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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mechanisms of colon cancer binding to substratum and cells.

Binding of colon cancer to extracellular matrix ( ECM) proteins and mesenchymal cells that comprise the basement membrane is important in migration and metastasis. This study defines the conditions and surface structures necessary for adhesion of HT-29 cells to ECM proteins and cell monolayers. Binding began within minutes and peaked by 1 hr, with 80-95% of HT-29 cells binding to the ECM proteins, collagen IV, laminin, fibronectin, and vitronectin and 40-75% binding to monolayers of fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, and HT-29 cells. Treating mesenchymal cells with the fibrogenic cytokines, IL-1, IL-4, or TNF-alpha, which increase production of ECM proteins, did not alter binding of HT-29 cells to these monolayers. Attachment of HT-29 cells to cell monolayers was inhibited by cytochalasin D and sodium azide, but not cycloheximide or neuraminidase. Attachment to ECM proteins, in contrast, was unaffected by any of these metabolic inhibitors but required certain divalent cations (Mg2+ and Mn2+ but not Ca2+). Antibody to the integrin beta 1, chain (CD29) eliminated binding to collagen and laminin but not to fibronectin, fibroblasts, and HT-29 monolayers. Antibody to the vitronectin receptor inhibited binding to fibronectin. Antibodies to integrin alpha 1-alpha 6 chains had no effect on any adhesion event. Three colon cancer cell lines were tested for expression of VLA antigens: alpha 2 and alpha 3 were detected on all three, alpha 1 and alpha 6 were variably expressed, while alpha 4 and alpha 5 were absent. This study demonstrates that several mechanisms account for tumor cell attachment to substratum and cells.[1]


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