasis in Great Britain. Bates, P.G. Vet. Rec. (1996) [Pubmed]
  12. Evaluation of the bioequivalence of two formulations of deltamethrin for treatment of sheep with psoroptic mange. Cadiergues, M.C., Laguerre, C., Roques, M., Franc, M. Am. J. Vet. Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. The proteinases of Psoroptes ovis, the sheep scab mite--their diversity and substrate specificity. Kenyon, F., Knox, D. Vet. Parasitol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  14. A new versatile and robust mite trap for detection and monitoring of storage mites in the cereal and allied industries. Thind, B.B. Exp. Appl. Acarol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  15. Notoedric and sarcoptic mange in free-ranging lynx from Switzerland. Ryser-Degiorgis, M.P., Ryser, A., Bacciarini, L.N., Angst, C., Gottstein, B., Janovsky, M., Breitenmoser, U. J. Wildl. Dis. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. A case report of Cheyletiella infestation on a Whippet dog in Korea. Shin, S.S. Korean J. Parasitol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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