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Gene Review

GSTF6  -  glutathione S-transferase F6

Arabidopsis thaliana

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Disease relevance of ATGSTF6


High impact information on ATGSTF6

  • Therefore, we made defined synthetic promoters containing tetramers of only a single type of element and present evidence that a range of cis-acting elements (boxes W1, W2, GCC, JERE, S, Gst1, and D) can mediate local gene expression in planta after pathogen attack [3].
  • By contrast, measurements of transcript levels for a gene encoding glutathione S-transferase demonstrated that wound induction of this gene is independent of jasmonate synthesis [4].
  • The genome of Arabidopsis thaliana contains unusual members of the glutathione S-transferase (GST) superfamily with a cysteine in place of a serine at the active site [5].
  • In contrast, four GSTs, AtGSTF2, AtGSTF6, AtGSTF7, and AtGSTU19, were significantly more abundant in copper-treated seedlings [6].
  • Expression of the endogenous GSTF8 gene and another GST gene, GSTF6, is also desensitized following treatment with hydrogen peroxide [7].

Biological context of ATGSTF6

  • Mechanism of gene expression of Arabidopsis glutathione S-transferase, AtGST1, and AtGST11 in response to aluminum stress [8].
  • Two cDNA clones, designated ERD11 and ERD13, isolated from a cDNA library from Arabidopsis thaliana L. plants dehydrated for 1 h were sequenced and characterized [1].
  • In contrast, AtGSTF6 was upregulated by all treatments while AtGSTF2, AtGSTF8, AtGSTU19 and AtGSTZ1 each showed a selective spectrum of inducibility to the different stresses indicating that regulation of gene expression in this super-family is controlled by multiple mechanisms [9].
  • We have investigated the role of calcium signaling in H2O2-induced expression of the GLUTATHIONE-S-TRANSFERASE1 (GST1) gene [10].
  • A novel Arabidopsis mutant has been identified with constitutive expression of GST1-GUS using plants with a pathogen-responsive reporter transgene containing the beta-glucuronidase (GUS) coding region driven by the GST1 promoter [11].

Associations of ATGSTF6 with chemical compounds

  • Characterization of two cDNAs (ERD11 and ERD13) for dehydration-inducible genes that encode putative glutathione S-transferases in Arabidopsis thaliana L [1].
  • However, the initial phase of AtGSTF6 induction was independent of SA- and ethylene-signaling [2].
  • Application of the calcium channel blocker lanthanum reduced the height of the first Ca2+ peak and concomitantly inhibited GST1 expression [10].
  • Several molecules typical of lipid oxidation, including malonaldehyde, also contain the alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl reactivity feature, and, when delivered in a volatile form, powerfully induced the expression of GST1 [12].
  • In parallel with the activation of GST1, H(2)O(2) accumulated locally and systemically in virus- but not mock-inoculated plants [13].


  1. Characterization of two cDNAs (ERD11 and ERD13) for dehydration-inducible genes that encode putative glutathione S-transferases in Arabidopsis thaliana L. Kiyosue, T., Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, K., Shinozaki, K. FEBS Lett. (1993) [Pubmed]
  2. The rapid induction of glutathione S-transferases AtGSTF2 and AtGSTF6 by avirulent Pseudomonas syringae is the result of combined salicylic acid and ethylene signaling. Lieberherr, D., Wagner, U., Dubuis, P.H., Métraux, J.P., Mauch, F. Plant Cell Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Synthetic plant promoters containing defined regulatory elements provide novel insights into pathogen- and wound-induced signaling. Rushton, P.J., Reinstädler, A., Lipka, V., Lippok, B., Somssich, I.E. Plant Cell (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. Jasmonate is essential for insect defense in Arabidopsis. McConn, M., Creelman, R.A., Bell, E., Mullet, J.E., Browse, J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1997) [Pubmed]
  5. A Plant Homolog of Animal Chloride Intracellular Channels (CLICs) Generates an Ion Conductance in Heterologous Systems. Elter, A., Hartel, A., Sieben, C., Hertel, B., Fischer-Schliebs, E., Lüttge, U., Moroni, A., Thiel, G. J. Biol. Chem. (2007) [Pubmed]
  6. Proteomic analysis of Arabidopsis glutathione S-transferases from benoxacor- and copper-treated seedlings. Smith, A.P., DeRidder, B.P., Guo, W.J., Seeley, E.H., Regnier, F.E., Goldsbrough, P.B. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
  7. Desensitization of GSTF8 Induction by a Prior Chemical Treatment Is Long Lasting and Operates in a Tissue-Dependent Manner. Foley, R.C., Sappl, P.G., Perl-Treves, R., Millar, A.H., Singh, K.B. Plant Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. Mechanism of gene expression of Arabidopsis glutathione S-transferase, AtGST1, and AtGST11 in response to aluminum stress. Ezaki, B., Suzuki, M., Motoda, H., Kawamura, M., Nakashima, S., Matsumoto, H. Plant Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Probing the diversity of the Arabidopsis glutathione S-transferase gene family. Wagner, U., Edwards, R., Dixon, D.P., Mauch, F. Plant Mol. Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  10. Oxidative stress-induced calcium signaling in Arabidopsis. Rentel, M.C., Knight, M.R. Plant Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. The Arabidopsis aberrant growth and death2 mutant shows resistance to Pseudomonas syringae and reveals a role for NPR1 in suppressing hypersensitive cell death. Rate, D.N., Greenberg, J.T. Plant J. (2001) [Pubmed]
  12. Fatty acid ketodienes and fatty acid ketotrienes: Michael addition acceptors that accumulate in wounded and diseased Arabidopsis leaves. Vollenweider, S., Weber, H., Stolz, S., Chételat, A., Farmer, E.E. Plant J. (2000) [Pubmed]
  13. Cauliflower mosaic virus, a compatible pathogen of Arabidopsis, engages three distinct defense-signaling pathways and activates rapid systemic generation of reactive oxygen species. Love, A.J., Yun, B.W., Laval, V., Loake, G.J., Milner, J.J. Plant Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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