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Chemical Compound Review

Periodide     triiodide

Synonyms: AGN-PC-0CPRIQ, Iodide (I31-), AC1L2XYB, AR-1L7395, AC1Q4P33, ...
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Disease relevance of triiodide


High impact information on triiodide

  • The release of *NO from LNO2 was induced by UV photolysis and triiodide-based ozone chemiluminescence reactions currently used to quantify putative protein nitrosothiol and N-nitrosamine derivatives [4].
  • Crystal structures of cyanide- and triiodide-bound forms of Arthromyces ramosus peroxidase at different pH values. Perturbations of active site residues and their implication in enzyme catalysis [5].
  • The models of the cyanide complexes at pH 7.5, 5.0, and 4.0, respectively, were refined to the R-factors of 17.8, 17.8, and 18.5% using 7.0-1.6-A resolution data, and those of the triiodide complexes at pH 6.5 and 5.0 refined to 16.9 and 16.8% using 7.0-1.9-A resolution data [5].
  • A number of cobalt complexes of substituted polypyridine ligands were synthesized and investigated as possible alternatives to the volatile and corrosive iodide/triiodide redox couple commonly used as an electron-transfer mediator in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) [6].
  • Comparative study suggests that amino (aza) crown ether alone or in the form of a charge-transfer complex with iodine, as an ionophore in a PVC liquid membrane, is sensitive to triiodide ion [7].

Biological context of triiodide

  • The molecular structure of aluminum triiodide was investigated in the gas phase by high-temperature gas-phase electron diffraction and high-level computations [8].

Associations of triiodide with other chemical compounds

  • The triiodide formation rate reached 6.1, 5.5, 6.0, and 2.1 microM/min at saturated rPpL, rCcL, rRsL, and rMtL concentration, respectively, in acetate buffer solution pH 5.5 and in presence of 10 microM of MS and 1 mM of potassium iodide [9].
  • In order to study the physical state of the substrate in the conditions used in the neuraminidase treatment, the critical micelle concentrations of the Gm1 ganglioside were determined using formation of the triiodide anion in aqueous iodine solution as an indicator [10].
  • Betaine is reacted with potassium triiodide to form betaine periodide, which is selectively precipitated via pH adjustment [11].
  • I2 formation, as measured by the triiodide assay, was only 28% of that expected for normal TPO when compared for guaiacol oxidation [12].
  • The reaction was monitored spectrophotometrically by the decreased absorbance of triiodide over a period of 30 - 180 s from the initiation of the reaction at 350 nm, with calibration linear range of 0.020 - 1.870 microg/ml CS2 [13].

Gene context of triiodide

  • The electrodes showed Nernstian response to triiodide ion over the activity range from 1.0 x 10(-5) to 1.0 x 10(-1) mol x L(-1) with detection limits at approximately 1.0 x 10(-6) mol x L(-1) [7].
  • The electrode exhibits a Nernstian response for triiodide ions over a wide concentration range (1.0 x 10(-1)-1.0 x 10(-5) M) with a slope of 59.3 +/- 0.9 mV decade(-1) and a detection limit of 6.3 x 10(-6) M [14].
  • This conclusion was drawn from comparisons of the rates of reduction of 3,5-t-butyl-o-benzoquinone, triiodide ion, cytochrome c and ferricyanide by intact CBO, FAD fragment and CBO with the heme inactivated by cyanide [15].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of triiodide


  1. Dissociation of thyrotropin-dependent enzyme activities, reduced iodide transport, and preserved iodide organification in nonfunctioning thyroid adenoma and multinodular goiter. Masini-Repiso, A.M., Cabanillas, A.M., Bonaterra, M., Coleoni, A.H. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1994) [Pubmed]
  2. Photoelectrochemical kinetics of eosin y-sensitized zinc oxide films investigated by scanning electrochemical microscopy. Shen, Y., Nonomura, K., Schlettwein, D., Zhao, C., Wittstock, G. Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2006) [Pubmed]
  3. Effect of microgravity on Escherichia coli and MS-2 bacteriophage disinfection by iodinated resins. Marchin, G.L., Silverstein, J., Brion, G.M. Acta astronautica. (1997) [Pubmed]
  4. Fatty acid transduction of nitric oxide signaling. Nitrolinoleic acid is a hydrophobically stabilized nitric oxide donor. Schopfer, F.J., Baker, P.R., Giles, G., Chumley, P., Batthyany, C., Crawford, J., Patel, R.P., Hogg, N., Branchaud, B.P., Lancaster, J.R., Freeman, B.A. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Crystal structures of cyanide- and triiodide-bound forms of Arthromyces ramosus peroxidase at different pH values. Perturbations of active site residues and their implication in enzyme catalysis. Fukuyama, K., Kunishima, N., Amada, F., Kubota, T., Matsubara, H. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
  6. Substituted polypyridine complexes of cobalt(II/III) as efficient electron-transfer mediators in dye-sensitized solar cells. Sapp, S.A., Elliott, C.M., Contado, C., Caramori, S., Bignozzi, C.A. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2002) [Pubmed]
  7. Triiodide PVC membrane electrodes based on charge-transfer complexes. Sadeghi, S., Dashti, G.R. Anal. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  8. An intricate molecule: aluminum triiodide. Molecular structure of AlI3 and Al2I6 from electron diffraction and computation. Hargittai, M., Réffy, B., Kolonits, M. The journal of physical chemistry. A, Molecules, spectroscopy, kinetics, environment & general theory. (2006) [Pubmed]
  9. Laccase-catalysed iodide oxidation in presence of methyl syringate. Kulys, J., Bratkovskaja, I., Vidziunaite, R. Biotechnol. Bioeng. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Monomer-micelle transition of the ganglioside GM1 and the hydrolysis by Clostridium perfringens neuraminidase. Rauvala, H. Eur. J. Biochem. (1979) [Pubmed]
  11. A simplified procedure for the determination of betaine in liver. Barak, A.J., Tuma, D.J. Lipids (1979) [Pubmed]
  12. Congenital goitre due to "thyroid peroxidase-iodinase defect". Niepomniszcze, H., Coleoni, A.H., Targovnik, H.M., Iorcansky, S., Degrossi, O.J. Acta Endocrinol. (1980) [Pubmed]
  13. Determination of trace amount of carbon disulfide in water by the spectrophotometric reaction-rate method. Ensafi, A.A., Rahimi Mansour, H., Majlesi, R. Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry. (2003) [Pubmed]
  14. Charge-transfer triiodide ion-selective electrode based on 7,16-dibenzyl-1,4,10,13-tetraoxa-7,16-diazacyclooctadecane. Khayatian, G., Rezatabar, H., Salimi, A. Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry. (2005) [Pubmed]
  15. Is cellobiose oxidase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium a one-electron reductase? Henriksson, G., Johansson, G., Pettersson, G. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1993) [Pubmed]
  16. Measurement of circular birefringence and circular dichroism of the single crystals of lambda-(+)589- and delta-(-)589-tris(ethylenediamine)cobalt(III) triiodide monohydrate by the extended HAUP method. Matsuki, R., Asahi, T., Kobayashi, J., Asai, H. Chirality. (2004) [Pubmed]
  17. A comparison of chemiluminescent and radioenzymatic methods for the measurement of acetylcholine released from a rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm preparation. Ehler, K.W., Hoops, E.A., Storella, R.J., Bierkamper, G.G. Journal of pharmacological methods. (1986) [Pubmed]
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