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Gene Review

IFNGR2  -  interferon gamma receptor 2 (interferon...

Homo sapiens

Synonyms: AF-1, IFGR2, IFN-gamma receptor 2, IFN-gamma-R2, IFNGT1, ...
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Disease relevance of IFNGR2


High impact information on IFNGR2

  • We identified three children with mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease who were homozygous with respect to a missense mutation in IFNGR2 creating a new N-glycosylation site in the IFNgammaR2 chain [5].
  • Similarly, an AF-1 deletion mutant of glucocorticoid receptor or ablation of a putative GRE notably reduced the cooperative regulation of TLR2 [6].
  • Clonal T cells transcribe and secrete mainly T-helper 2 cytokines (IL-10, -5, and -13). mRNA from purified SS clones but not mRNA from SS total PBMC was positive for AF-1 in an agarose gel and/or after hybridization [7].
  • This suggests that AF-1 is a potential marker for these clones (and eventually other T-helper 2 lymphocytes) and might represent a target for treatment of the disease [7].
  • In untreated WISH cells, both IFNGR-1 and IFNGR-2 were constitutively localized within caveolae-like microdomains isolated from plasma membrane [8].

Biological context of IFNGR2


Anatomical context of IFNGR2

  • IFNGR-2 was highly expressed in PBL, muscle, spleen, thymus, and cecal tonsil, whereas its expression in cardiac muscle, cloacal bursa, liver, and kidney was comparatively low [12].
  • Here, we cloned the full-length cDNA of IFNGR-2 of Huiyang chicken using RACE. mRNA transcripts of IFNGR-2 were detected in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) and various organs using Northern blot analysis [12].
  • 94.6% of C. albicans isolates were serotype A and all were agglutinated by a monoclonal antibody (AF1) directed against a major mannoprotein immunogen of the candidal cell wall, confirming previous results with C. albicans isolates from non-immunodeficient subjects [13].

Associations of IFNGR2 with chemical compounds

  • Combined mutation of two LXXLL motifs plus tryptophan 140 in BUS, to yield PR-BdL140, completely destroys PR-B activity, because strong AF3 synergism with downstream AF1 and AF2 is eliminated [14].
  • The two FMRFamide-like peptides, <EDPFLRFamide (<Glu-Asp-Pro-Phe-Leu-Arg-Phe-NH2), isolated from Helix heart, and AF1 (Lys-Asn-Glu-Phe-Ile-Arg-Phe-NH2), from Ascaris head, also showed hyperpolarizing effects on more than half of the number of Achatina neurone types [15].

Physical interactions of IFNGR2

  • PNRC was found to interact with both AF1 and LBD of ERalpha, and to function as a coactivator for both AF1 and AF2 transactivation functions [16].

Regulatory relationships of IFNGR2

  • The IFNGR1 and IFNGR2 gene polymorphisms studied do not exert an important influence on MS susceptibility, but allele IFNGR2*Arg64 may be associated with a progressive disease onset [10].

Other interactions of IFNGR2

  • On the other hand, IFNGR1 and IFNGR2 gene polymorphisms showed no association with atopic asthma [17].
  • Therefore, the accessory factor (AF-1) gene can be localized to a 150-kb region at the left (centric) end of the parental 540-kb GART YAC [18].
  • A porcine BAC clone harboring the tightly linked IFNAR1 and IFNGR2 genes was identified by comparative analysis of the publicly available porcine BAC end sequences [19].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of IFNGR2

  • IFNG T874A, IFNGR1 C-56T and IFNGR2 A839G genotypes were determined in a consecutive series of patients (n=2591) that had been treated with coronary stents [1].
  • Sequence analysis of the porcine IFNAR1 and IFNGR2 genes [19].
  • The extracellular region of IFNGR-2 (IFNGR-2EC) was expressed in Pichia pastoris, and its secondary structure was investigated by circular dichroism (CD) [12].
  • GMP extracts from yeast and mycelial forms of the fungus were separated into three chromatographically distinct, high molecular mass mannoprotein fractions (F1, F2 and F3), which were tested individually by indirect ELISA for mAb AF1 recognition [20].
  • Immunofluorescence revealed that the surface of the yeast cells was highly reactive with mAb AF1, but that the reactivity was greatly reduced or disappeared during mycelial conversion [20].


  1. Interferon-gamma and interferon-gamma receptor 1 and 2 gene polymorphisms and restenosis following coronary stenting. Tiroch, K., von Beckerath, N., Koch, W., Lengdobler, J., Joost, A., Schömig, A., Kastrati, A. Atherosclerosis (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. Polymorphisms in Th1-type cell-mediated response genes and risk of gastric cancer. Hou, L., El-Omar, E.M., Chen, J., Grillo, P., Rabkin, C.S., Baccarelli, A., Yeager, M., Chanock, S.J., Zatonski, W., Sobin, L.H., Lissowska, J., Fraumeni, J.F., Chow, W.H. Carcinogenesis (2007) [Pubmed]
  3. A case-control investigation of immune function gene polymorphisms and risk of testicular germ cell tumors. Purdue, M.P., Sakoda, L.C., Graubard, B.I., Welch, R., Chanock, S.J., Sesterhenn, I.A., Rubertone, M.V., Erickson, R.L., McGlynn, K.A. Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. (2007) [Pubmed]
  4. Sézary syndrome, T-helper 2 cytokines and accessory factor-1 (AF-1). Dummer, R., Geertsen, R., Ludwig, E., Niederer, E., Burg, G. Leuk. Lymphoma (1998) [Pubmed]
  5. Gains of glycosylation comprise an unexpectedly large group of pathogenic mutations. Vogt, G., Chapgier, A., Yang, K., Chuzhanova, N., Feinberg, J., Fieschi, C., Boisson-Dupuis, S., Alcais, A., Filipe-Santos, O., Bustamante, J., de Beaucoudrey, L., Al-Mohsen, I., Al-Hajjar, S., Al-Ghonaium, A., Adimi, P., Mirsaeidi, M., Khalilzadeh, S., Rosenzweig, S., de la Calle Martin, O., Bauer, T.R., Puck, J.M., Ochs, H.D., Furthner, D., Engelhorn, C., Belohradsky, B., Mansouri, D., Holland, S.M., Schreiber, R.D., Abel, L., Cooper, D.N., Soudais, C., Casanova, J.L. Nat. Genet. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Glucocorticoids and tumor necrosis factor alpha cooperatively regulate toll-like receptor 2 gene expression. Hermoso, M.A., Matsuguchi, T., Smoak, K., Cidlowski, J.A. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  7. Sézary syndrome T-cell clones display T-helper 2 cytokines and express the accessory factor-1 (interferon-gamma receptor beta-chain). Dummer, R., Heald, P.W., Nestle, F.O., Ludwig, E., Laine, E., Hemmi, S., Burg, G. Blood (1996) [Pubmed]
  8. Lipid microdomains are required sites for the selective endocytosis and nuclear translocation of IFN-gamma, its receptor chain IFN-gamma receptor-1, and the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of STAT1alpha. Subramaniam, P.S., Johnson, H.M. J. Immunol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Partial interferon-gamma receptor signaling chain deficiency in a patient with bacille Calmette-Guérin and Mycobacterium abscessus infection. Döffinger, R., Jouanguy, E., Dupuis, S., Fondanèche, M.C., Stephan, J.L., Emile, J.F., Lamhamedi-Cherradi, S., Altare, F., Pallier, A., Barcenas-Morales, G., Meinl, E., Krause, C., Pestka, S., Schreiber, R.D., Novelli, F., Casanova, J.L. J. Infect. Dis. (2000) [Pubmed]
  10. Polymorphisms in the genes encoding interferon-gamma and interferon-gamma receptors in multiple sclerosis. Schrijver, H.M., Hooper-van Veen, T., van Belzen, M.J., Crusius, J.B., Peña, A.S., Barkhof, F., Polman, C.H., Uitdehaag, B.M. Eur. J. Immunogenet. (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. Screening of retroviral cDNA libraries for factors involved in protein phosphorylation in signaling cascades. Stitz, J., Krutzik, P.O., Nolan, G.P. Nucleic Acids Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. A novel gene of beta chain of the IFN-gamma receptor of Huiyang chicken: cloning, distribution, and CD assay. Han, C.L., Zhang, W., Dong, H.T., Han, X., Wang, M. J. Interferon Cytokine Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
  13. The secretion of aspartyl proteinase, a virulence enzyme, by isolates of Candida albicans from the oral cavity of HIV-infected subjects. De Bernardis, F., Boccanera, M., Rainaldi, L., Guerra, C.E., Quinti, I., Cassone, A. Eur. J. Epidemiol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  14. Progesterone Receptors (PR)-B and -A Regulate Transcription by Different Mechanisms: AF-3 Exerts Regulatory Control over Coactivator Binding to PR-B. Tung, L., Abdel-Hafiz, H., Shen, T., Harvell, D.M., Nitao, L.K., Richer, J.K., Sartorius, C.A., Takimoto, G.S., Horwitz, K.B. Mol. Endocrinol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  15. Further mapping of the Achatina giant neurone types sensitive to the neuroactive peptides isolated from invertebrates. Araki, Y., Liu, G.J., Zhang, W., Takeuchi, H., Munekata, E. Gen. Pharmacol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  16. The molecular basis of the interaction between the proline-rich SH3-binding motif of PNRC and estrogen receptor alpha. Zhou, D., Ye, J.J., Li, Y., Lui, K., Chen, S. Nucleic Acids Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
  17. Association of IFN-gamma and IFN regulatory factor 1 polymorphisms with childhood atopic asthma. Nakao, F., Ihara, K., Kusuhara, K., Sasaki, Y., Kinukawa, N., Takabayashi, A., Nishima, S., Hara, T. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  18. Sublocalization of the human interferon-gamma receptor accessory factor gene and characterization of accessory factor activity by yeast artificial chromosomal fragmentation. Cook, J.R., Emanuel, S.L., Donnelly, R.J., Soh, J., Mariano, T.M., Schwartz, B., Rhee, S., Pestka, S. J. Biol. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
  19. Sequence analysis of the porcine IFNAR1 and IFNGR2 genes. Leeb, T., Dolle, K., Haase, B. Cytogenet. Genome Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
  20. Differences in the antigenic expression of immunomodulatory mannoprotein constituents on yeast and mycelial forms of Candida albicans. Torosantucci, A., Boccanera, M., Casalinuovo, I., Pellegrini, G., Cassone, A. J. Gen. Microbiol. (1990) [Pubmed]
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