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MeSH Review

Occupational Medicine

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Disease relevance of Occupational Medicine


High impact information on Occupational Medicine

  • Sounding board. Medicine re-enters the workplace: a new era in occupational medicine [6]?
  • Once a conspicuous, severe, and even frequent clinical type of plumbism, peripheral lead neuropathy has received due attention in the early classics (Tanquerel des Plances, Duchenne, Aran, Remak, Romberg, Erb, etc.) and of the pioneers in industrial medicine (Legge, Aub, Teleky, Hamilton) [7].
  • Styrene is one of the chemicals for which biological monitoring programs have been validated and implemented in environmental and occupational medicine [8].
  • The panel discussion from the perspective of occupational medicine regarding appropriate medical surveillance after a PCB transformer or capacitor incident is reviewed [9].
  • This instrument is intended to provide a standardized efficient, cost-effective method for widespread use in occupational medicine and public health to detect and track subclinical neurotoxic effects and to prevent additional harmful exposure [10].

Biological context of Occupational Medicine


Anatomical context of Occupational Medicine


Associations of Occupational Medicine with chemical compounds


Gene context of Occupational Medicine

  • Samplers used in these studies included the closed-face 37 mm filter cassette (the current US standard method for lead sampling), the 37 mm GSP or "cone" sampler, the 25 mm Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM) inhalable sampler, the 25 mm Button sampler, and the open-face 25 mm cassette [19].
  • In this case personal samples were taken at a manufacturer of solder alloys consisting mainly of lead and tin, using the closed-face 37 mm cassette (CFC), the 37 mm GSP or "cone" sampler, the 25 mm Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM) inhalable sampler, the 25 mm button sampler, and the open-face 25 mm cassette [20].
  • Special advice to avoid the specific risks must be given to the crews and an examination by occupational medicine, e.g. according to "Working in cold environments, G21" of the German Berufsgenossenschaften, is recommended [21].
  • Screening for the onset of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), which is associated with excess ergonomic stresses of the wrist and hand, is a major concern in occupational medicine [22].
  • The screening consisted of a World Health Organization (WHO) questionnaire, a digital rectal examination (DRE) by an occupational medicine doctor, and a serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) study [23].


  1. Historical perspectives in occupational medicine. Diatomaceous earth silicosis. Abrams, H.K. Am. J. Ind. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
  2. Methylene chloride intoxication in a furniture refinisher. A comparison of exposure estimates utilizing workplace air sampling and blood carboxyhemoglobin measurements. Shusterman, D., Quinlan, P., Lowengart, R., Cone, J. Journal of occupational medicine. : official publication of the Industrial Medical Association. (1990) [Pubmed]
  3. Sports-related and other soft-tissue injuries, tendinitis, bursitis, and occupation-related syndromes. Biundo, J.J., Mipro, R.C., Fahey, P. Current opinion in rheumatology. (1997) [Pubmed]
  4. Genetic and individual differences in the process of biotransformation and their relevance for occupational medicine. Bolt, H.M. La Medicina del lavoro. (1994) [Pubmed]
  5. The discovery of the association between blue asbestos and mesotheliomas and the aftermath. Wagner, J.C. British journal of industrial medicine. (1991) [Pubmed]
  6. Sounding board. Medicine re-enters the workplace: a new era in occupational medicine? Rom, W.N. N. Engl. J. Med. (1979) [Pubmed]
  7. Lead neuropathy. Beritić, T. Crit. Rev. Toxicol. (1984) [Pubmed]
  8. Interest of genotyping and phenotyping of drug-metabolizing enzymes for the interpretation of biological monitoring of exposure to styrene. Haufroid, V., Jakubowski, M., Janasik, B., Ligocka, D., Buchet, J.P., Bergamaschi, E., Manini, P., Mutti, A., Ghittori, S., Arand, M., Hangen, N., Oesch, F., Hirvonen, A., Lison, D. Pharmacogenetics (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Medical surveillance of exposed persons after exposure to PCBs, chlorinated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans after PCB transformer or capacitor incidents. Schecter, A. Environ. Health Perspect. (1985) [Pubmed]
  10. Development of a computer-based battery designed to screen adults for neuropsychological impairment. Letz, R., Green, R.C., Woodard, J.L. Neurotoxicology and teratology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  11. A program of management training for residents. Cordes, D.H., Rea, D.F., Rea, J., Vuturo, A. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges. (1989) [Pubmed]
  12. Cytogenetic changes in ethylene oxide-exposed workers: a challenge to occupational medicine. Shaham, J., Shabtai, P., Ribak, J. Isr. J. Med. Sci. (1992) [Pubmed]
  13. Silicon and silicone: comment on occupational medicine forum's answer on trichloroethane and connective tissue disorders. Cook, R.R., Harrison, M.C., LeVier, R.R. Journal of occupational medicine. : official publication of the Industrial Medical Association. (1993) [Pubmed]
  14. Analytical monitoring of trinitrotoluene metabolites in urine by GC-MS. Part I. Semiquantitative determination of 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene in human urine. Vorísek, V., Pour, M., Ubik, K., Hassmanová, V., Korolová, E., Cerveny, L., Kunes, J., Palicka, V. Journal of analytical toxicology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  15. A new measure of xenobiotic toxicity to the fist-line human defence system from the time-resolved phagocyte luminescence. Kochel, B., Sajewicz, W. Bull. Math. Biol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  16. Rapid determination of O- and P-cresol isomers in urine from workers exposed to toluene by high-performance liquid chromatography using a graphitized carbon column. Schlatter, J., Astier, A. Biomed. Chromatogr. (1995) [Pubmed]
  17. Classical syndromes in occupational medicine: dimethylaminopropionitrile. Keogh, J.P. Am. J. Ind. Med. (1983) [Pubmed]
  18. Vinyl chloride: its impact on occupational medicine practice in Iran. Aryanpur, J. Journal of occupational medicine. : official publication of the Industrial Medical Association. (1977) [Pubmed]
  19. A comparison of portable XRF and ICP-OES analysis for lead on air filter samples from a lead ore concentrator mill and a lead-acid battery recycler. Harper, M., Pacolay, B., Hintz, P., Andrew, M.E. Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM. (2006) [Pubmed]
  20. A comparison of X-ray fluorescence and wet chemical analysis for lead on air filters from different personal samplers used in a secondary lead smelter/solder manufacturer. Harper, M., Pacolay, B. Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM. (2006) [Pubmed]
  21. Cold exposure during helicopter rescue operations in the Western Alps. Küpper, T., Steffgen, J., Jansing, P. The Annals of occupational hygiene. (2003) [Pubmed]
  22. Current perception threshold screening for carpal tunnel syndrome. Katims, J.J., Patil, A.S., Rendell, M., Rouvelas, P., Sadler, B., Weseley, S.A., Bleecker, M.L. Arch. Environ. Health (1991) [Pubmed]
  23. Prostate cancer screening in a large corporation population. Kantrowitz, W., Doyle, J., Semeraro, J., Krane, R.J. J. Occup. Environ. Med. (1995) [Pubmed]
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