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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and characterization of a metallo-endoproteinase from mouse kidney.

A metallo-endoproteinase was purified from mouse kidney. The enzyme was solubilized from the 100 000 g sediment of kidney homogenates with toluene and trypsin, and further purified by fractionation with (NH4)2SO4. DEAE-cellulose chromatography and gel filtration. The molecular weight of the metalloproteinase was estimated by gel filtration on Sepharose 6B to be 270 000--320 000. On sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis in the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol, a single major protein with a mol.wt. of 81 000 was observed. Thus the active enzyme is an oligomer, probably a tetramer. It is a glycoprotein and has an apparent isoelectric point of 4. 3. Kidney homogenates and purified preparations of the metalloproteinase degraded azocasein optimally at pH 9.5 and at I 0.15--0. 2. The activity was not affected by inhibitors of serine proteinases (di-isopropyl phosphorofluoridate, phenylmethanesulphonyl fluoride), cysteine proteinases (4-hydroxymercuribenzoate, iodoacetate), aspartic proteinases (pepstatin) or several other proteinase inhibitors from actinomycetes (leupeptin, antipain and phosphoramidon). Inhibition of the enzyme was observed with metal chelators (EDTA, EGTA, 1,10-phenanthroline), and thiol compounds (cysteine, glutathione, dithioerythritol, 2-mercaptoethanol). The metalloproteinase degraded azocasein, azocoll, casein, haemoglobulin and aldolase, but showed little or no activity against the synthetic substrates benzoylarginine 2-naphthylamide, benzoylglycylarginine, benzyloxycarbonylglutamyltyrosine or acetylphenylalanyl 2-naphthyl ester. This metalloproteinase from mouse kidney appears to be distinct from previously described kidney proteinases.[1]


  1. Purification and characterization of a metallo-endoproteinase from mouse kidney. Beynon, R.J., Shannon, J.D., Bond, J.S. Biochem. J. (1981) [Pubmed]
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